Living Things and Their Habitats

Science Year 5 The Art of Living

You have been commissioned to create an inspirational and informative collection of scientific illustrations on the theme of animal and plant life cycles. Develop your mastery of key art skills as you create accurate and eye catching illustrations that tell the life cycle story of a range of nature’s wonders. Select your best work to be entered into the ‘Excellence in Scientific Illustration’ awards. Along the way hone your skills as a natural scientist and top off your work with an audience with David Attenborough, Jane Goodall and their natural scientist colleagues.

Session 1 Sexual reproduction in flowering plants

Objectives

Dissect a flower and explore the fascinating world of flowering plant reproduction. Capture the key sexual structures of a flower and its life cycle in the form of a botanical drawing.

Science Objectives
i) Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.

Working Scientifically

  1. Record data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels.
  2. Identify scientific evidence that supports or refute ideas or arguments.

Other Curriculum Areas
Art & Design

  • Improve mastery of art and design techniques, including drawing, with a range of materials.

You Will Need

Provided Resources

  • Botanical illustrations
  • Art & questions
  • Various flower diagrams
  • Flower dissection instructions
  • Guidance

Additional Resources

  • Flowers for dissection
  • Drawing materials
  • Paper
  • Potted plants

Weblinks
Permanent botanical exhibitions, Botanical art & artists from www.botanicalartandartists.com
Plants - DK from www.dkfindout.com
Reproduction, BBC (to 3mins 16) from www.bbc.co.uk
Flowers from http://studyjams.scholastic.com
Reproductive cycle of flower plants from www.YouTube.com

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Dissect and label the parts of a flowering plant, including male and female structures.
  • Record findings as an annotated botanical illustration of a flowering plant.
  • Research the life cycle and reproduction of a flowering plant.

Activities

  1. Dissect and label the parts of a flower, identifying the male and female gametes.
  2. Make a detailed watercolour pencil drawing of a flowering plant in the style of a Linnaean illustration.
  3. Research the lifecycle and reproduction of their flowering plant.

Vocabulary
Gamete, stamen, stigma, carpel, pistil, pollination, germination, flowering, sexual reproduction, life cycle, seed, pollen, anther, filament, style, ovary, botanical illustration, dissection

Session 2 Asexual reproduction in plants

Objectives

Investigate ways that plants reproduce asexually and continue to hone your botanical illustration skills. Have a go at growing new plants from a range of parent plant parts – you may be surprised at what will flourish!

Science Objectives
i) Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.

Working Scientifically

  1. Plan different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary.
  2. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.

Other Curriculum Areas
Art & Design

  • Improve mastery of art and design techniques, including drawing, with a range of materials.

You Will Need

Provided Resources

  • Examples of asexual reproduction botanical illustrations
  • Plant images
  • Investigation guidance

Additional Resources

  • Art materials
  • Investigation equipment
  • Plant samples

Weblinks
Plants from www.dkfindout.com
3x plant slides/videos from http://studyjams.scholastic.com
Tea propagation from http://sciencelearn.org.nz

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Learn about processes of natural and artificial asexual reproduction in plants.
  • Sketch a detailed and annotated botanical illustration of asexual reproductive processes.
  • Investigate artificial forms of asexual reproduction in plants.

Activities

  1. Draw botanical illustrations using watercolour pencils that show the life cycle of some plants that reproduce asexually.
  2. Identify and be able to explain the ways that plants can reproduce asexually, both naturally and artificially.
  3. Set up an investigation into artificial asexual reproduction in flowering plants.

Vocabulary
Corm, bulb, spores, cutting, fern, moss, liverwort, tubers, asexual, non-flowering, propagation, artificial, natural

Session 3 Insect and amphibian lifecycles

Objectives

Watch some online footage of insect and amphibian lifecycles to help create your own life cycle illustrations for display. Set up an in-school habitat for your choice of insect and amphibian so that you can observe them over time.

Science Objectives
i) Describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird.

ii) Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.

Working Scientifically

  1. Report and present findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations.
  2. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.

Other Curriculum Areas
Art & Design

  • Improve mastery of art and design techniques, including drawing, painting and sculpture, with a range of materials.

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Learn about the lifecycle and reproduction of amphibians and insects.
  • Sketch a detailed and annotated zoological illustration of the lifecycle and reproduction of an amphibian and insects.

Activities

  1. Draw zoological illustration of the lifecycles of two insects and an amphibian.
  2. Research the life cycle of insects and amphibians noting that they reproduce sexually.
  3. Use watercolour pencils to create texture and colour in their drawing.

Investigation - observing over time
Observe and sketch insect and amphibian lifecycles for comparison.

Vocabulary
Life cycle, asexual & sexual reproduction, metamorphosis, amphibian, insect

Session 4 Mammal and bird lifecycles

Objectives

Research mammalian and bird lifecycles for two of your local species and transform what you discover into beautiful natural history illustrations. Hone your research skills as you explore sexual reproduction in animals.

Science Objectives
i) Describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird.

ii) Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.

Working Scientifically

  1. Report and present findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations.
  2. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.

Other Curriculum Areas
Art & Design

  • Improve mastery of art and design techniques, including drawing, painting and sculpture, with a range of materials.

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Learn about the lifecycle and reproduction of mammals and birds.
  • Sketch a detailed and annotated zoological illustration of the lifecycle and reproduction of a mammal and bird.

Activities

  1. Identify a local mammal and bird species and research their life cycles online.
  2. Draw and annotate a life cycle zoological illustration for both mammal and bird lifecycles.
  3. Use watercolour pencils to create texture and colour in their drawing.

Investigation - analysing secondary sources
Research and sketch mammalian and bird life cycles for comparison.

Vocabulary
Mammal, bird, sexual reproduction, life cycle, gestation, foetus, sperm, egg, uterus, chick, egg, baby, adult

Session 5 Life cycles from around the world

Objectives

Time to do some travelling! You will need to find some interesting and quirky animals and plants from around the world and explore their life cycles online. Make sure you find plenty of images so that you can create an informative but artistic representation of their life cycles in the form of scientific illustrations.

Science Objectives
i) Describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird.

ii) Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.

Working Scientifically

  1. Record data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels.
  2. Report and present findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations.
  3. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.

Other Curriculum Areas

Art and Design

  • Improve mastery of art and design techniques, including drawing, painting and sculpture, with a range of materials.

Extended Writing Opportunities
Chronological report: write up the life cycle of an insect, amphibian, mammal, bird or plant for a class information book.

You Will Need

Provided Resources

  • Unusual mammalian life cycles
  • List of possible animals and plants to explore

Additional Resources

  • Art materials

Weblinks
DK Find out from www.dkfindout.com
All living things from www.bbc.co.uk

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Research the life cycles of a contrasting bird, insect, amphibian and plant.
  • Record life cycles in the form of annotated scientific illustrations.

Activities

  1. Research the life cycles of an insect, amphibian, mammal, bird and plant that contrasts with those already studied.
  2. Create a series of annotated scientific illustrations that reflect the life cycles of the animals and plants they have researched.
  3. Use all skills developed so far for sketching and developing colour and texture using watercolour pencils.

Investigation - analysing secondary sources/pattern seeking
Compare the lifecycles of mammals, amphibians, insects and birds (pattern seeking).
Research reproduction in plants and animals.

Vocabulary
Life cycle, mammal, bird, amphibian, insect, reproduction

Session 6 Meeting and becoming natural scientists

Objectives

Recognise your role as natural scientists during this block and hone your skills further today. Learn about some significant naturalists and animal behaviourists and create in-role monologues that explore the importance and impact of their work within the scientific community.

Science Objectives
i) Describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird.

ii) Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.

Working Scientifically

  1. Take measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate.
  2. Record data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs.
  3. Report and present findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations.
  4. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.

Extended Writing Opportunities
Biography: research a significant naturalist or animal behaviourist and create a poster that showcases their life, achievements and significance.

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Make observations, as a natural scientist would, recording data and reporting findings.
  • Learn about some famous naturalists.

Activities

  1. Make observations, record findings and draw conclusions, as natural scientists.
  2. Research and present, in role, information on a significant naturalist.

Vocabulary
Natural scientist, naturalist, observation, conservation, endangered