Stone Age to Iron Age Britain
Introduction to Stone Age to Iron Age

Learn how to be an archaeologist as you discover the Stone Age to Iron Age timeline, the different sources, evidence and vocabulary used by archaeologists and how to carry out a dig.

Session 1 Make your own timeline

Objectives

History

  • Develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British history and develop the appropriate use of historical terms.

English

  • Retrieve, record and present information from non-fiction.

Teaching and Activities

Children learn about and create their own timelines covering ancient history and learn about the timescales involved.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To create timelines to put up in the classroom covering prehistoric periods.
  • To research dates to go on the timeline from books and the internet.

Children will:

  • Use chronological vocabulary.
  • Put the events of prehistory into the correct order and understand the scale of prehistoric time.
  • Locate information from non-fiction sources.

Provided Resources

  • Modelling a timeline (differentiated)
  • Dates for timeline
  • Archaeological dating conventions

You Will Need

  • String
  • Measuring tapes

Session 2 What kinds of evidence are there for prehistory?

Objectives

History

  • Understand how our knowledge of the prehistoric past is constructed from a range of sources, and evaluate the reliability of each of these sources.

English

  • Take part in debates and consider and evaluate different viewpoints, attending to and building on the contributions of others.

Teaching and Activities

Children learn about the difficulties in investigating prehistory and work together to evaluate sources.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To prepare for a debate about the reliability of each source of evidence.
  • To have a debate about the reliability of each source of evidence.

Children will:

  • Explain the different sources of evidence about prehistory.
  • Evaluate the reliability of different sources of evidence about prehistory.
  • Understand how a debate works and take part in one.

You Will Need

You do not need any particular resources for this session.

Session 3 Write an archaeological dictionary

Objectives

History

  • Develop the appropriate use of historical terms.

English

  • Apply growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes to understand the meaning of new words that they meet.

Teaching and Activities

Children investigate some of the special terms used in archaeology and create a dictionary to help their research.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To research the meanings of words used in archaeology.
  • To create a class dictionary.

Children will:

  • Break down words into constituent parts to understand their meaning.
  • Create a dictionary entry.
  • Understand and use some vocabulary that archaeologists use

You Will Need

You do not need any particular resources for this session.

Session 4 How does archaeology work?

Objectives

History

  • Establish clear narratives within and across the periods they study.

English

  • Plan and draft a narrative thinking about the audience and purpose of the writing and using appropriate vocabulary.

Teaching and Activities

Children plan and write the story of a piece of land and its changes over time.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To write a class story about a patch of land from the Stone Age to the Iron Age using a timeline as inspiration.
  • To write a story about one patch of land.

Children will:

  • Demonstrate an understanding of how layers of debris left behind by humans build up over time.
  • Demonstrate an understanding that lower layers are older, and higher layers are younger.
  • Plan and write a narrative for a specific purpose.

You Will Need

You do not need any particular resources for this session.

Session 5 Setting up a dig

Objectives

History

  • Establish clear narratives within and across the periods they study and understand how some of our knowledge of the past is constructed from archaeological excavation.

English

  • Plan and draft a factual report thinking about the audience and purpose of the writing and using appropriate vocabulary.

Teaching and Activities

Children plan, set up, and investigate their own archaeological digs!

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To set up an archaeological excavation based on a narrative they have written themselves.
  • To write a report based on the excavations of the other class.

Children will:

  • Carefully dig and record an archaeological excavation.
  • Demonstrate an understanding that lower layers are older, and higher layers are younger.
  • Plan and write a report using appropriate language.

Provided Resources

  • How to create an archaeological dig resource sheets
  • How to dig sheet
  • Archaeological recording sheet
  • Archaeological reporting frame

You Will Need

  • One or two sand pits, or pallets lined with tarpaulins
  • 10kg bag of clay (not air drying)
  • Bag of clean sand or gravel (can be sourced from garden centres)
  • Bag of compost
  • Bits of wood to make fences, stones or small bricks to make walls
  • Green material to lay on top as grass

Session 6 Archaeological conference

Objectives

History

  • Construct informed responses that involve thoughtful selection and organisation of relevant historical information.

English

  • Give well-structured descriptions, explanations and narratives.

Teaching and Activities

Children bring together their learning and skills to run an archaeological conference.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To organise what you know about prehistory into a presentation.
  • To prepare and give presentations about what you have learned to another class/ (assembly).

Children will:

  • Prepare and structure a presentation.
  • Give a presentation in front of other children.
  • Organise some key facts about prehistory.

Provided Resources

This session does not need any provided resources.

You Will Need

You do not need any particular resources for this session.