Short Blocks

Maths Year 4 Spring Addition & Subtraction

Each unit has everything you need to teach a set of related skills and concepts.

Adding money using column addition (suggested as 2 days)

Planning and Activities

Day 1 Teaching
Remind children how to use expanded addition to add £3.24 and £2.58. Ask children to work out 324 + 258 using compact addition. Point out that this is also how we can add two amounts of money. Share other examples, e.g. £5.45 + £3.25; £4.17 + £2.76.
Group Activities
-- Use expanded addition and compact addition to add amounts of money.

Day 2 Teaching
Ask children to use both expanded and compact addition to work out £4.62 + £2.75, and £5.58 and £5.75 and to check that they get the same answer. Discuss how we leave a space above the answer to write the extra 10ps and £s.
Group Activities
Use the ‘Present Prices’ in-depth problem-solving investigation below as today’s group activity.
Or, use these activities:
-- Use expanded addition and compact addition to add 3-digit numbers.
-- Choose which method to use to add amounts of money.

You Will Need

  • On board practice 1 (see resources)
  • On board practice 2 (see resources)
  • 1p, 10p and £1 coins
  • Flipchart

Mental/Oral Maths Starters

Day 1
Add any pair of 2-digit numbers (pre-requisite skills)

Day 2
Use place value to add and subtract (pre-requisite skills)


Day 1
Find missing numbers in column additions of money.

Day 2
Use expanded addition and compact addition to add amounts of money.

Mastery: Reasoning and Problem-Solving

  • Complete these additions, using expanded column addition.
    (i) £5.78 + £4.22
    (ii) £2.56 + £7.44
    (iii) £3.17 + £6.83
    Did you notice a pattern?
    Can you write two more additions like this?
  • Is a column addition calculation the most efficient way to find: £4.99 + £7.46, £8.06 + £8.06, £4.31 + £5.69?
  • Write the missing numbers in this calculation:
  • If £3.47 is subtracted from a number to leave £3.85, what was the number?

In-depth Investigation: Present Prices
Children use logic and addition, along with some trial and improvement to solve a problem involving money.

Extra Support

Pocket Money
Adding two prices with a total of more than £1 using partitioning