WW2 in Europe & the Battle of Britain
Home Front

What happened to ordinary people and children during the war? Learn about the home front, the rationing, digging for victory, ‘make do and mend’, Dad’s Army, the Land girls and the role of women during the war, the Blitz and the experience of evacuee children. Understand about the use of propaganda and censorship. Design war posters and make gas masks, identity papers and ration books. Role-play home front scenarios. Record your efforts using photography.

Session 1 Digging for victory!

Objectives

History

  • Continue to develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of Britain, local and world history, establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study.
  • Study an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066 – a significant turning point in British history.

Art

  • Produce creative work, exploring their ideas and recording their experiences.

Teaching and Activities

Understand the reasons behind rationing and the impact of this upon the British people. Investigate the Dig for Victory campaign and design your own posters!

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To research the work of the Home Front, including food rations.
  • To understand the rationale behind the ‘Dig For Victory’ propaganda campaign and research the extent to which the public spaces of Britain were used for allotments.
  • To design war posters in the style of the ‘Dig for Victory’ campaign.

Children will:

  • Understand the impact of food rations and the rationale behind the ‘Dig For Victory’ campaign.
  • Understand the extent to which the public spaces of Britain were used for allotments.
  • Design war posters in the style of the ‘Dig for Victory’ campaign.

You Will Need

  • Resources for your seed planting - seed packets, small containers, compost, lolly sticks, jug for watering

Session 2 Make do and mend

Objectives

History

  • Continue to develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of Britain, local and world history, establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study.
  • Study an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066 – a significant turning point in British history.

Design and Technology

  • Use research and develop design criteria to inform the design of innovative, functional, appealing products that are fit for purpose.

Teaching and Activities

Learn about the ‘Make Do and Mend’ campaign and what this could mean for civilians in Britain.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To understand the reasoning behind the slogan ‘Make do and Mend’ and research clothes rationing and war shortages.
  • To learn how to darn a sock.

Children will:

  • Understand the reasoning behind the slogan ‘Make do and Mend’ and research clothes rationing and war shortages.
  • Learn how to darn a sock.

You Will Need

  • Socks with holes (and spare socks)
  • 3d shape – ovoid or sphere (or similar shaped container from home)
  • Wool or thick thread
  • Needle

Session 3 Dad's Army and land girls

Objectives

History

  • Continue to develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of Britain, local and world history, establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study.
  • Study an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066 – a significant turning point in British history.

Design and Technology

  • Use research and develop design criteria to inform the design of innovative, functional, appealing products that are fit for purpose.

Teaching and Activities

Investigate some of the roles that civilians filled at home to help out in the war effort.

Teahcing Outcomes:

  • To research the life of civilians at home and understand and discuss the important role civilian women played during the war.
  • To make a Home Guard helmet.

Children will:

  • Research the life of civilians at home, including the Dad’s Army and Land Girls.
  • Understand and discuss the important role civilian women played during the war.
  • Make a Home Guard helmet.

You Will Need

  • Strips of Modroc
  • Plastic helmet or bowl
  • Warm water
  • Black or green paint
  • Paint brushes
  • Card

Session 4 The life of an evacuee

Objectives

History

  • Continue to develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of Britain, local and world history, establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study.
  • Study an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066 – a significant turning point in British history.

Teaching and Activities

Learn about the evacuation of children during World War 2 and become evacuees!

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To understand what life was like for evacuees living in the and learn about why evacuation happened.

Children will:

  • Understand what life was like for evacuees living in the country and explore the emotions felt by evacuated children and their families.
  • Learn about why evacuation happened and where children were sent to live.
  • Learn about what children were told to pack and how to prepare for life as an evacuee.

You Will Need

  • String
  • Internet access
  • Old coat
  • Safety pins
  • Carrots
  • Lolly sticks
  • Ingredients for war time recipes (if necessary)