Changes within Living Memory
Food

Look at how our experience of food has changed over the last 100 years. Look into changes in our tastes, in the availability of food, and how different factors have affected these. The block will finish with inviting visitors to experience 100 years of food!

Session 1 Popular foods over the past 100 years

Objectives

History

  • Understand historical concepts such as continuity and change.
  • Learn about changes in living memory.
  • Identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods.

Geography

  • Name and locate the world’s seven continents.
  • Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify continents.

Teaching and Activities

Children will explore the idea that food and diets have changed over a number of years. They will learn about some of the regions that different foods come from.

Teaching Outcomes
To sort photos of popular meals from great-grandparents’ era to current time; To make a timeline of popular meals from great-grandparents’ era to current time.
To identify where different dishes have originated and match these to a map.

Children will:

  • Sort foods and dishes into eras according to when they were popular.
  • Create a timeline of ‘new’ dishes to the UK.
  • Stick images of popular dishes from around the world onto a map.

Provided Resources

  • Images of meals from different eras
  • Maps of the world
  • Dishes from around the world images

You Will Need

You do not need any particular resources for this session.

Weblinks

There are no weblinks needed for this session.

Session 2 Food origins and food miles

Objectives

History

  • Understand historical concepts such as continuity and change.
  • Learn about changes in living memory.
  • Identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods.

Geography

  • Name and locate the world’s seven continents.
  • Use world maps, atlases and globes.
  • Identify the UK and its countries, as well as other countries and continents.

Maths

  • Read, write and compare numbers to 100 in numerals.
  • Identify, represent and estimate numbers.
  • Compare and order lengths (distances).

Teaching and Activities

Children will further investigate the global sources of food and the changes in the UK food map. They will investigate and calculate food miles for some popular and common items.

Teaching Outcomes
To Identify food from different eras and find out where some of it originated.
To match food with its place of origin, using a map.
To estimate distances and order numbers up to 100.

Children will:

  • Compare shopping baskets from different eras.
  • Find out where some food from different eras originated from.
  • Stick images of food on a world map to show their place of origin.
  • Estimate distance in large numbers.
  • Read numbers to 100.

Provided Resources

  • Shopping baskets from different eras

You Will Need

  • Packets (with labels) of fruit and vegetables from all over the world
  • Differentiated fruit and vegetables labels
  • World map outlines

Session 3 Eating the seasons

Objectives

History

  • Understand historical concepts such as continuity and change.
  • Learn about changes in living memory.
  • Identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods.

Geography

  • Identify seasonal patterns in the UK.
  • Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to seasons and weather.

Design and Technology

  • Use the basic principles of a healthy and varied diet to prepare dishes.
  • Understand where food comes from.

Teaching and Activities

Children will investigate the idea of seasonality in food. They will use this knowledge to prepare a healthy, seasonal dish.

Teaching Outcomes
To explore and sort fruit and vegetables commonly eaten in great-grandparents’ era.
To sort British fruit and vegetables into the seasons in which they grow.
To make a seasonal soup or fruit salad.

Children will:

  • Look at fruit and vegetables commonly eaten in the past and relate them to seasons.
  • Sort seasonal food baskets for the UK into the correct season based on clues.
  • Design and make a seasonal soup or fruit salad.

Provided Resources

  • Seasonal tree photos
  • Seasonal fruit and vegetable charts
  • British fruit and vegetable images
  • Extract from Mrs Beeton’s 1909 Book of Household Management

You Will Need

You do not need any particular resources for this session.

Session 4 Treat detectives: a look at treats over the past 100 years

Objectives

History

  • Understand historical concepts such as continuity and change.
  • Learn about changes in living memory.
  • Identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods.

Design and Technology

  • Use the basic principles of a healthy and varied diet to prepare dishes.
  • Understand where food comes from.

Teaching and Activities

Children will investigate the recent history and changes in sweet treats! They will look at treats their grandparents and great-grandparents may have tasted and make some of these for themselves.

Teaching Outcomes
To explore sweet treats from past eras and create a timeline of sweet treats over the past 100 years.
To bake a treat from a different era.

Children will:

  • Identify and taste treats from their grea grandparents’, grandparents’ and parents’ childhoods.
  • Create a timeline of when various treat foods that are still around today were launched, based on clues.
  • Bake a treat from their great-grandparents’ or grandparents’ childhood.

Provided Resources

  • Generational timeline labels
  • Images of sweet treats
  • Time clues

You Will Need

  • Ingredients for baking
  • Equipment for baking: handheld whisks, non-plastic bowls

Session 5 Food during WW2: recipes and rationing

Objectives

History

  • Understand historical concepts such as continuity and change.
  • Learn about changes in living memory.
  • Identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods.

Geography

  • Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the UK and its countries.

Design and Technology

  • Use the basic principles of a healthy and varied diet to prepare dishes.
  • Understand where food comes from.

Teaching and Activities

Children will investigate the concept of rationing and the reasons behind it. They will explore some common recipes used during times of rationing.

Teaching Outcomes
To measure out and look at the amount of rationed food a family of four would have had during WW2.
To stick food images on a map according to their place of origin in the UK.
To bake a WW2 dish using rationed ingredients.

Children will:

  • Look at and measure out a family’s food for a week based on rationing quotas.
  • Stick images of rationed foods on a map showing their place of origin.
  • Prepare and bake a WW2 dish using rationed foods.

Provided Resources

  • Images of what an adult’s weekly rationed food would look like
  • Rations list for an adult
  • Images of rationed foods with UK regional labels
  • Blank map of UK
  • Map of UK with countries written on

You Will Need

  • Real foods that were rationed
  • Ingredients for baking
  • Equipment for baking (no plastic)

Session 6 Food of the future - cook some and see!

Objectives

History

  • Understand historical concepts such as continuity and change.
  • Learn about changes in living memory.
  • Identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods.

Design and Technology

  • Use the basic principles of a healthy and varied diet to prepare dishes.
  • Understand where food comes from.

English

  • Say sentences out loud before writing them.
  • Re-read what they have written to check that it makes sense.
  • Write for different purposes.

Teaching and Activities

Children will use the knowledge that both foods available and tastes have changed in order to think about what foods of the future might be like.

Teaching Outcomes
To identify the things that have influenced food trends in the past.
To prepare possible ‘future’ snacks and a drink, using seaweed.
To write a food review for a newspaper.

Children will:

  • Design a futuristic dish.
  • Prepare and make a futuristic dish.
  • Write a short food critic’s newspaper review.

Provided Resources

  • Photo images of possible foods of the future
  • Seaweed recipes and ingredients

You Will Need

You do not need any particular resources for this session.

Session 7 Shops and shopping over the past 100 years

Objectives

History

  • Understand historical concepts such as continuity and change.
  • Learn about changes in living memory.
  • Identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods.

English

  • Participate in role play.

Teaching and Activities

In this session, children will examine through role-play how shopping has changed over time and continues to change.

Teaching Outcomes
To sort images of shops and key shopping developments into historical eras.
To role play shopping in various eras.

Children will:

  • Sort images and key development statements of shops according to their era.
  • Match fictional shopping surveys to characters from different eras.
  • Role play shopping for when their great grandparents, grandparents and parents were children, as well as modern day shopping.

Provided Resources

  • Images of shops over the past 100 years
  • Key developments in shopping cards
  • Fictional shopping surveys
  • Props for shops role play starter list

You Will Need

You do not need any particular resources for this session.

Session 8 A look at the history of local shopping

Objectives

History

  • Understand historical concepts such as continuity and change.
  • Learn about changes in living memory.
  • Identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods.

Geography

  • Use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the key human features of the school’s surrounding environment.
  • Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to key human features, including: city, town, village, shop.
  • Use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human features.
  • Use and construct basic symbols in a key.

Maths

  • Represent numbers using pictorial representations, and use the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least.
  • Interpret and construct simple block diagrams.
  • Ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity.
  • Ask and answer questions about totalling and comparing data.

Teaching and Activities

Children will use this session to look at the local area, the distribution and type of shops, and how these have changed over time.

Teaching Outcomes
To compare shop uses in the local area across different eras.
To look for, identify, and record local shops on a map.
To create block charts with local area information.

Children will:

  • Go for a walk in the local area and map any shops selling food.
  • Classify food shops according to what they specifically sell.
  • Compare current shops to shops in the past from the local area.
  • Display the information on a block diagram.

You Will Need

  • Local area map from local library or museum

Session 9 '100 Years of Food' festival

Objectives

History

  • Understand historical concepts such as continuity and change.
  • Learn about changes in living memory.
  • Identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods.

Geography

  • Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the UK and its countries.

Design and Technology

  • Use the basic principles of a healthy and varied diet to prepare dishes; to understand where food comes from.

Teaching and Activities

Children will draw their learning together and invite visitors into the classroom to experience 100 years of food!

Teaching Outcomes
To talk about food, shops and shopping in various eras
To stick images of food on a map to show where they originated from
To prepare a dish or snack from an era over the past 100 years

Children will:

  • Prepare and make a popular dish from a different era.
  • Create a timeline of dishes made using photos of their cooking.
  • Identify the geographical origins of food on a map.
  • Share food and talk about food and shopping over time with festival visitors.

Provided Resources

This session does not need any provided resources.

You Will Need

  • Food: ingredients, recipes and equipment from previous sessions
  • Photos of shops and food from different eras taken from previous sessions
  • ‘Stalls’ for each era