Maths

# Year 1 Maths Mental-Oral Starters

By Ruth Merttens - 5 Jul 2018

Get your maths lesson going with a bang!

Each term, we provide 48 starters – enough for 4 per week for 12 weeks – plus 3 sets of 12 ‘Fun-Fair Friday’ tests.
Maths Starters are categorised under key mathematical skillssee headings below.
Others are only available to subscribers.
In each download, expect starters further down the list to get slightly harder.
Most include a couple of quite challenging questions!
Maths Starters with an E at the end of the download filename are easier, as they revisit skills from Reception or from previous Y1 terms.

Counting *FREE*
Confident counting on and back in 1s and 10s.

Children count on or back in ones, being able to say a missing number in a count, or the next number (one more), or the number before (one less) than any number 1-100. They also rehearse counting on and back in tens from any 1- or 2-digit number. It is important that children recognise the pattern in counting in tens, and, specifically, that they understand that the ones digit does not change when saying 10, 20 etc. more or less.

Autumn Maths Starter: Count on and back in 1s (6) | Count on and back in 10s (6)
Spring Maths Starter: Count on and back in 1s (4) | Count on and back in 10s (5)
Summer Maths Starter: Count on and back in 1s (3) | Count on and back in 10s (3)

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Exploring place value *FREE*
Partitioning in 10s and 1s, comparing and ordering

Children partition 2-digit numbers into tens and ones. This involves reading and saying numbers aloud, then writing place value additions to represent recombining the parts – including money amounts in 10ps and 1ps. Children compare two or three numbers and place them in order. They identify missing numbers on a 1-100 number grid, or on sections taken from it.

Autumn Maths Starter: 2-digit place value (6) | Make and compare numbers to 100 (6)
Spring Maths Starter: Explore 2-digit place value (5) | Partition, recombine, compare (6)
Summer Maths Starter: Explore 2-digit place value (5) | Partition, recombine, compare (5)

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Number bonds and pairs; unit patterns in addition and subtraction

Children rehearse number bonds and pairs of numbers adding to 7, 8, 9 and 10. Some starters focus largely on bonds to 10. They recognise and identify unit patterns, using these to develop fluency in mental addition and subtraction. In Summer, children begin to count on in 10s and 1s to add and count back in 1s or 10s to subtract.
Calculating with amounts of money is introduced in Spring, consolidating learning of place value skills as well as addition and subtraction.

Autumn Maths Starter: Number bonds and pairs (6) | Unit patterns in addition and subtraction (6)
Spring Maths Starter: Number bonds and pairs (6) | Unit patterns for +/- (6) | Calculating with money (4)
Summer Maths Starter: Number bonds and pairs (6) | Unit patterns for +/- (6) | Count on to add; back to subtract (5)

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Getting to know multiples
Practise counting in 2s, 5s and 10s

Each starter combines practice of ‘clever counting’ in steps of 2, 5 and 10. In this way, children begin to recognise patterns of multiples, as a precursor for learning tables facts in Year 2. To encourage application of digit patterns, counts may go forward or back and beyond the 12th multiple.
The ‘x’ symbol is introduced in Summer, where children write a multiplication sentence in response to an image of objects placed in sets.

Autumn Maths Starter: Getting to know multiples (6)
Spring Maths Starter: Count in multiples of 2, 5 or 10 (5)
Summer Maths Starter: Count in multiples of 2, 5 or 10 (6)

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Doubling, halving and fractions
Doubling numbers to double 6, halving even numbers to 12, finding fractions of amounts

Children rehearse known facts, e.g. double 3 is 6 and half of 8 is 4. They need to ensure fluency, recognising doubles of numbers up to 6, and identifying numbers that are therefore easy to halve, such as 12.
Beginning in Spring and consolidating in Summer, children calculate or recall half and quarter of amounts, supported by whole-part images.

Autumn Maths Starter: Doubling and halving numbers (2)
Spring Maths Starter: Double and halve (3) | Fractions of amounts (2)
Summer Maths Starter: Double and halve (3) | Fractions of amounts (2)

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Measures
Money, coin recognition, and telling the time

In Autumn, children become familiar with the full range of coins, practising swift and confident identification. In Spring and beyond, use of money is embedded in other skills: Exploring place value; Addition and subtraction.
They rehearse telling and making times to the hour on analogue clocks in Autumn, then by Summer are confidently telling the time to the half hour.

Autumn Maths Starter: Coin recognition (2) | Telling the time (2)
Spring Maths Starter: Telling the time (2)
Summer Maths Starter: Money - add amounts (2) | Money - find change (2) | Tell the time (2)

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FUN-FAIR FRIDAY TESTS
Testing children’s basic skills rehearsed in Starters

The tests each have ten questions and are fun to do as children compete not against each other, but against their PB (personal best). Each week, they see where they have got to on the Fun-Fair Height Chart – which rides will they be able to do?
Choose a test to fit the Starters you have done this week. Download the Tests Overview to make your choice.