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English

Year 4 Free Grammar and Punctuation

Ruth Merttens By Ruth Merttens

PowerPoint Presentations for Year 4 of the Grammar and Punctuation Scheme of Work

If you are teaching Year 5 and are using Hamilton Catch-up Materials, the RED text in your Responses Document refers to the presentations on this page.  

Use Conjunctions to express time, cause and place.
Extend children’s use of complex sentences by encouraging them to think about how, when, where or why something was done or happened.
Dad tripped on the stairs because the cat was lying there.
When the film was over, we all went and had a meal.
He was certainly still angry so the dogs thought it best to keep out of his sight for a while.
Terminology: Conjunction. Clause, Sentence, Subordinate clause

Use Prepositions to express time, cause and place
Help children make their writing more interesting by using prepositional phrases.
With a heavy heart, the princess put the frog back in the pond.
He kicked the ball right over the wall.
Terminology: Preposition, Phrase

Use adverbs and Adverbials, incl. fronted adverbials
Extend children’s understanding of adverbs, showing them how to use a prepositional phrase to say HOW something is done or HOW it happened.
He spoke crossly and in a loud voice to all the children.
The dog ran with the lead in its mouth, down the street.
Extend children’s use of adverbs by encouraging them to start their sentences with an adverbial.
In total silence, the children tiptoed along the corridor.
Without blinking, Max stared into all their yellow eyes.
Terminology: Adverb, Adverbial, Fronted adverbial

Use Pronouns to avoid repetition or ambiguity and to add clarity and cohesion
Encourage children to use pronouns to help them make sense and be clear:
Avoid repetition: While Sam watched the TV programme. Sam finished making his Lego spaceship.
Avoid ambiguity: Mary wanted to help her granny and she was feeling very tired.
Add to the cohesion: When she went to bed, Mog was feeling rather full of milk and cat food.
Terminology: Pronoun

Use Dialogue in narrative or in drama, emphasising the differences between spoken and written speech
Extend children’s use of dialogue, consolidating the use of speech punctuation and ensuring that what is in the speech marks is what is SAID, not what might be written.
E.g. We can use contracted forms, and we can use slang...
“Give me a break,” sneered Tom, “You can’t expect me to believe that!”
“Ger’off, you’re hurting me,” Sam told his younger brother.
Terminology: Inverted commas or Speech marks, Direct speech

Use the Possessive Apostrophe (and Apostrophes for Contractions)
Use for singular and plural nouns.
Joanna’s temper was rising fast.
He really wanted his brother’s football shirt.
All the dogs’ dinners had been stolen.
Terminology: Apostrophe

Person – understanding that writing can be third or first person
Children need to become aware that writing can be ‘She did this...’ or ‘I did this...’. We can write in the 3rd or the 1st person.
The dog wandered down the street looking for cats and food.
I wandered down the street looking for my dog.
Terminology: Subject, Verb

Use Commas after or before phrases and clauses
Introduce the idea of a ‘short pause’ which does not merit a new sentence but does require a comma. Show children how we can use commas before or after phrases or clauses.
After the door slammed, the class sat in total silence.
As light as a bird, the glider disappeared into the clouds.
Terminology: Comma

Expand Noun Phrases to add detail and interest
Understand how noun phrases can be expanded using modifying adjectives, nouns and prepositional phrases to give extra information and build vivid images.
They went into a cafe. They went in the very busy cafe with people queuing to the door.
Terminology: Noun phrase, Expanded Noun Phrase

Use and distinguish different Verb Tenses
Understand the present perfect form of verbs and the difference between this and the simple past tense.
The girl knocked at the door. The girl has knocked at the door.
Terminology: Present Perfect, Past Tense

Understand how Paragraphs and Cohesion are used to organise ideas and help writing flow
Use paragraphs to organise writing, grouping together ideas and themes. Understand what cohesive devices do and how they link ideas and make a text flow.
Terminology: Paragraph, Cohesion, Cohesive Device

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