Upper Key Stage 2 Earth Matters
Volcanoes

Learn about the features of volcanoes and their formation. Discover how they are distributed around the world. Create models, artwork, volcano dances, music and David Attenborough style commentaries.

Session 1 How are volcanoes formed?

Objectives

Geography

  • Describe and understand key aspects of volcanoes.
  • Use maps, atlases, and globes to locate countries and describe features studied.

Art

  • Produce creative work, exploring their ideas and recording their experiences.

Planning and Activities

Learn about tectonic plates and the formation of volcanoes before making a play dough model of the earth and its layers.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To identify the layers of the Earth and how volcanoes are formed.
  • To construct a cross section of the Earth.

Children will:

  • Identify and name the layers of the Earth.
  • Understand how tectonic plates work.
  • Explain the link between plate tectonics and the formation of volcanoes.

Provided Resources

  • Images of volcanoes
  • Instructions for making a play dough Earth
  • Instructions for labelling the play dough Earth

You Will Need

  • Play dough in colours blue, green, brown, yellow, orange, red
  • Blunt knives
  • Cocktail sticks and small strips of paper or sticky labels

Session 2 Where in the world are volcanoes?

Objectives

Geography

  • Describe and understand key aspects of volcanoes.
  • Use maps and atlases to locate countries and describe features studied.

Music

  • Appreciate and understand a wide range of high-quality live and recorded music.

Planning and Activities

After looking at the location and also the different traits of volcanoes the children mark the Ring of Fire on a world map.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To study the features of tectonic plates and the features of extinct, dormant and active volcanoes.
  • To view a volcano dance and describe appreciation of music and movement.

Children will:

  • Understand where volcanoes are located in the world.
  • Recognise the different traits of volcanoes, including dormant, extinct and active volcanoes.
  • Appreciate a volcano dance and imagine being close to a volcanic eruption .

You Will Need

  • A red crayon or pen

Session 3 What does a volcano look like on the inside?

Objectives

Geography

  • Describe and understand key aspects of volcanoes.
  • Use maps, atlases, and globes to locate countries and describe features studied.

Art

  • Produce creative work, exploring their ideas and recording their experiences.

Planning and Activities

Create your own volcanic layered artwork inspired by the work of artist Margaret Godfrey.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To discuss the inside of a volcano and understand the difference between magma and lava.
  • To create volcanic artwork, inspired by the work of artist Margaret Godfrey.

Children will:

  • Understand the structure of a volcano through creation of layered artwork, using a labelled cross section as a guide.
  • Understand the difference between magma and lava.
  • Recreate artwork in the style of Margaret Godfrey.

You Will Need

  • Plain white tile or thick, white card
  • Tissue paper in various colours
  • PVA glue
  • Black felt tip pen/permanent marker/paint

Session 4 What is an eruption like?

Objectives

Geography

  • Describe and understand key aspects of volcanoes.
  • Use maps, atlases, and globes to locate countries and describe features studied.

English

  • Be able to identify the audience for and purpose of the writing, selecting the appropriate form and using similar writing as models for their own.
  • Perform their own compositions, using appropriate intonation, volume, and movement so that meaning is clear.

Music

  • Be able to improvise and compose music for a range of purposes.

Planning and Activities

Cereate volcano dances, volcano music and make up ‘David Attenborough’ style commentaries.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To discuss what happens when a volcano erupts and act out the build up to the eruption and the eruption.
  • To plan and perform a commentary on the build up to the eruption and the eruption itself.
  • To enact the build up to the eruption and the eruption itself through dance and music.

Children will:

  • Identify the different stages of a volcanic eruption.
  • Imagine what a volcanic eruption would be like and represent it through dance, music and words.

Provided Resources

  • Instructions for a volcano dance
  • Instructions for volcano music
  • Instructions for commentating

You Will Need

  • Large sheets of paper to crumple
  • Musical instruments
  • Strips of chiffon or other light material in reds, oranges and yellows
  • A large red/yellow/orange sheet (if possible)
  • A video camera