Revision Block B

Science Year 5/6 Sensational Science

Explore the more unexpected side to science and see how some things challenge our scientific expectations. Investigate some mind-blowing reactions, sensational space behaviour, fickle forces, crazy creature classifications, and some extraordinary evolution antics. Understand better how the scientific community develops theories and how some science debates will continue for a while to come.

Session 1 Mind-blowing mixtures

Objectives

Explore the world of weird and wonderful combinations and reactions of solids and liquids. Can you make sense of the crazy results you encounter?

Science Objectives
i) Explain that some changes result in the formation of new materials, and that this kind of change is not usually reversible

Working Scientifically

  1. Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary
  2. Recording data and results of increasing complexity, using tables
  3. Using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests
  4. Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • To investigate the physical and chemical reactions of mixing given solids with liquids (Yr5&6).
  • To set up further comparative investigations based on observations (Yr5&6).
  • To record and present findings, offering scientific explanations for observations (Yr5&6).


Activities

  1. Plan and carry out investigations to observe the reaction of given solids in given liquids or mixture (Yr5&6)
  2. Make and record observations, suggesting reasons for their observations (Yr5&6)
  3. Set up further investigations (Yr5&6)

Investigation
Mind-blowing Mixtures. Explore the world of weird and wonderful combinations and reactions of solids and liquids. Try and make sense of the crazy results you encounter. (Exploring, Pattern seeking, Fair testing, Observing over time)
Years 5&6 - Plan and carry out investigations to observe the reaction of given solids in given liquids or mixture
Years 5&6 - Make and record observations, suggesting reasons for their observations
Years 5&6 - Set up further investigations


Vocabulary
Mixture, solution, inert, reversible, irreversible, acid, alkaline, oxidation, carbon dioxide, copper oxide, tarnished, physical reaction, chemical reaction

Session 2 Sensational space behaviour

Objectives

Is everything out there in the galaxy as it appears? Explore some amazing discoveries from deepest darkest space and learn about how scientists are continuously discovering new and unexpected things.

Science Objectives
i) Describe the movement of the Earth, and other planets, relative to the Sun in the solar system
ii) Describe the movement of the Moon relative to the Earth
iii) Describe the Sun, Earth and Moon as approximately spherical bodies
iv) Use the idea of the Earth’s rotation to explain day and night and the apparent movement of the sun across the sky

Working Scientifically

  1. Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • To identify how our understanding of the planet Earth and our solar system has changed over time (Yr5&6).
  • To research a range of space discoveries (Yr5&6).
  • To recognise that scientist don’t always agree on what evidence might suggest (Yr5&6).


Activities

  1. Create a timeline of knowledge development for some key areas of astronomy (Yr5&6)
  2. Complete research on specific space discoveries (Yr5&6)
  3. Note that scientific knowledge continues to evolve and that scientists don’t always agree (Yr5&6)


Investigation
Sensational Space Behaviour. Explore some amazing discoveries from deepest darkest space and learn about how scientists are continuously discovering new and unexpected things. (Exploring, Analysing secondary sources)
Years 5&6 - Create a timeline of knowledge development for some key areas of astronomy
Years 5&6 - Complete research on specific space discoveries
Years 5&6 - Note that scientific knowledge continues to evolve and that scientists don’t always agree


Vocabulary
Heliocentric, geocentric, spherical, solar system, astronomy, enquiry, evidence, star, moon, planet, sun, Earth, planet names, orbit, axis, day, night, eclipse, telescope, satellite, tide, mass, gravity, phase, lunar evidence, season, proof, theory, hypothesis, argument, idea, fact

Session 3 Fickle forces

Objectives

Carry out some investigations and explore the reasons behind why sometimes forces do interesting things.

Science Objectives
i) Explain that unsupported objects fall towards the Earth because of the force of gravity acting between the Earth and the falling object
ii) Identify the effects of air resistance, water resistance and friction, that act between moving surfaces

Working Scientifically

  1. Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary
  2. Taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate
  3. Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations

You Will Need

Provided Resources

  • Outline and links for experiments
  • Equipment for experiments
  • Science labels and explanations


Additional Resources

  • Sultanas
  • Plastic cups & soda water


Weblinks
Dancing sultanas experiment from www.fizzicseducation.com.au

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • To identify the forces behind a range of phenomena (Yr5&6).
  • To investigate a range of forces (Yr5&6).
  • To share findings in the form of an oral presentation (Yr5&6).


Activities

  1. Identify the forces behind a range of phenomena (Yr5&6)
  2. Carry out investigations into the ways in which forces create unexpected effects (Yr5&6)
  3. Present findings in the form of an educational science demonstration (Yr5&6)


Investigation
Fickle Forces. Carry out some investigations and explore the reasons behind why sometimes forces do interesting things. (Exploring, Pattern seeking)
Years 5&6 - Identify the forces behind a range of phenomena
Years 5&6 - Carry out investigations into the ways that forces create unexpected effects
Years 5&6 - Present findings in the form of an educational science demonstration


Vocabulary
Force, gravity, friction, air pressure, inertia, Newton, push, pull

Session 4 Crazy creature classifications

Objectives

Meet some living things that have gone against the grain when it comes to classification, and find out more about those things that have been re-classified.

Science Objectives
i) Describe how living things are classified into broad groups according to common observable characteristics and based on similarities and differences, including microorganisms, plants and animals
ii) Give reasons for classifying plants and animals based on specific characteristics

Working Scientifically

  1. Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments

You Will Need

Provided Resources

  • Photos and odd-one-out cards
  • Weblinks
  • Tully Monster images


Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • To recap on classification systems and explore some scientifically challenging living things to classify (Yr5&6).
  • To research and identify reasons for re-classifying given living things (Yr5&6).


Activities

  1. Explore some scientifically challenging living things to classify (Yr5&6)
  2. Research living things that have been re-classified as scientific knowledge about them has developed (Yr5&6)

Investigation
Crazy Creature Classifications. Meet some living things that have gone against the grain when it comes to classification, and find out more about those things that have been re-classified. (Exploring, Analysing secondary sources, Classifying and identifying)
Years 5&6 - Explore some scientifically challenging living things to classify
Years 5&6 - Research living things that have been re-classified as scientific knowledge about them has developed


Vocabulary
Classification, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species, Linnaeus, opinion, characteristics

Session 5 Extraordinary evolution antics

Objectives

Delve deeper into the wonders of evolution and explore how humans and other living things have adapted to extreme environments. Explore the notion of extinction and its scientific implications.

Science Objectives
i) Recognise that living things have changed over time and that fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago
ii) Identify how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environment in different ways and that adaptation may lead to evolution

Working Scientifically

  1. Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments

You Will Need

Provided Resources

  • Creature cards & images
  • Research list
  • Definitions resource
  • The tale of the quagga
  • Evolution ‘what if’



Weblinks
The quagga project from https://quaggaproject.org

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • To identify key adaptations in creatures and plants that survive in extreme conditions (Yr5&6).
  • To identify the influence of inheritance and environmental factors on humans living in extreme environments (Yr5&6).
  • To understand what extinction is (Yr5&6).

Activities

  1. Research creatures and plants that demonstrate extreme evolution, identifying key adaptations (Yr5&6)
  2. Identify the influence of inheritance and environmental factors on humans living in extreme environments (Yr5&6)
  3. Define the term extinction and note whether it is a useful term (Yr5&6)


Investigation
Extraordinary Evolution Antics. Delve deeper into the wonders of evolution and explore how humans and other living things have adapted to extreme environments. Explore the notion of extinction and its scientific implications. (Exploring, Pattern seeking, Analysing secondary sources)
Years 5&6 - Research creatures and plants that demonstrate extreme evolution, identifying key adaptations
Years 5&6 - Identify the influence of inheritance and environmental factors on humans living in extreme environments


Vocabulary
Adaptation, environmental factor, evolution, extinction, survival of the fittest

Session 6 Scientific disputes

Objectives

Explore some scientific disputes and appreciate how scientific theory evolves as knowledge develops. Learn to challenge the laws of science!

Science Objectives
i) Explain that unsupported objects fall towards the Earth because of the force of gravity acting between the Earth and the falling object
ii) Identify the effects of air resistance, water resistance and friction, that act between moving surfaces
iii) Describe the movement of the Earth, and other planets, relative to the Sun in the solar system
iv) Describe how living things are classified into broad groups according to common observable characteristics and based on similarities and differences, including microorganisms, plants and animals
v) Identify how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environment in different ways and that adaptation may lead to evolution

Working Scientifically

  1. identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments

Other Curriculum Areas

English: Make formal presentations including demonstrating to others and participating in debate

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Research and analyse the range of evidence for disputed concepts within the scientific community (Yr5&6).
  • Take and summarise a scientific stance on a current unresolved scientific issue based on evidence available (Yr5&6).


Activities

  1. Research and analyse the range of evidence for disputed concepts within the scientific community (Yr5&6)
  2. Take and summarise a scientific stance on a current unresolved scientific issue based on evidence available (Yr5&6)


Investigation
Scientific Disputes. Explore some scientific disputes and appreciate how scientific theory evolves as knowledge develops. Learn to challenge the laws of science. (Exploring, Analysing secondary sources)
Years 5&6 - Research and analyse the range of evidence for disputed concepts within the scientific community
Years 5&6 - Take and summarise a scientific stance on a current unresolved scientific issue based on evidence available


Vocabulary
Debate, evidence, dispute, reliable, unreliable, experimentation, theory, argument, theorisation