Study a distinctive Victorian silhouette showing palaeontologist William Buckland, his family and his fossils. Learn about his discoveries and links to Mary Anning. Research the Ice Ages and Ice Age animals in Britain. Exhibit your work and invite visitors to share in your learning.

Session 1 The Buckland Silhouette

Objectives

Science

  • To find out about the work of famous palaeontologists.

Art

  • To find out about artists in history.

Teaching and Activities

Learn about William Buckland the famous palaeontologist, his family life and his fossil hunting.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To find out about William, Mary and Francis Buckland.
  • To make some sketches and notes about 18 th/19th century science, society and art in their sketchbooks.

Children will:

  • Explain who the Bucklands were and what they did.
  • Start to analyse a piece of art.
  • Start using a sketchbook.

You Will Need

  • Sketchbooks
  • Tracing paper
  • Charcoal and chalk
  • Spray fixative / hairspray
  • Poster and watercolour paints
  • Graphite and coloured pencils
  • Books and magazines
  • Sticky tape and glue

Session 2 The first dinosaur

Objectives

Science

  • To recognise that living things have changed over time and that fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago.

Art

  • To improve their mastery of art and design techniques.

Teaching and Activities

Find out more about Buckland, his discovery of the first named dinosaur, the Megalosaurus, his other discoveries and his links to Mary Anning.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To create a dinosaur timeline in their sketchbooks.
  • To try out different ways of recording fossils in their sketchbooks.

Children will:

  • Summarise some of the early history of palaeontology and geology.
  • Research the dates dinosaurs lived and place them correctly on a timeline.
  • Use different techniques in their sketchbooks.

You Will Need

  • Laptops / tablets

Session 3 The Ice Age

Objectives

History

  • To continue to develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British history.

Science

  • To recognise that living things have changed over time and that fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth thousands of years ago.

Geography

  • To learn about physical characteristics of the UK and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time.

Art

  • To improve their mastery of art and design techniques.

Teaching and Activities

Make a timeline showing the Ice Ages and the Ice Age animals in Britain.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To place Ice Age animals and people on a timeline.
  • To find out about Ice Age animals from their fossils.
  • To create a phased map showing the affect of the ice sheet on Britain.
  • To try out different ways of recording Ice Age fossils in their sketchbooks.

Children will:

  • Place Ice Age animals on a timeline in their sketchbooks.
  • Understand how Ice Age animals differ from their modern relatives and why.

Provided Resources

  • Presentation: Buckland Family Ice Age Animals
  • Cenozoic Timeline
  • Cenozoic Timeline with examples
  • Why Were Ice Age Animals Bigger?
  • Equipment for the experiment (see session resources)

You Will Need

You do not need any particular resources for this session.

Session 4 Making fossils

Objectives

Art

  • To improve their mastery of art and design techniques.

Science

  • To learn about light travelling in straight lines and casting shadows.

Teaching and Activities

Make replica dinosaur and Ice Age fossils and experimental silhouettes.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To use art and design techniques to make replica fossils.
  • To experiment with ways of casting silhouettes.

Children will:

  • Use different techniques to make 3D artworks.
  • Try out making a silhouette.
  • Discuss the effects of light and shadow.

Provided Resources

  • Making Mammoth Tusks
  • Making Giant Deer Antlers
  • Making an Ammonite
  • An Example Silhouette

You Will Need

  • Craft materials
  • Clothes line
  • White sheet
  • Bright lamps

Session 5 Experimenting with silhouettes

Objectives

Science

  • To explore the idea that light travels in straight lines and objects cast shadows.

Art

  • To improve their mastery of art and design techniques.

Teaching and Activities

Try out three different ways of making silhouettes: casting shadows, using sun-printing and using a shadow theatre.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • Try out three different ways of making silhouettes: casting shadows, using sun-printing and using a shadow theatre.
  • To try out different ways of making silhouettes.

Children will:

  • Demonstrate their understanding of how shadows are made.
  • Describe how shadows are made.
  • Use different techniques to create silhouettes.

You Will Need

  • A large cardboard box / thick cardboard
  • Scissors
  • Tracing paper
  • Bright lamps
  • Black sugar paper
  • Chalk
  • Photosensitive paper
  • Acetate sheets
  • Cameras

Weblinks

There are no weblinks needed for this session.

Session 6 Making a silhouette

Objectives

Art

  • To improve their mastery of art and design techniques.

Teaching and Activities

Choose one method of making a silhouette, inspired by the Buckland picture, and record it using a camera or as a piece of art.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To go through a decision-making process using skills and knowledge they have gained and create a silhouette.

Children will:

  • Analyse the form and mood of a piece of art.
  • Make decisions based on previous experience and ideas about how to make a piece of art.
  • Work as a team to make a collaborative piece of art.

Provided Resources

This session does not need any provided resources.

You Will Need

  • Silhouette Stations (from Session 5)
  • Cameras

Weblinks

There are no weblinks needed for this session.

Session 7 Sharing the silhouettes

Objectives

English

  • To take part in presentations and write for a specific purpose.

Teaching and Activities

Label their silhouettes and plan an informative talk; then decide on a design for an exhibition and invite people to enjoy their work.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To write labels for their silhouettes and talk about them to an audience.

Children will:

  • Write labels for a piece of art.
  • Put on an exhibition.
  • Review their work and think about improvements for the future.

You Will Need

  • Pens
  • Sticky tack
  • Display boards