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English

Year 2 Free Grammar and Punctuation

Ruth Merttens By Ruth Merttens

PowerPoint Presentations for Year 2 of the Grammar and Punctuation Scheme of Work

If you are teaching Year 3 and are using Hamilton Catch-up Materials, the RED text in your Responses Document refers to the presentations on this page.  

Understand different Sentence types and related Punctuation
Support children’s understanding of how the grammatical patterns in a sentence indicate its function as a statement, question, exclamation or command.
Demarcate sentences using capital letters at the start and full stops, exclamation or question marks at the end.
The doorbell rang. Who could it be? Mummy answered the door and got a surprise. There was a tiger!
Terminology: Sentence, Capital letter, Full stop, Question mark, Exclamation mark

Use adjectives, adverbs and prepositional phrases in Noun Phrases
Explain what a noun is, and how an adjective add description, an adverb can modify the adjective and a prepositional phrase can add further description.
The wild tiger, the black bear and the calmly swimming whale.
The sea was becoming stormy and extremely threatening with enormous waves.

Terminology: Noun, Adjective, Adverb, Preposition, Noun phrase

Use Conjunctions to join ideas in longer sentences.
Co-ordination: using ‘and’, ‘or’ and ‘but’ (Compound sentences)
Subordination: using ‘when’, ‘where’, ‘if’, ‘that’ and ‘because’ (Complex sentences)
Children need to start using compound and complex sentences in their writing:
When the tiger came to tea, he ate up all the food and drank up all the water.
If another tiger comes to tea, we have some tins of tiger-food but we still don’t have any water in the taps!

Terminology: Conjunction

Use and distinguish Past and present tense; identify simple or progressive forms
In a story it is often past tense:
The tiger went to the cupboard and took out all the tins. He drank up all the water in the tap.
In a description of something which is true now, it is present tense.
My favourite colour is red.
I like playing princesses and magic games best.
I was running down the road as the bus came. (progressive form)

Terminology: Present tense, Simple past tense, Progressive form of past tense

Begin to use harder punctuation, including Commas in lists, and Apostrophes
Show how commas can be used to separate items in a list and how apostrophes can be used for contractions and to mark singular possession in nouns.
My lunch box contains a ham sandwich, crisps, cheese, an apple and Dad’s homemade biscuits.
Encourage children to write speech in a realistic way, e.g. I don’t want to come in yet!

ALL MATERIALS WILL BE AVAILABLE BEFORE END OF AUGUST – THEY’RE BEING ADDED DAILY

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