Earliest Civilisations: The Indus Valley
Craftspeople and Trade

Find out about the creativity of the Indus Valley people and try your hand at making some of the artefacts that you study. Learn about the process of trade and the goods involved.

Session 1 Craftspeople

Objectives

History

  • Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations.
  • Characteristic features of past non-European societies.
  • Understand historical concepts such as similarity, difference and significance.
  • Understand the methods of historical enquiry.

Art

  • Improve their mastery of art and design techniques, including working with clay.

Teaching and Activities

Learn about some of the objects that Indus valley craftspeople produced; find out how potters created pots during the Indus Valley civilisation and then make a pot in the style of an Indus Valley craftsperson.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To appreciate that there were many skilled craftspeople working during the Indus Valley civilisation.
  • To understand that different types of pot were produced by potters.
  • To create a pot in the Indus Valley style, using an appropriate technique.

Children will:

  • List some of the objects that Indus valley craftspeople produced.
  • Explain how potters created pots during the Indus Valley civilisation.
  • Make a pot in the style of an Indus Valley craftsperson.

You Will Need

  • Air-dried clay (unless you have a kiln at school)
  • Black (and red) paint and brushes
  • Diluted PVA glue to act as a glaze
  • Rolling pins
  • Aprons

Session 2 Jewellery

Objectives

History

  • Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations.
  • Characteristic features of past non-European societies.
  • Understand historical concepts such as similarity, difference and significance.

Art

  • Improve their mastery of art and design techniques including working with clay.

Teaching and Activities

Describe some Indus Valley jewellery; list the materials that Indus Valley jewellers used and then make a necklace or bracelet in the style of Indus Valley jewellery.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To describe some typical Indus Valley jewellery and list the materials that Indus valley jewellers used for creating various jewellery items.
  • To make a bead necklace or bracelet using air-dried clay in the style of Indus Valley jewellery.

Children will:

  • Describe some Indus Valley jewellery.
  • List the materials that Indus Valley jewellers used.
  • Make a necklace or bracelet in the style of Indus Valley jewellery.

You Will Need

  • Air-dried clay
  • Needles with large eyes
  • Thick thread or thin string
  • Paints, including silver and gold if possible
  • Pasta of various shapes

Weblinks

There are no weblinks needed for this session.

Session 3 Trading

Objectives

History

  • Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations.
  • Characteristic features of past non-European societies.
  • Gain historical perspective by placing their knowledge into different contexts, understanding connections between economic and social history.

Design and Technology

  • Generate, develop and communicate their ideas through discussion and annotated sketches.
  • Select from and use a wider range of tools and equipment to perform practical tasks.
  • Select from and use a wider range of materials and components.

Geography

  • Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features.

Teaching and Activities

Discover the trade routes and modes of transport used by traders of the Indus Valley civilisation; learn some of the goods which were traded; make a set of balance scales in the style of those used by the Indus Valley traders.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To understand how important trading was in the Indus Valley and how it may have taken place.
  • To make balance scales in the style of those used by the Indus Valley traders.
  • To mark Indus Valley trade routes on a map of the region.

Children will:

  • Describe the trade routes and modes of transport used by traders of the Indus Valley civilisation.
  • List some of the goods which were traded.
  • Make a set of balance scales in the style of those used by the Indus Valley traders.

You Will Need

  • Wood
  • Card
  • Thick thread/thin string
  • Margarine tubs/yoghurt pots
  • Scissors
  • Hacksaws
  • Plasticine
  • World map

Session 4 Bartering

Objectives

History

  • Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations.
  • Characteristic features of past non-European societies.
  • Understand historical concepts such as similarity, difference and significance.
  • Gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between economic and social history.

Computing

  • Select and use a variety of software.
  • Use technology responsibly.

English

  • Participate in role play.
  • Use spoken language to develop understanding through imagining and exploring ideas.

Teaching and Activities

Use role play to try bartering; list the types of goods that could be bartered; play and evaluate a simulation game about Indus Valley traders.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To understand that historians and archaeologists can make educated guesses about the uses of buildings and to find out more about traders in the Indus valley civilisation.
  • To use a simulation program to learn about Indus Valley traders.
  • To use role play to try bartering and take the role of an Indus valley trader in a simulation program.

Children will:

  • Use role play to try bartering.
  • List the types of goods that could be bartered.
  • Play and evaluate a simulation game about Indus Valley traders.

Provided Resources

This session does not need any provided resources.

You Will Need

  • Sufficient PCs/laptops for chn to work in pairs