Animals Including Humans

Science Year 6 The Art of Being Human

The link between the arts and science has always been a complex one, but you are going to create an exhibition of art work that not only reflects the beautiful complexity of the human body but also acts as an accurate and informative presentation of the complex systems that help make us human. You will need to exhibit your art for others to see and learn from.

Session 1 Blood composition and function

Objectives

Explore the composition of blood and the role it has to play in the human body. Create a painting of blood as seen under a powerful microscope and include a detailed description to accompany it.

Science Objectives
i) Identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system, and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood.

Working Scientifically

  1. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.

Other Curriculum Areas
Art

  • Create sketch books to record their observations and use them to review and revisit ideas. Improve their mastery of art and design techniques, including drawing and painting.

Extended Writing Opportunity
Information/explanation text: Create an information leaflet for a doctor's surgery explaining the composition of blood and the role it has to play in the human body.

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Identify the components of blood, describe their functions, and note the different blood groups.
  • Note and name the three types of blood vessel.
  • Sketch blood cells, showing texture and form.
  • Select appropriate paint to create a fine art painting of blood cells showing texture and form.

Activities

  1. Identify and describe components of blood and their respective functions, noting the different blood groups.
  2. Sketch and paint magnified blood cells using texture and form.
  3. Be able to name the three types of blood vessel: arteries, veins and capillaries

Vocabulary
Blood, blood vessels, arteries, veins, capillaries, heart, pumps, oxygen, carbon dioxide, lungs, nutrients, water

Session 2 The heart

Objectives

Explore the structure and function of the human heart before creating your own heart sculptures. Can you feel the rhythm of your heartbeat? Discover how and why it changes across activity and compare human heartbeats with those of other animals. Create your own sound installation to celebrate the inner rhythm in us all.

Science Objectives
i) Identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood.

Working Scientifically

  1. Plan different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary.
  2. Report and present findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of results.
  3. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.

Other Curriculum Areas
Art

  • Create sketch books to record their observations and use them to review and revisit ideas. Improve mastery of art and design techniques, including sculpture using clay.

Extended Writing Opportunity
Descriptive writing: Collect words to describe the impact on their bodies of physical exertion and use these to write a short passage describing how you might feel if being chased/trying to win an important race/preparing to go on stage.

You Will Need

Provided Resources

  • Heart jigsaw
  • Heart images and diagrams
  • Heart sculpture images
  • Heart rate sheet
  • Clay techniques sheet
  • Heart rate challenges
  • Clay and sculpting tools
  • Stopwatches

Additional resources

  • Clay and sculpting tools
  • Stopwatches

Weblinks
How does a healthy heart work? from www.bhf.org.uk
The heart and how it works from www.bbc.co.uk
Animation of heartbeat from https://en.wikipedia.org
Animation and 3D echocardiogram of heartbeat) from https://en.wikipedia.org
Heartbeat, Science Museum of Minnesota from www.smm.org
Interactive heart from www.pbs.org

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Explore the structure and function of the human heart.
  • Investigate and understand that heart size and speed relates to age, fitness and activity and can be improved.
  • Use a range of techniques to create an anatomically accurate clay heart sculpture.

Activities

  1. Explore the structure and function of the human heart.
  2. Create anatomically correct sculptures of a heart.
  3. Investigate and recreate heartrates for varying levels of exertion, giving explanations for observations.

Investigation - observing over time, fair testing, exploring, pattern seeking, analysing secondary sources
Heart rates and physical exertion - a dramatic representation.
Circulatory system sculptures.
Heartbeat sound installation.

Vocabulary
Circulatory system, heart, blood, blood vessels, pumps, oxygen, lungs, nutrients, water, exercise, diet

Session 3 Nutrient detective

Objectives

Explore how nutrients and water are transported throughout your body in your blood and the processes used to pass in and out of your blood through capillary walls. Create your own abstract art to celebrate these processes.

Science Objectives
i) Describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals, including humans.

Working Scientifically

  1. Plan different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary.
  2. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.

Other Curriculum Areas
Art

  • Improve mastery of art and design techniques.

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Know that nutrients and water are transported around the body in the blood.
  • Know that diffusion and osmosis are processes that move nutrient and water in the body.
  • Investigate diffusion and osmosis.
  • Create prints using paints and gelatine and link with diffusion.
  • Create abstract photo montage and link with osmosis.

Activities

  1. Explain how nutrients and water are transported through the body.
  2. Investigate diffusion and osmosis.
  3. Create abstract diffusion art work with accompanying science link explanation.

Investigation - exploring, analysing secondary sources
Plotting the journey of water and food.

Vocabulary
Circulatory system, heart, blood, blood vessels, oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, water

Session 4 The circulatory system

Objectives

Have you ever wondered what your blood gets up to inside your body? Here is your chance to join your platelets on their journey around your body. Share your discoveries in the form of a dramatic re-enactment.

Science Objectives
i) Identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system, and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood.

ii) Describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals, including humans.

Working Scientifically

1. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.

Other Curriculum Areas
Computing

  • Select, use and combine a variety of software on a range of digital devices to design and create a range content that accomplishes given goals, including collecting, analysing, evaluating and presenting data and information.

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Demonstrate how blood transports nutrients, water, gases and waste around the body.
  • Explore and demonstrate how the circulatory system works including the role of the heart.
  • Use video and online editing tools to create a video installation and a TV advert.

Activities

  1. Explore how the circulatory system works and be able to identify the role blood has within this.
  2. Accurately dramatise the processes of the circulatory system.
  3. Record and edit their dramatisation.

Vocabulary
Circulatory system, heart, blood, blood vessels, pumps, oxygen, carbon dioxide, lungs, nutrients, water

Session 5 A healthy body: diet, exercise and lifestyle

Objectives

Discover the true impact (both visible and hidden) of diet, exercise and lifestyle on the human body. Produce a creative TV advert that explores this impact and how to keep our bodies healthy.

Science Objectives
i) Recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function.

ii) Describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals, including humans.

Working Scientifically
1. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.

Other Curriculum Areas
Computing

  • Select, use and combine a variety of software on a range of digital devices to design and create a range of content that accomplishes given goals, including collecting, analysing, evaluating and presenting data and information.

PSHE

  • Know the importance of physical activity and diet for a healthy lifestyle.

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Identify those aspects of a diet that are healthy and unhealthy and the impact diet can have on the body, using scientific evidence.
  • Examine the amount and types of exercise that keep a child and adult body healthy.
  • Note how lifestyle can impact on the body and identify healthy habits.
  • Use video and online editing tools to create a video installation and a TV advert.
  • Identify exercise and diet as contributing factors of a healthy lifestyle.

Activities

  1. Examine the impact of a heathy or unhealthy diet on the human body.
  2. Examine the impact of exercise and lifestyle choices on the human body.
  3. Create a TV advert that explores the impact of diet, exercise and lifestyle on the body.

Investigation - fair testing, analysing secondary sources
Documentary on diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle.

Vocabulary
Circulatory system, heart, blood, diet, exercise, lifestyle, health

Session 6 A healthy body: drugs and alcohol

Objectives

Before teaching this session, please refer to your school’s PSHE policy. You may wish to discuss this with your subject leader.

Explore the truths and myths about the effects of drugs and alcohol on the human body, before creating your own artistic ‘montage’ advert that reflects this topic in a creative and informative manner.
Your art exhibition is now complete and ready for display!

Science Objectives
i) Recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function.
ii) Describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals, including humans.

Working Scientifically

  1. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.

Other Curriculum Areas
Art

  • Improve mastery of art and design techniques.

PSHE

  • Take part in drugs education

Extended Writing Opportunity
Information text: Create a booklet that describes the impact of drugs and alcohol on the human body.

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Identify how drugs impact on the way the human body functions.
  • Understand that certain drugs can be used for positive effect in the form of medicine.
  • Create an aesthetic photo montage that shares a message.
  • Understand the negative physical, social and emotional impact of drug misuse.

Activities

  1. Identify the effects of drugs on the human body.
  2. Create a print advert that explores the impact of drugs and alcohol on the human body.
  3. Exhibit all art from the block in a ‘human body’ exhibition.

Vocabulary
Drugs, lifestyle, addiction, disease, medicine, alcohol, cigarettes, stimulant, depressant, analgesic, hallucinogen