# Maths Year 5/6 Autumn Multiplication and Division

Each unit has everything you need to teach a set of related skills and concepts.

## Written multiplication strategies(suggested as 5 days)

### Planning and Activities

Day 1 Teaching
Remind Y5 how to use the grid method to multiply 3-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers, and how to round to approximate answers.
Further Teaching with Y6
Write 5 × 2326, 4 × 3943, 6 × 2082 and ask children to estimate which will have the largest answer. Model estimating and also short multiplication; draw comparisons.
Group Activities: T with Y6
Y5 -- Whole year group investigation: work in groups to find the 3-digit × 1-digit multiplication with the biggest and smallest answers.
Y6 -- Move from using the grid method to short multiplication, using ‘friendly’ digits. Investigate arranging the digits in a multiplication to give the largest answer, then the smallest.

Day 2 Teaching
Teach Y5 short multiplication (3-digit × 1-digit), comparing with grid multiplication. Show Y6 examples, 4-digit by 1-digit. Tell Y5 this is the same method, just with more digits.
Group Activities: T with Y5
Y5 -- Multiply using short multiplication. Identify ranges of multiples of 100 for multiplications and say which multiple of 100 will be nearer.
Y6 -- Write multiplications with answers in given ranges. Estimate which multiplications will give the smallest and largest answers and use short multiplication to find exact answers.

Day 3 Teaching
Use short multiplication to estimate how many drinks and meals might be consumed in a year.
Further Teaching with Y6
Use short multiplication to find the cost of three presents (4-digit prices).
Group Activities: T with Y6
Use the in-depth problem-solving investigation for this unit ‘Excellent eights’ as today’s group activity.
Or, use these activities:
Y5 -- Use the grid method and short multiplication to multiply 3-digit by 1-digit numbers.
Y6 -- Estimate and calculate the exact cost of buying 3 items (3-digit prices). Some children will calculate target spends between £50 and £100.

Day 4 Teaching
Model using the grid method to multiply 2-digit numbers by teens numbers, then by numbers between 20 and 30, stressing what is being calculated on each row.
Group Activities: T with Y5
Y5 -- Partition rectangles to find areas, link to the grid method. Multiply 2-digit numbers by 24 using the grid method.
Y6 -- Multiplication investigation swapping 1s digits of 2-digit numbers.

Day 5 Teaching
Consolidate setting out the grid method to multiply pairs of 2-digit numbers. Discuss which will have largest/smallest answer.
Further Teaching with Y6
Discuss and show how to use the grid method to calculate 17 × 234 and 27 × 234. Children then find 43 × 345.
Group Activities: T with Y6
Y5 -- Create multiplications of 2-digit numbers with answers in given ranges.
Y6 -- Use the digits 3, 4 and 5 in any order to make a 3-digit number and multiply it by 16, then 26. Create multiplications with a target answer of 15,000.

### You Will Need

• Mini-whiteboards and pens
• Digit cards
• Flipchart and pens
• ‘Multiplying 3-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers’ (see resources)
• ‘Multiplying 4-digit by 1-digit numbers’ (see resources)
• ‘Oscar’s online gifts’ (see resources)
• ‘Written multiplication practice’ (see resources)
• ‘Greta’s online gifts’ (see resources)
• cm2 paper

### Short Mental Workouts

Day 1
6, 60, 7 and 70 times tables

Day 2
Times tables

Day 3
Find the time later using the 24-hour clock

Day 4
Multiply by 20

Day 5
Multiply pairs of multiples of 10, and 10s by 100s.

### Worksheets

Day 1
Y5: Multiply 3-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers (grid method).
Y6: Multiply 3-digit numbers then 4-digit by 1-digit numbers (short multiplication).

Day 2
Y5: Multiply 3-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers (short or grid multiplication).
Y6: Short multiplication.

Day 3
Y5: Multiply 3-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers (short multiplication).
Y6: Use short multiplication to multiply amounts of money.

Day 4
Y5: Multiply 2-digit numbers by numbers between 10 and 30 using the grid method.
Y6: Multiply pairs of 2-digit numbers together using the grid method.

Day 5
Y5: Multiply pairs of 2-digit numbers together using the grid method.
Y6: Multiply 3-digit numbers by 2-digit numbers using the grid method.

### Mastery: Reasoning and Problem-Solving

Y5

• Find the product of 274 and 6 using two different methods. Do your answers agree?
• Explain how you can calculate 235 × 4 mentally. Now check your answer using short multiplication.
• Fill in the missing digits:
 8 4 ☐ x ☐ ☐ ☐ 0 5
• Write a multiplication of one 3-digit number by 6 where the last two digits of the product are consecutive (e.g. 5, 6).

Y6

• Maya says that 2578 × 4 gives the same product as 8 × 1289. Is she correct? Demonstrate why/why not. Multiply 1386 by 9. Write the product. Add the same number (1386) to the product. What do you notice?Repeat with 2547 × 9, adding 2547 to the product. Explain what happens. Could you use this to make finding the product easier?
• Write the missing digits in this multiplication:
3 6 ☐ 2 × 8 = ☐ 9 ☐ 3 6

In-depth investigation: Excellent Eights
Children explore patterns when multiplying numbers with consecutive digits by 8.

### Extra Support

Y5: Grid Luck
Using the grid method to multiply 2-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers.

Y6: Greatest Grid Gurus
Using the grid method to multiply 3-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers.