Maths Year 1 Autumn Money and Time

Each unit has everything you need to teach a set of related skills and concepts.

Coins to 10p: identify & exchange (suggested as 3 days)

Planning and Activities

Day 1 Teaching
Give each pair a pot of coins, 1p, 2p, 5p, 10p (real). Show a large mock coin. Children show same coin from their pot. Show 2p coin. This is worth the same as 2 pennies. Repeat for 5p and 10p. Show 5p and 1p. How much money? How many pennies can I swap it for? Repeat 5p and 2p.
Group Activities
-- Find coins in the sand tray. Who has the most treasure?
-- Swap pennies for larger amounts.

Day 2 Teaching
Hide a large coin behind a ‘wall’ and gradually reveal. Can children guess it? Rehearse coins to 10p. Make amounts using 1p, 2p, 5p and 10p coins in different ways.
Group Activities
Use the ‘Make 20’ in-depth problem-solving investigation below as today’s group activity.
Or, use these activities:
-- Add two coins together and write number sentences.
-- Buy items from a shop that need more than 1 coin.

Day 3 Teaching
Show children items from a class shop with price tags: 4p, 7p, 9p, 10p and 12p. Discuss what coins could be used to pay for each. Use counting on from the first coin to check totals.
Group Activities
-- Find different combinations to make money amounts.

You Will Need

  • Lots of real coins 1p, 2p, 5p and 10p
  • Large mock coins or Interactive Whiteboard coins
  • Pots for children
  • Sand tray
  • Paintbrushes
  • Pieces of card
  • Toys or classroom objects with price tags

Mental/Oral Maths Starters

Day 1
Count on 1 or 2 (pre-requisite skills)

Suggested for Day 2
Compare 1–10 (simmering skills)

Suggested for Day 3
Count on 1 or 2 (simmering skills)


Day 1
Ring pennies for each coin amount and write the total.

Day 2
Add two coins together and write as a number sentence.

Day 3
Find different ways to pay for amounts up to 10p.

Mastery: Reasoning and Problem-Solving

  • Find a coin which …
    is less than 2p
    is 5p more than 5p
    has a value in between 2p and 10p
  • Draw the number of 1p coins each coin is worth.
  • Challenge
    Put at least one coin in each place on the table.
not round

In-depth Investigation: Make 20
Children use coins and number shapes to make a total of 20.

Extra Support

Identifying coins (10p, 5p, 20p, 1p); Exchanging coins for their value in pennies