Stone Age to Iron Age Britain
Introduction to Stone Age to Iron Age Britain

Investigate how we know about Britain’s prehistory and make a basic timeline with the main dates of the periods in Stone Age to Iron Age Britain. Take part in a mock investigation, participate in class debates, create group timelines, play matching games and be inspired to write some powerful non-fiction writing.

Session 1 Being archaeologists

Objectives

History

  • Understand how our knowledge of the (prehistoric) past is constructed from a range of sources (including archaeological excavation, and the reliability of such sources).
  • Construct informed responses that involve thoughtful selection and organisation of relevant historical information.

English

  • Participate in discussions, presentations, performances, role-play, improvisations and debates.
  • Consider and evaluate different viewpoints, attending to and building on the contributions of others.

Teaching and Activities

Carry out a mock investigation to find out how we know about Stone Age to Iron Age Britain.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To carry out a simulated archaeological investigation to learn how we know about the prehistoric past.
  • To debate what the results of the simulated excavation mean.

Children will:

  • Learn that archaeological evidence is interpreted.
  • Record an archaeological object and interpret it.
  • Back up their ideas by referring back to evidence.

Provided Resources

  • How to set up a soil-less dig
  • Geophysical report for the white board
  • Object recording sheet
  • Archaeological interpretation of the geophysical plot

You Will Need

  • Pointing trowels
  • Replica objects
  • One square box for each table
  • Paper or polystyrene pieces
  • Buckets

Session 2 Start off the timeline

Objectives

History

  • Develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British history establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study.
  • Note connections, contrasts and trends over time and develop the appropriate use of historical terms.
  • Construct informed responses that involve thoughtful selection and organisation of relevant historical information.

English

  • Apply growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes to understand the meaning of new words.

Teaching and Activities

Make a basic timeline with the main dates of the periods in Stone Age to Iron Age Britain marked on it.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To start making a timeline of prehistory and find out the main periods.
  • To learn the meaning of prehistoric period names.

Children will:

  • Demonstrate their grasp of chronology by using a timeline.
  • Carry out research to address historical questions.
  • Deduce the meaning of new suffixes based on prior knowledge.

Provided Resources

  • Prehistoric dates and names labels
  • Research templates for the web
  • Templates for adding to the timeline
  • Archaeological dictionary templates

You Will Need

  • String across the room or a long thin bit of wall
  • Paper and pencils
  • Web enabled devices

Session 3 The Stone Age

Objectives

History

  • Develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British history establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study.
  • Note connections, contrasts and trends over time and develop the appropriate use of historical terms.
  • Construct informed responses that involve thoughtful selection and organisation of relevant historical information

English

  • Participate in discussions, presentations, performances, role-play, improvisations and debates.
  • Retrieve and record information from non-fiction.

Teaching and Activities

Learn about the Stone Age, add some details to that bit of the timeline, and find out what makes the Neolithic so different from the rest of the Stone Age.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To research the Stone Age in more detail to add to the timeline.
  • To summarise research findings.

Children will:

  • Demonstrate their grasp of chronology by using a timeline.
  • Carry out research to address historical questions.
  • Give a verbal report about their research.

You Will Need

  • Paper and pencils
  • Web enabled devices

Session 4 The Bronze Age

Objectives

History

  • Develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British history establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study.
  • Develop the appropriate use of historical terms.
  • Construct informed responses that involve thoughtful selection and organisation of relevant historical information.

English

  • Retrieve and record information from non-fiction.
  • Draft and write non-narrative material using simple organisational devices.

Teaching and Activities

Learn about the Bronze Age and add detail to the timeline. Write a report exploring what life might have been like for someone in the Bronze Age.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To research the Bronze Age in more detail to add to the timeline.
  • To write a report contrasting the early and late Bronze Age.

Children will:

  • Demonstrate their grasp of chronology by using a timeline.
  • Carry out research to address historical questions.
  • Write a report about the changes in the Bronze Age.

You Will Need

  • Paper and pencils
  • Web enabled devices

Session 5 The Iron Age

Objectives

History

  • Develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British history establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study.
  • Note connections, contrasts and trends over time and develop the appropriate use of historical terms.
  • Construct informed responses that involve thoughtful selection and organisation of relevant historical information.

English

  • Retrieve and record information from non-fiction.
  • Draft and write non-narrative material using simple organisational devices.

Teaching and Activities

Learn about the Iron Age and add detail to the timeline. Debate what hillforts were for.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To research the Iron Age in more detail to add to the timeline.
  • To write a report about the Iron Age.

Children will:

  • Demonstrate their grasp of chronology by using a timeline.
  • Carry out research to address historical questions.
  • Write a report about the changes in the Iron Age.

You Will Need

  • Paper and pencils
  • Web enabled devices

Session 6 Story-time

Objectives

History

  • Develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British history establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study.
  • Note connections, contrasts and trends over time and develop the appropriate use of historical terms.
  • Construct informed responses that involve thoughtful selection and organisation of relevant historical information.

English

  • Retrieve and record information from non-fiction.
  • Draft and write non-narrative material using simple organisational devices.
  • Give well-structured descriptions, explanations and narratives for different purposes.

Teaching and Activities

Write a non-fiction piece about prehistory explaining things that have been learned during this block.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To recall what they have learned about prehistory.
  • To write a narrative about changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age.

Children will:

  • Demonstrate their grasp of chronology by correctly writing a historical narrative
  • Demonstrate their knowledge of Stone Age to Iron Age Britain.
  • Write accurate information for a specific audience and format.

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You Will Need

  • Paper and pencils