Maths Reception Spring Comparison and Measures

Each week-long unit has everything you need to teach a set of related skills and concepts. ‘Maths Out Loud’ provides essential whole-class practice of counting and repetitive chants, rhymes and songs, along with a linked story to enjoy together.

The three remaining sections provide a choice of activities to target the key characteristics of effective early learning. Through ‘Exploring and Playing’, children will engage with their peers and their environment. ‘Active Learning’ should promote the motivation needed to be involved and to keep trying. Many of the activities suggested in ‘Creating and Thinking Critically’ support early development of children’s problem-solving and reasoning skills.

‘UNIT PLAN’ gives you a text version of all parts of the unit to use in your school planning documentation. ‘DOWNLOAD ALL FILES’ gives you that unit plan plus all of the associated documents. The downloads in each section of the first unit are free to download for all users. However these bulk downloads are only available to Hamilton Friends and School Subscribers, representing added value for those users.

Unit 1 Comparing weights (suggested as 5 days)

Objectives

Comparing weights

Unit 1: ID# R577

Development Matters

Counts objects to 10, and beginning to count beyond 10.
Uses the language of ‘more’ and ‘fewer’ to compare two sets of objects.
Orders two items by weight or capacity.

Early Learning Goals

Counts reliably with numbers from one to 20, places them in order and says which number is one more or one less than a given number.
Uses everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to solve problems.
Explores characteristics of everyday objects and shapes and uses mathematical language to describe them.

Hamilton Objectives

9. Use the language of ‘greater’ and ‘less than’ and ‘more’ and ‘fewer’ to compare two sets of objects.

You Will Need

Exploring and Playing

Four cans of different weights, e.g. anchovies, tuna, 200g beans and 450g soup; bucket/rocker balance; four different coloured pots/ paper cups; sand; cotton wool; pasta; dried beans; saucers; digital camera; ‘heavy’ and ‘light’ cards to write names; pens; items to wrap, e.g. boxes, packages or toys; wrapping paper; scissors; tape.

Active Learning

Watermelon (which will fit in the bucket balance); lettuce and other fruit and vegetables of different weights; bucket/rocker balance; blindfold; small bag of sugar and a larger bag of cotton wool; tins of food of different weights; a bag of cotton wool and a bag of potatoes of roughly same size; a stone and apple of similar sizes; a spring scale (see Active Learning download); a toy car; an orange; flipchart and pens.

Creating and Thinking Critically

Two shopping bags; food items of various weights; bucket/rocker balance; soft toy; boxes, brown paper, tape, scissors; 500g weight; sign with prices; pound coins; a spring scale (see instructions below plan); fruits and vegetables which will fit in the baskets; flipchart; strong tape.

Maths Out Loud

Counting

Sit children in a circle. Count in 1s around the circle. Children raise their arms when they say their number - as you do in a ‘Mexican wave’; then count back again.

Repeat, starting elsewhere in the circle.

Chants/Rhymes/Songs

Sing a song which practises counting backwards, e.g. Ten green bottles. Children can join in with this animated version.

Story

Mighty Maddie by Stuart J. Murphy

Exploring and Playing

  1. Can comparison
  2. Mystery pots
  3. Heavy/light challenge
  4. Presents

Active Learning

  1. Fruit and veg
  2. See-saw weighing
  3. Be the balance!
  4. How low will it go?

Creating and Thinking Critically

  1. Shopping bags
  2. Heavier or lighter?
  3. Post Office
  4. Feel the stretch

Unit 2 Measuring weights (suggested as 5 days)

Objectives

Measuring weights

Unit 2: ID# R599

Development Matters

Counts objects to 10, and beginning to count beyond 10.
Selects the correct numeral to represent 1 to 5, then 1 to 10 objects.
Finds one more or one less from a group of up to five objects, then ten objects.
Orders two items by weight or capacity.

Early Learning Goals

Counts reliably with numbers from one to 20, places them in order and says which number is one more or one less than a given number.
Uses everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to solve problems.
Explores characteristics of everyday objects and shapes and uses mathematical language to describe them.

Hamilton Objectives

9. Use the language of ‘greater’ and ‘less than’ and ‘more’ and ‘fewer’ to compare two sets of objects.
26. ELG: Begin to measure using repeated uniform units, e.g. conkers or egg-cups.

You Will Need

Exploring and Playing

A selection of as many balances/scales as you can find; catalogues; sticky notes; bucket/rocker balance; Duplo® bricks; a range of small toys, e.g. play people, animals, cars, trains, gems, or natural materials, e.g. pine cones, conkers, acorns, shells, small pebbles etc; scales; baby dolls; clipboard; paper and pens; soft toy animals.

Active Learning

Three shoes; bucket/rocker balance; wooden bricks/counting dinosaurs; sticky notes; apple, orange (heavier than the apple); reasonably uniform small pebbles; reasonably uniform big pebbles; marbles (or other uniform, small, heavy objects); items heavier and lighter than 20 marbles; 5 equal-sized carrots; 5 paper bags; wooden bricks (or other items such that 5 carrots weigh about 20 objects); toy Rabbit; sticky labels.

Creating and Thinking Critically

Bucket/rocker balance; weights; ingredients for a simple recipe, e.g. cheese scones or cookies; 5-20 cards; access to the sand pit; small spade; bricks, e.g. Duplo®; playdough; boards; multilink cubes; >500g each of several types of bulbs; paper bags.

Maths Out Loud

Counting

Show children 1-10 on the washing line. Give each child a number card from 1 to 10.

Point to 5 on washing line. Hold up your number if it is more than 5! Hold up your number if it is less than 5!

Repeat with other numbers.

Chants/Rhymes/Songs

Sing ‘One potato, two potatoes’ or this variation: ‘One tomato, two tomatoes’ . Discuss which numbers are more than 6.

Story

How to Weigh an Elephant by Bob Barner

Exploring and Playing

  1. Weighty pictures
  2. Toy balance
  3. Baby clinic
  4. At the vet

Active Learning

  1. Shoes
  2. Fair weighing
  3. How many marbles?
  4. Rabbit’s lunch

Creating and Thinking Critically

  1. Bake-off
  2. Builders’ merchants
  3. Worm weighing
  4. Flower bulbs

Unit 3 Time (suggested as 5 days)

Objectives

Time

Unit 3: ID# R613

Development Matters

Recognises some numerals of key significance.
Says the number that is one more than a given number.
Uses everyday language related to time.
Orders and sequences familiar events.
Measures short periods of time in simple ways.

Early Learning Goals

Counts reliably with numbers from one to 20, places them in order and says which number is one more or one less than a given number.
Uses everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to solve problems.

Hamilton Objectives

27. ELG: Use everyday language to sequence events and to compare durations (e.g. after two sleeps, all afternoon); understand that we can measure time.
28. Recognise the common units of time (minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, years).

You Will Need

Exploring and Playing

Catalogues; Sticky notes; scissors; old watches (preferably both digital and analogue examples); thin card; felt-tipped pens; tape; geared analogue clock.

Active Learning

What’s the Time, Mr Wolf? by Debi Gliori (or same title by Annie Kubler); geared analogue clock; a long strip of paper; 13 cards; clock stamp; a story about days of the week, e.g. Oliver’s Vegetables by Vivian French; washing line and 7 pegs; days of the week cards; puppet; A Busy Year by Leo Lionni; month cards; balloon-shaped cards.

Creating and Thinking Critically

Geared analogue clock; digital clock; long strip of paper for the timeline; smaller pieces of paper for children’s pictures; 12 cards with times to the hour written as 8 o’clock (see resources), small clocks; bread; eggs; water; 4 different egg/sand timers (e.g. 3, 4, 5 and 6 minutes); saucepan; access to a hob and toaster; plates and cutlery; 4 egg cups (optional).

Maths Out Loud

Counting/ Talk

  • Use an analogue then digital clock to support counting on in steps of one hour from 8 o’clock in the morning to 8 o’clock in the evening.
  • Make a visual timetable to keep track of regular events in the school day – take photos with the children. Once familiar with the timetable, take off all the pictures, muddle them up, and ask children to help you sort them back into order! First, we have lunch, then we wash our hands. Oh, isn’t that right? Why not? Is it right that we go home at the beginning of the day?
  • Talk about day of the week at register time: What day comes after today? What day was it yesterday? What day comes after/before Tuesday? How many sleeps is it until the weekend/our outing?

Chants/Rhymes/Songs

Sing a song to help children to learn days of the week in order, e.g.

Days of the week singalong or Days of the week song.

Begin to explore o’clock times by singing the traditional rhyme ‘Hickory Dickory Dock’. Sing along with this version featuring lots of different animals, that has a surprise ending: Hickory Dickory…Crash!

Story

Explore the order of events during the day by reading Frog and Toad Together: A List by Arnold Lobel. There is an on-screen version of this available too.

Read a story book about months, e.g. Month by Month, A Year Goes Round by Carol Diggory Shields or Maisy’s Seasons by Lucy Cousins.

Exploring and Playing

  1. Clock collage
  2. Make a watch
  3. Is that the time?
  4. Clock jigsaw

Active Learning

  1. What’s the Time, Mr Wolf?
  2. Daily drama
  3. Muddled days
  4. All through the year