Earth Matters

Block B - The Water Cycle and Rivers

This topic is an excellent introduction to the key aspects of physical Geography that children need to understand and describe in KS2. The children gain a thorough knowledge of the water cycle, coasts and rivers, mountains, volcanoes, earthquakes, climate zones and biomes through applying the knowledge gained from their research in practical tasks such as model making, drama, artwork and dance.

In these model-making sessions, children will learn about the water cycle, rivers and the effect they have on the landscape. They will look at how rain finds its way into rivers and how rivers develop from the source to entering the sea.

This Topic is written for Upper Key Stage 2. If you want to use this Topic for a different Key Stage, you will need to consider how to adapt the outcomes, content, delivery methods, resources and differentiation, as well as the relevant National Curriculum objectives.

Supporting documents for topic
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01: The water cycle

Recreate the water cycle and its features in a simple experiment.

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02: How do rivers get their water?

Recreate a mountain range (river source); learn about watershed and the terms associated with water travelling to rivers.

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03: From source to sea part 1

Make a model showing a river’s source and a V-shaped valley; begin to identity the different stages of a river from sea to source.

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04: From source to sea part 2

Make a mature, meandering river and floodplain out of modroc in order to consolidate your knowledge of the different stages of a river.

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05: Living on a floodplain

Finish the block by discussing how human activity affects floodplains and understand the importance of flood management systems.