Earliest Civilisations: Ancient Egyptians
Daily Life

Understand important aspects of the daily life of the Ancient Egyptians; including jobs, food, and games. Create your own Ancient Egyptian board game.

Session 1 Homes

Objectives

History

  • Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations.
  • Characteristic features of past non-European societies.
  • Understand historical concepts such as similarity, difference and significance.
  • Gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between cultural, religious and social history.

Art

  • Improve their mastery of art and design techniques, including drawing, painting, and sculpture.

Teaching and Activities

Draw and paint, or model, an Ancient Egyptian house and garden.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To describe the structure and layout of an Ancient Egyptian house and garden.
  • To understand the significance of water in Ancient Egyptian gardens.
  • To create a painting of an Ancient Egyptian house and garden, or make a clay model of a house and garden.
  • To understand the lack of perspective in Ancient Egyptians painted depictions of gardens.

Children will:

  • Describe a typical Ancient Egyptian house of both rich and poor families.
  • Describe a typical Ancient Egyptian garden (both for homes & temples).
  • Draw and paint, or model, an Ancient Egyptian house and garden.

You Will Need

  • See inside Ancient Egypt by Rob Lloyd Jones and David Hancock
  • Sketching pencils
  • Quick-drying modelling clay

Session 2 A day in the life of women

Objectives

History

  • Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations.
  • Characteristic features of past non-European societies.
  • Gain and deploy a historically grounded understanding of abstract terms such as peasantry.
  • Understand historical concepts such as similarity, difference and significance.
  • Gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between cultural and social history.

Design and Technology

  • Use a range of equipment to perform practical tasks.
  • Use a range of materials.

Teaching and Activities

Learn about a day in the life of an Ancient Egyptian woman; identify a range of everyday objects found in Ancient Egyptian homes and understand how the Ancient Egyptians would have worked out the passage of time.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To understand the range of activities carried out by Ancient Egyptian women on a daily basis.
  • To make a simple water clock.

Children will:

  • Describe a day in the life of an Ancient Egyptian woman.
  • Identify a range of everyday objects found in Ancient Egyptian homes.
  • Understand how a water clock works.
  • Make a simple water clock.

You Will Need

  • Access to internet
  • Large yoghurt pots
  • Newspaper
  • Diluted PVA glue
  • Waterproof marker pens
  • Embroidery needle
  • Water
  • Stopwatches
  • Bowls to catch water

Session 3 Food

Objectives

History

  • Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations.
  • Characteristic features of past non-European societies.
  • Gain and deploy a historically grounded understanding of abstract terms such as ‘peasantry’ and ‘civilisation’.
  • Gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between cultural, economic and social history.

Design and Technology

  • Use the basic principles of a healthy and varied diet to prepare dishes.
  • Prepare and cook a variety of dishes.
  • Understand where Ancient Egyptian food came from.

Teaching and Activities

Discover the diet of Ancient Egyptians; understand that bread was the staple diet for all Ancient Egyptians (both rich and poor); prepare some Ancient Egyptian food for a feast; taste a range of Ancient Egyptian foods.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To understand the range of foods eaten by Ancient Egyptians and list ingredients used in their diet.
  • To prepare some Ancient Egyptian foods and taste foods similar to those eaten in Ancient Egypt.

Children will:

  • Describe the diet of Ancient Egyptians.
  • Understand that bread was the staple diet for all Ancient Egyptians (both rich and poor).
  • Prepare some Ancient Egyptian food for a feast.
  • Taste a range of Ancient Egyptian foods.

You Will Need

  • Fruit
  • Bread
  • Recipes
  • Ingredients for chosen recipes
  • Cooking equipment
  • Kitchen
  • Extra adults

Session 4 Men's jobs

Objectives

History

  • Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations.
  • Characteristic features of past non-European societies.
  • Gain and deploy a historically grounded understanding of abstract terms such as ‘civilisation’ and ‘peasantry’.
  • Understand the methods of historical enquiry.

Art

  • Improve their mastery of art and design techniques, including working with clay.

English

  • Select appropriate vocabulary.
  • Use further presentational devices to structure text.

Teaching and Activities

Research some of the jobs done by Ancient Egyptian men; analyse paintings showing craftsmen at work; show awareness of the social hierarchy in Ancient Egyptian life; make a pot based on Ancient Egyptian designs.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To describe the range of jobs that Ancient Egyptian men carried out and understand the social hierarchy indicated by jobs men carried out.
  • To make an Ancient Egyptian pot and decorate it.
  • To label illustrations to show understanding of the jobs carried out by Ancient Egyptian men, including descriptions of the tools they used.

Children will:

  • List some of the jobs done by Ancient Egyptian men.
  • Analyse paintings showing craftsmen at work.
  • Show awareness of the social hierarchy in Ancient Egyptian life.
  • Make a pot based on Ancient Egyptian designs.

Provided Resources

  • The Social Pyramid image
  • Images of men at work
  • Ancient Egyptian pot images
  • How to make an Ancient Egyptian pot instructions

You Will Need

  • Quick drying clay Or clay plus potter’s wheel if available
  • Paints and brushes
  • Aprons

Session 5 Clothing

Objectives

History

  • Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations
  • Characteristic features of past non-European societies.
  • Understand historical concepts such as continuity and change.
  • Gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between economic, cultural and social history.

Design and Technology

  • Use research; Generate their ideas using annotated sketches and pattern pieces.
  • Use a range of tools to perform practical tasks.
  • Use a range of materials, including fabrics.

Teaching and Activities

Research the clothes and footwear worn by Ancient Egyptians; create some Ancient Egyptian clothes for dolls.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To describe the clothes and footwear worn by Ancient Egyptian men, women and children and understand what the clothes were made from.
  • Design and make some Ancient Egyptian clothes for a fashion doll.

Children will:

  • Describe the clothes worn by Ancient Egyptians.
  • Describe the footwear of Ancient Egyptians.
  • Create some Ancient Egyptian clothes for dolls.

You Will Need

  • Barbie and Ken or similar fashion dolls
  • Newspaper or similar
  • Linen (or cotton) plain white/cream cloth
  • Thread and needles
  • Raffia or similar/brown felt (leather) for sandals

Session 6 Jewellery, hair and makeup

Objectives

History

  • Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations.
  • Characteristic features of past non-European societies.
  • Gain and deploy a historically grounded understanding of abstract terms such as ‘civilisation’ and ‘peasantry’.
  • Understand historical concepts such as continuity and change, similarity and difference.
  • Gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between cultural and social history.

Art

  • Improve their mastery of art and design techniques, including painting and sculpture.

Teaching and Activities

Describe the jewellery and makeup that the Ancient Egyptians wore; create Ancient Egyptian jewellery for themselves and their fashion dolls.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To understand that Ancient Egyptians were proud of their appearance and that both Ancient Egyptian men and women wore makeup, wigs and jewellery.
  • To create some Ancient Egyptian jewellery for themselves and for the fashion dolls (used in Session 5).

Children will:

  • Explain that both men and women in Ancient Egypt wore jewellery, makeup and wigs.
  • Describe the jewellery and makeup that the Ancient Egyptians wore.
  • Identify chn in Ancient Egyptian art by their side locks of youth.
  • Create Ancient Egyptian jewellery for themselves and their fashion dolls.

Provided Resources

  • Jewellery images
  • Makeup images
  • How to make an Ancient Egyptian bead necklace
  • How to make an Egyptian headdress
  • How to make a gold pendant
  • How to make an Egyptian collar

You Will Need

  • Thin card and/or felt
  • Shiny paper
  • Black paper
  • Thick card
  • Black wool
  • Drawing compasses
  • Needles
  • Beads
  • Seeds
  • Buttons
  • Sequins
  • Pasta
  • Quick drying clay
  • Ribbon or cord, thin wire or nylon fishing line
  • String
  • PVA glue

Weblinks

There are no weblinks needed for this session.

Session 7 The three Rs

Objectives

History

  • Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations.
  • Characteristic features of past non-European societies.
  • Gain and deploy a historically grounded understanding of abstract terms such as ‘civilisation’ and ‘peasantry’.
  • Gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between social and economic history.

Maths

  • Solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.

Teaching and Activities

Discover that only some boys and no girls went to school in Ancient Egypt; describe how papyrus was made; work out some calculations using Ancient Egyptian numbers.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To understand that not many Ancient Egyptians learnt to read and write.
  • To Find out how papyrus was made and used and learn the Ancient Egyptian numbering system.
  • To solve some calculations using Ancient Egyptian numbers.

Children will:

  • Explain that only some boys and no girls went to school in Ancient Egypt.
  • Describe how papyrus was made.
  • Work out some calculations using Ancient Egyptian numbers.

Provided Resources

  • Papyrus images
  • How Papyrus was made
  • Ancient Egyptian numbers
  • Ancient Egyptian arithmetic

You Will Need

  • White paper cut into strips
  • Diluted PVA glue
  • Kitchen towels

Session 8 Leisure time

Objectives

History

  • Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations.
  • Characteristic features of past non-European societies.
  • Understand historical concepts such as continuity and change, similarity, difference and significance.
  • Gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between cultural & social history.

English

  • Use similar writing as a model for their own.
  • Note and develop initial ideas.
  • Use organisational and presentational devices to structure text and guide the reader.

Teaching and Activities

Compare Ancient Egyptian leisure activities with modern ones; play an Ancient Egyptian board game; create your own version of an Ancient Egyptian board game.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To explain what the Ancient Egyptians did in their leisure time and compare the activities of Ancient Egyptians with those of today.
  • To write the rules for playing an Ancient Egyptian game, using the features of instructions.

Children will:

  • Explain what Ancient Egyptians did in their leisure time.
  • Compare Ancient Egyptian activities with modern ones.
  • Play an Ancient Egyptian board game.
  • Create their own version of an Ancient Egyptian board game.

Provided Resources

  • Images of daily life
  • Board games
  • Instructions for Ancient Egyptian game
  • Spiral template for Mehet Board
  • Senet board

You Will Need

  • Card
  • Rulers
  • Quick drying clay or Plasticine
  • Felt tips
  • Dice