Earliest Civilisations: The Indus Valley
Cities

Be amazed by the cities of the Indus Valley people and learn about the most significant sites and their construction. Find out about the archaeologists whose discoveries led to the realisation that this ancient civilisation had existed.

Session 1 Discovery

Objectives

History

  • Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations.
  • Characteristic features of past non-European societies.
  • Understand historical concepts such as continuity and change.
  • Gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between short- and long-term timescales.

Geography

  • Locate the world’s countries, concentrating on key physical characteristics and major cities.
  • Use maps to locate countries and describe features studied.

Teaching and Activities

Learn about the most significant sites of the Indus Valley civilisation and mark them onto a map; find out about the archaeologists who did initial work on the sites of these discoveries that led to the realisation that this ancient civilisation had existed.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To understand that it is only relatively recently that historians and archaeologists have been aware of the ancient Indus Valley civilisation.
  • To use maps to locate the key cities of the Indus Valley civilisation.

Children will:

  • Name the most significant sites of the Indus Valley civilisation.
  • Research information about the archaeologists who did initial work on the sites.
  • Show awareness of the significance of the discoveries that led to the realisation that this ancient civilisation had existed and the archaeologists who discovered them.

You Will Need

  • Blank maps from Block A, session 2 (optional)
  • Access to internet
  • Information books about the Indus Valley civilisation
  • Black wool

Weblinks

There are no weblinks needed for this session.

Session 2 Mathematics

Objectives

History

  • Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations.
  • Characteristic features of past non-European societies.
  • Understand historical concepts such as similarity, difference and significance.
  • Gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between cultural and social history.

Maths

  • Y5 Identify 3D shapes, including cuboids, from 2D representations.
  • Y6 Recognise and build simple 3D shapes, including making nets.
  • Y6 Solve problems involving the relative sizes of two quantities.

Teaching and Activities

Discover how the people of the Indus Valley were good mathematicians; construct a typical Indus Valley brick shape from a card net; learn about the use of rulers for measuring during the Indus Valley civilisation period.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To understand that the Indus Valley people were good mathematicians.
  • To make a cuboid brick in the ratio that the Indus Valley people used and understand that the Indus Valley people used rulers for accurate measurements.

Provided Resources

  • Mud Brick table
  • Examples of city grid system
  • Plans of cities
  • Ruler and dice images
  • Brick image

You Will Need

  • Thin card (white and brown)
  • Brown paint and brushes if necessary
  • Rulers
  • Scissors

Weblinks

There are no weblinks needed for this session.

Session 3 Houses

Objectives

History

  • Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations.
  • Characteristic features of past non-European societies.
  • Understand historical concepts such as cause and consequence.
  • Understand the methods of historical enquiry, including how evidence is used to make historical claims.

Design and Technology

  • Select from and use a range of materials.
  • Apply their understanding of how to strengthen and reinforce more complex structures.

Teaching and Activities

Learn about the features of a typical Indus Valley house and other buildings that have been excavated; build your own model Indus Valley house.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To describe a typical house of the Indus Valley people.
  • To make a model Indus Valley house.

Children will:

  • Describe the features of a typical Indus Valley house.
  • Describe other buildings that have been excavated.
  • Build a model Indus Valley house.

You Will Need

  • Card, cereal boxes, etc.
  • Scissors
  • Glue
  • Air-dried clay
  • Brown paints and brushes

Session 4 Sanitation

Objectives

History

  • Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations.
  • Characteristic features of past non-European societies.
  • Understand historical concepts such as similarity, difference and significance.
  • Gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between cultural and social history.

Design and Technology

  • Select from and use a range of materials.
  • Apply their understanding of how to strengthen and reinforce more complex structures.

Teaching and Activities

Learn how cleanliness was important to the Indus Valley people and how they created a complex sanitation system; construct drains, reservoirs and wells for the class model Indus Valley city.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To describe the complex sanitation system of the Indus Valley people.
  • To add signs of the sanitation system to their model Indus Valley houses and combine the houses to create an Indus Valley city.

Children will:

  • Explain that cleanliness was important to the Indus Valley people.
  • Describe the complex sanitation system of the Indus Valley people.
  • Construct drains, reservoirs and wells for a model Indus Valley city.

You Will Need

  • Card
  • kitchen towel inner cardboard tubes or similar
  • cereal boxes
  • Scissors
  • Glue
  • Air-dried clay
  • Paints and brushes