Revision Block A

Science Year 5/6 Medical Manoeuvres

Use your knowledge from across the year to embrace a series of medical challenges from the Wellfordbury Hospital and see if you can help improve people’s lives and the work of our health service. Explore possible approaches to help people recovering from or living with medical conditions, and investigate how understanding insect life cycles can help control certain diseases. Investigate and select the right materials for certain medical equipment as well as designing electrical and lighting systems to help with medical procedures. Test out your computing skills along the way and create your own blog to record your experiences.

Session 1 Mosquitoes and medicine

Objectives

Explore how understanding the life cycle of insects can help science treat, cure and even eradicate diseases. Take a look at the drugs used to treat malaria and create a fabulous travel clinic poster about malaria and mosquitos.

Science Objectives
i) Describe the differences in the life cycles of insects
ii) Describe the life process of reproduction in insects
iii) Recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function

Working Scientifically

  1. Recording data using scientific diagrams and labels
  2. Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries in written forms
  3. Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments

Other Curriculum Areas
Computing: Select, use and combine a variety of software (including internet services) on a range of digital devices to design and create a range of programs, systems and content that accomplish given goals, including collecting, analysing, evaluating and presenting data and information

You Will Need

Provided Resources

  • Images of mosquitoes
  • Mosquito/malaria info pack


Additional Resources

  • Sugar paper
  • Pens & labels
  • Smart art/graphics software


Weblinks
Mosquito life cycle from www.youtube.com

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • To draw an annotated diagram of an insect life cycle (Yr5&6).
  • To identify ways that scientific knowledge in one area can inform another (Yr5&6).
  • To learn about the impact of medicines and the incidence of side effects (Yr5&6).


Activities

  1. Research and draw the life cycle of a mosquito (Yr5&6)
  2. Link scientific knowledge of insect life cycles to factors that would interrupt it and when (Yr5&6)
  3. Note that medicines often have unpleasant side effects on the body, but are worth the overall impact of the drug (Yr5&6)


Investigation
Mosquitos and Medicine. Explore how understanding the life cycle of insects can help science treat, cure and even eradicate diseases. Take a look at the drugs used to treat malaria and create a fabulous travel clinic poster about malaria and mosquitos. (Observing over time, Analysing secondary sources, Pattern seeking)
Years 5&6 - Research and draw the life cycle of a mosquito
Years 5&6 - Link scientific knowledge of insect life cycles to factors that would interrupt it and when
Years 5&6 - Note that medicines often have unpleasant side effects on the body, but are worth the overall impact of the drug


Vocabulary
Life cycle, metamorphosis (complete/incomplete), egg, instar, larvae, pupae, disease, medicine, drug, environmental factors, side effects

Session 2 Medical materials

Objectives

Wellfordbury Hospital has sent in a series of requests for materials recommendations. Set up a series of tests to see which materials would be best for the job and explore the medical applications of some very modern materials.

Science Objectives
i) Compare and group together everyday materials on the basis of their properties, including their hardness, solubility, transparency, conductivity (electrical and thermal), and response to magnets
ii) Give reasons, based on evidence from comparative and fair tests, for the particular uses of everyday materials, including metals, wood and plastic

Working Scientifically

  1. Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary
  2. Taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate
  3. Recording data and results of increasing complexity using tables
  4. Using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests
  5. Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms

Other Curriculum Areas
Computing: Select, use and combine a variety of software on a range of digital devices to design and create content that accomplishes given goals, including presenting data and information

You Will Need

Provided Resources

  • Materials challenges
  • Sticky-note investigation resources
  • Modern materials homework


Additional Resources

  • Range of materials
  • Large hoops
  • Sticky-notes
  • Online video recording software

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • To investigate the properties of a range of materials (Yr5&6).
  • To make recommendations on best fit materials for a given use (Yr5&6).

Activities

  1. Investigate a range of materials for specific properties (Y5&6)
  2. Recommend the best materials for a given use, identifying possible alternative materials (Y5&6)


Investigation
Medical Materials. Wellfordbury Hospital has sent in a series of requests for materials recommendations. Set up a series of tests to see which materials would be best for the job and explore the medical applications of some very modern materials. (Problem solving, Exploring, Fair testing)
Years 5&6 - Investigate a range of materials for specific properties
Years 5&6 - Recommend the best materials for a given use, identifying possible alternative materials


Vocabulary
Property, prediction, accuracy, comparative, fair test, enquiry

Session 3 Welcome to the world!

Objectives

The Wellfordbury Hospital is keen to offer information leaflets for ‘life’ as a human. Can you take on the role of editor-in-chief and create an informative and guiding leaflet or webpage/site that will help people understand how they grow and change as well as how to stay healthy?

Science Objectives
i) Describe the changes as humans develop to old age
ii) Recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function

Working Scientifically

  1. Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in written forms
  2. Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments

Other Curriculum Areas
Computing: Select, use and combine a variety of software (including internet services) on a range of digital devices to design and create a range of programs, systems and content that accomplish given goals, including collecting, analysing, evaluating and presenting data and information

You Will Need

Provided Resources

  • Human life cycle labels
  • Food, drugs & alcohol, and lifestyle myths


Additional Resources

  • Online publishing/web software

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • To explore the human life cycle (Yr5&6).
  • To explore the impact of drugs, alcohol, lifestyle, diet and exercise on the body (Yr5&6).
  • To summarise information on human growth & development and the impact of diet, drugs, exercise and lifestyle on the body (Yr5&6).


Activities

  1. Recap and research the human life cycle (Yr5&6).
  2. Recap and research the impact of drugs, alcohol, lifestyle, diet and exercise on health (Yr5&6).
  3. Create an informative leaflet (Yr5) or webpage/site (Yr6) outlining the human life cycle and advising people on how to live a healthy life (Yr5&6).


Investigation
Welcome to the World! The Wellfordbury Hospital is keen to offer information leaflets for ‘life’ as a human. Can you take on the role of editor-in-chief and create an informative and guiding leaflet or webpage/site that will help people understand how they grow and change as well as how to stay healthy? (Analysing secondary sources, Pattern seeking)
Years 5&6 - Recap and research the human lifecycle
Years 5&6 - Recap and research the impact of drugs, alcohol, lifecycle, diet and exercise on health
Years 5&6 - Create an informative leaflet (Y5) or webpage/site (Y6) outlining the human lifecycle and advising people on how to live a healthy life


Vocabulary
Causal relationships, support/refute, life cycle, development, child, adolescence, puberty, reproduction, elderly, adult, growth, change, timeline, diet, exercise, lifestyle, health, drugs, addiction, disease

Session 4 The well-oiled human machine

Objectives

Have a go at creating a podcast for patients of GP surgeries, explaining how the circulatory system works and how to ensure it stays healthy and works like a well-oiled machine.

Science Objectives
i) Identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system, and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood
ii) Recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function
iii) Describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals, including humans

Working Scientifically

  1. Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms
  2. Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments

Other Curriculum Areas
Computing

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • To note the key processes involved in the human circulatory system (Yr5&6).
  • To research and describe a specific aspect of the human circulatory system, identifying ways to keep it healthy (Yr5&6).


Activities

  1. Identify the key processes involved in the human circulatory system (Yr5&6).
  2. Describe the human circulatory system in the form of a podcast (Yr5&6).
  3. Suggest ways to maintain a healthy circulatory system (Yr5&6).

Investigation
The Well-oiled Human Machine. Have a go at creating a podcast for patients of GP surgeries, explaining how the circulatory system works and how to ensure it stays healthy and works like a well-oiled machine. (Analysing secondary sources)
Years 5&6 - Describe the human circulatory system in the form of a podcast
Years 5&6 - Suggest ways to maintain a healthy circulatory system


Vocabulary
Blood, blood vessels, arteries, veins, capillaries, heart, pump, oxygen, carbon dioxide, circulation, circulatory system, nutrients, water, pump, drugs, diet, lifestyle, exercise

Session 5 Illumination station

Objectives

Explore the level of illumination for a range of lights used in hospitals and for medical procedures. Identify why they are fit for purpose by suggesting the relationship between the light sources and vision. Can you use your knowledge of shadows to create storage systems for surgical equipment?

Science Objectives
i) Use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain that objects are seen because they give out or reflect light into the eye
ii) Explain that we see things because light travels from light sources to our eyes or from light sources to objects and then to our eyes
iii) Use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain why shadows have the same shape as the objects that cast them

Working Scientifically

  1. Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary
  2. Taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate
  3. Recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams & labels
  4. Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in written forms

You Will Need

Provided Resources

  • Medical/hospital lighting images
  • Lighting needs
  • Sample ‘ray’ diagram


Additional Resources

  • Desk lamps
  • Torches
  • Light meters

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • To link light sources to given purposes and draw an accompanying ‘ray’ diagram (Yr5&6).
  • To investigate shadows and propose a process for creating & explaining specific shadows (Yr5&6).


Activities

  1. Suggest why different light sources they are fit for purpose by drawing a ray diagram (Yr5&6)
  2. Suggest a process for creating a surgical equipment storage system, using shadows (Yr5&6)


Investigation
Illumination Station. Explore the level of illumination for a range of lights used in hospitals and for medical procedures. Identify why they are fit for purpose by suggesting the relationship between the light sources and vision. Use your knowledge of shadows to create storage systems for surgical equipment. (Problem solving, Exploring, Fair testing, Pattern seeking)
Years 5&6 - Draw a simple ray diagram
Years 5&6 - Suggest a process for creating a surgical equipment storage system, using shadows


Vocabulary
Shadow, light source, beam, ray diagram, dilation

Session 6 Medical circuits

Objectives

Can you match the circuit diagrams to a range of electrical medical equipment? Explore the key features of the circuits and why they are important, then design your own piece of medical equipment or machinery.

Science Objectives

i) Associate brightness of a lamp/volume of a buzzer with the number & voltage of cells used in the circuit
ii) Compare and give reasons for variations in how components function, including the brightness of bulbs, the loudness of buzzers and the on/off position of switches
iii) Use recognised symbols when representing a simple circuit in a diagram

Working Scientifically

  1. Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary
  2. Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • To demonstrate knowledge and understanding of how components function (Yr5&6).
  • To draw a circuit diagram for a given need (Yr5&6).
  • To create an electrical circuit from a circuit diagram (Yr5&6).


Activities

  1. Note the key features of circuits in relation to equipment needs, designing and drawing an accurate circuit diagram (Yr5&6)
  2. Make an electrical circuit from a circuit diagram (Yr5&6)


Investigation
Medical Circuits. Match circuit diagrams to a range of electrical medical equipment. Explore the key features of the circuits and why they are important, then design your own piece of medical equipment or machinery. (Problem solving, Analysing secondary sources)
Years 5&6 - Design and drawing an accurate circuit diagram
Years 5&6 - Make an electrical circuit from a circuit diagram


Vocabulary
Electricity, electrical circuit, complete circuit, circuit symbol, components, cell, battery, positive/negative, wire, crocodile clip, bulb, bright/dim, switch, buzzer, volume, motor, voltage, current, conductor, insulator