Earth Matters

Block C - Mountains

This topic is an excellent introduction to the key aspects of physical Geography that children need to understand and describe in KS2. The children gain a thorough knowledge of the water cycle, coasts and rivers, mountains, volcanoes, earthquakes, climate zones and biomes through applying the knowledge gained from their research in practical tasks such as model making, drama, artwork and dance.

Study the physical geography of mountains and mountain ranges, their formation, some famous expeditions and also mountain biodiversity.  They will create a range of artefacts including mountain models, a class world map and a freeze-frame drama that will culminate in a ‘Mountain Exhibition’ for other children.

This Topic is written for Upper Key Stage 2. If you want to use this Topic for a different Key Stage, you will need to consider how to adapt the outcomes, content, delivery methods, resources and differentiation, as well as the relevant National Curriculum objectives.

Supporting documents for topic
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01: What is a mountain? How are mountains formed?

Learn about the formation of the five different types of mountains by exploring simple models.

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02: Where in the world are mountains and mountain ranges?

Locate key mountains and mountains ranges; research their key features and create a class world map.

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03: Why do people climb mountains?

Research famous mountain explorers, three historic mountain expeditions and their outcomes.

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04: Research and re-enact a famous mountain expedition

Research a famous expedition in depth, perform and photograph a freeze-frame drama that conveys the expedition and its outcomes.

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05: Climate change and the impact of human activity on the mountain environment

Develop your understanding of climate change and how the mountain environment can be endangered by human activity. Find out about eco-tourism and how it can help protect mountains.

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06: Endangered animal and plant species in the mountain environment

Learn about the ways that plants and animals are adapted to the mountain environment and how they can be protected.

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07: Create a model mountian or mountain range

Create a labelled model of a particular mountain or mountain range, drawing on the knowledge gained during this block.

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08: Create a mountain exhibition for an audience

Put together a class ‘Mountain Exhibition’ about mountain ranges, their formation, famous mountain expeditions and the protection of mountain biodiversity.