Living Things and Their Habitats

Science Year 6 Classification Connoisseurs

Take part in classification training, gaining credits along the way to gain your Classification Connoisseur qualification. Discover Linnaeus’ classic system and identify a range of living things. Your training culminates in the design of your own new creatures that fit within Linnaeus’ system.

Session 1 Finding Linnaeus

Objectives

Meet the father of classification and have a look at his classic system still used today.

Science Objectives
i) Describe how living things are classified into broad groups according to common observable characteristics and based on similarities and differences, including microorganisms, plants and animals.

ii) Give reasons for classifying plants and animals based on specific characteristics.

Working Scientifically

  1. Plan different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions.
  2. Record results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, and classification keys.
  3. Report and present findings from enquiries, including conclusions, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations.
  4. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.

Extended Writing Opportunity
Chronological report or persuasive writing: Write a chronological report about the life and work of Carl Linnaeus or a persuasive piece of writing arguing why he is one of the greatest scientists.

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Know who Linnaeus was and learn about his classification system.
  • Explore classification systems, understanding that they group according to similarities and differences.

Activities

  1. Meet Linnaeus and learn about his classification system.
  2. Create classification routes for a range of living things, identifying relatedness.

Vocabulary
Classification, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species, Linnaeus, opinion, similarities, differences

Session 2 Odd one out

Objectives

Can you win at ‘odd one out’? If you can, you are well on your way to becoming a classification connoisseur. Try your hand at using branching classification keys to see if you can unlock the subtle differences between certain plants and animals.

Science Objectives
i) Describe how living things are classified into broad groups according to common observable characteristics and based on similarities and differences, including microorganisms, plants and animals.

ii) Give reasons for classifying plants and animals based on specific characteristics.

Working Scientifically

  1. Record data and results of increasing complexity using classification keys.
  2. Report and present findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations.
  3. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Identify similarities and differences between living things in order to determine their classification.
  • Use classification keys to sort living things according to observable characteristics.

Activities

  1. Play an odd one out game and identify similarities and differences between animal, micro-organism and plant classifications.
  2. Group animals, microorganisms and plants into broad groups then sub groups according to observable features.

Vocabulary
Classification, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species, Linnaeus, classification key, opinion, similarities, differences, group, observations, support, refute

Session 3 The sweetness of classification

Objectives

Have a go at coming up with your own feature-led sweets classification system then apply your classification knowledge and skills as you start creating more challenging zoological classification keys.

Science Objectives
i) Describe how living things are classified into broad groups according to common observable characteristics and based on similarities and differences, including microorganisms, plants and animals.

ii) Give reasons for classifying plants and animals based on specific characteristics.

Working Scientifically

  1. Plan different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary.
  2. Record data and results of increasing complexity using classification keys.
  3. Report and present findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations.

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Develop classification keys.
  • Test out classification key, identifying potential flaws.

Activities

  1. Create a feature-led sweet classification system.
  2. Design and test out a classification key for birds, bees or butterflies.

Investigation - sorting and classifying
Make a classification system for sweets.
Group animals, microorganisms and plants and identify ‘odd ones out’.

Vocabulary
Classification, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species, Linnaeus, branching classification key, opinion, similarities, differences, group, observations, support, refute

Session 4 Classification in your back yard

Objectives

Gain your next qualification credit as you begin to put your classification skills to work: collect, record, classify and name some of the botanical beauties found on your doorstep.

Science Objectives
i) Give reasons for classifying plants and animals based on specific characteristics.

Working Scientifically

  1. Record results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels and classification keys.
  2. Report and present findings from enquiries in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations.

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Observe, research and record features of a range of leaves found in their local environment.
  • Design a key to classify leaves found in their local environment.
  • Sketch a tree and its corresponding leaf in the style of a botanical illustration.

Activities

  1. Observe and record features and names of leaves found in their local environment.
  2. Design and test classification keys to classify leaves found in their local environment.

Investigation - exploring, sorting and classifying
Observe, record and classify local area living things.

Vocabulary
Classification, classification key, opinion, similarities, differences, group, observations

Session 5 Quirky creatures

Objectives

The world is awash with unusual creatures, plants and organisms that need to be classified. Your studying is entering its advanced stages now and you need to show application of your skills.

Science Objectives
i) Describe how living things are classified into broad groups according to common observable characteristics and based on similarities and differences, including microorganisms, plants and animals.

ii) Give reasons for classifying plants and animals based on specific characteristics.

Working Scientifically

  1. Report and present findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations.
  2. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.

Extended Writing Opportunity
Non-chronological report: Research some unusual living things and write up all findings in the form of a 'fact file'.

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Describe the key characteristics of unusual living things from around the world.
  • Use descriptions of features, and online research, to attempt to classify unusual living things.

Activities

  1. Write scientific descriptions of unusual living things from around the world.
  2. Classify unusual living things using their descriptions and online research.

Investigation - sorting and classifying
Classify unusual creatures and plants.

Vocabulary
Classification, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species, classification key, micro-organism, organism, opinion, similarities, differences, group, observations, support, refute

Session 6 New creature feature

Objectives

This is your opportunity to apply your skills and develop your drawing skills further to complement your classification skills. Can you push your qualification to distinction level as you design your own ‘new’ creatures to fit into the Animalia classification system?

Science Objectives
i) Describe how living things are classified into broad groups according to common observable characteristics and based on similarities and differences, including microorganisms, plants and animals.

ii) Give reasons for classifying plants and animals based on specific characteristics.

Working Scientifically

  1. Record data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, and classification keys.
  2. Report and present findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations.
  3. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.

Other Curriculum Areas
Art

  • Improve mastery of drawing using pencils

You Will Need

Provided Resources

  • Genus arguments for the Hog-Nosed Shrew Rat
  • Horse/unicorn classification route/s and pictures
  • Animalia classes/classification system

Weblinks
Snapshot Serengeti from www.snapshotserengeti.org

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Design, describe and name a new creature that characteristically sits within the Animalia classification.
  • Sort ‘new’ creatures within the Animalia taxonomy.
  • Sketch a detailed creature based on known characteristics and imagination.

Activities

  1. Design, describe, name and sketch a new creature that sits within a known classification route.
  2. Sort ‘new’ creatures within the Animalia classification system.

Investigation - sorting and classifying
Design a ‘new’ creature that fits within a specific classification.
Debate reasons for classifying living things as we do.

Vocabulary
Classification, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species, taxonomy, opinion, similarities, differences, group, observations