Animals Including Humans

Science Year 5 Life Explorers

One of the big publishing houses in the UK has approached you to write a children’s non-fiction book about the human lifecycle. Can you research and collate information on growth, development, puberty and old age, and present it in a sensitive and logical way that is suited to children aged 8-12? Are you up for the challenge of creating a visually appealing and marketable book that will fly off the shelves? You have 6 weeks until the deadline…

Session 1 Gestation gurus

Objectives

Are you ready for a whistle stop tour of the animal kingdom in a quest to become a gestation guru? How will you present your findings in an engaging and fun way?

Science Objectives
i) Describe the changes as humans develop to old age.

Working Scientifically

  1. Record data using tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs.
  2. Report and present findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms.
  3. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or argument.

Other Curriculum Areas
Computing

  • Select, use and combine a variety of software (including internet services) on a range of digital devices to design and create a range of programs, systems and content that accomplish given goals, including collecting, analysing, evaluating and presenting data and information.

You Will Need

Provided Resources

  • Who? What? When? resource
  • Animal reproductive ages and offspring resource
  • Gestation game
  • Animal list & table
  • Graphing resources
  • Other considerations statements

Additional Resources

  • Photo equipment & staff photos

Weblinks
Human reproduction from www.bbc.co.uk

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Represent scientific data in graph forms.
  • Look for patterns in animal gestation periods and draw logical conclusions.

Activities

  1. Complete online research to find out the gestation periods of a range of animals (including humans).
  2. Create a visual comparison of gestation periods (including humans).
  3. Look for patterns in gestation periods.

Vocabulary
Scatter and line graphs, bar charts, causal relationships, support/refute, gestation, life cycle, sperm, egg, foetus

Session 2 Feotal development detectives

Objectives

You now know a baby’s gestation period, but what happens while it is a foetus? Explore the key stages of foetal development and present your research in the form of annotated diagrams.

Science Objectives
i) Describe the changes as humans develop to old age.

Working Scientifically

  1. Record data using scientific diagrams and labels.
  2. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or argument.

Other Curriculum Areas
Computing

  • Select, use and combine a variety of software (including internet services) on a range of digital devices to design and create a range of programs, systems and content that accomplish given goals, including collecting, analysing, evaluating and presenting data and information.

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Learn about foetal development in humans.
  • Represent foetal development information and data as a labelled scientific diagram and graph.

Activities

  1. Explore the key stages of human foetal development.
  2. Create a scientific diagram for the key stages of foetal development and an accompanying growth graph.
  3. Describe the process of foetal development within a scientific diagram.

Investigation - analysing secondary sources
Create gestation period graphs for a range of animals.

Vocabulary
Scientific diagram, support/refute, gestation, life cycle, foetus, development, nutrition, uterus

Session 3 Growth & change: Baby & child

Objectives

Are you ready to analyse your own growth data and demonstrate in graphs and charts how the human body develops and grows from birth to five? This section of your book will need some clear and well researched fact files.

Science Objectives
i) Describe the changes as humans develop to old age.

Working Scientifically

  1. Record data using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs.
  2. Report and present findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal, relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations.
  3. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or argument.

Other Curriculum Areas
English

  • Plan writing by identifying the audience for and purpose of the writing, selecting the appropriate form and using other similar writing as models for their own.
  • Evaluate and edit by assessing the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing.

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Recognise and explore key milestones in baby and child development.
  • Interpret and understand growth charts and plot personal data as a line graph.

Activities

  1. Complete online research and write fact-files based on growth data and research findings.
  2. Explore baby growth through statistics.
  3. Create growth graphs and charts based on their own growth records.

Investigation - analysing secondary sources/pattern seeking/observing over time
Research and create an infographic on baby growth.
Compare ‘red books’ and predict growth patterns.

Vocabulary
Baby, child, growth, line graph, comparison, development, centile, healthy, causal relationship

Session 4 Growth & change: Adolescence & puberty

Objectives

Changes during puberty can be a sensitive issue – you need to understand the facts fully and recognise the physical as well as emotional impact. Create a Q&A section for your book that covers all the issues raised by puberty.

Science Objectives
i) Describe the changes as humans develop to old age.

Working Scientifically

  1. Record data using scientific diagrams and labels.
  2. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or argument.

Other Curriculum Areas
Computing

  • Select, use and combine a variety of software (including internet services) on a range of digital devices to design and create a range of programs, systems and content that accomplish given goals, including collecting, analysing, evaluating and presenting data and information.

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Identify and understand the changes in the adolescent human body during puberty.
  • Recognise and identify those changes during puberty that are gender specific.

Activities

  1. Explore the key physical and emotional changes during puberty in both boys and girls.
  2. Create a Q&A book section and glossary for puberty.
  3. Create a Venn diagram that shows changes in boys and girls at puberty.

Vocabulary
Adolescence, adolescent, puberty, teenager, reproduction (see also vocab list in resources)

Session 5 Growth & change: Adults & old age

Objectives

What happens to our bodies as we get old? Can you research and create a ‘things to expect as you age’ section for your book? It will need to include physical and mental changes to the body. You will also need to think about how we care for the elderly and explore attitudes towards older generations across the world.

Science Objectives
i) Describe the changes as humans develop to old age.

Working Scientifically
1. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or argument.

Other Curriculum Areas
English

  • Plan writing by identifying the audience for and purpose of the writing, selecting the appropriate form and using other similar writing as models for their own.
  • Draft and write by using further organisational and presentational devices to structure text and to guide the reader.

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Identify physical and mental changes that happen from adulthood to old age.

Activities

  1. Explore the physical and mental changes to the human body as it ages.
  2. Create a ‘things to expect in old age’ section for their book.
  3. Discuss how elderly people are cared for and how they could support people in the community.

Vocabulary
Aging, old age, elderly, adult, causal relationship, growth, change, death

Session 6 Human timeline

Objectives

Reflect back on your work in this block and pinpoint the key milestones in a human life and how they impact on the body? Have a go at creating a graphic for your book on human growth.

Science Objectives
i) Describe the changes as humans develop to old age.

Working Scientifically

  1. Record data using scientific diagrams and labels.
  2. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or argument.

Other Curriculum Areas
Computing

  • Select, use and combine a variety of software (including internet services) on a range of digital devices to design and create a range of programs, systems and content that accomplish given goals, including collecting, analysing, evaluating and presenting data and information.

Extended Writing Opportunities
Non-fiction various: Write sections for their non-fiction book on the human lifecycle e.g. ‘things to expect in old age’, ‘key physical and emotional changes during puberty’ etc.

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Identify, order and explain the 6 key stages in a human life.
  • Create a human timeline diagram.

Activities

  1. Create a visual timeline of key events in a human life.
  2. Use a graphics program to create a visual representation of human growth.
  3. Publish their non-fiction book on the human lifecycle.

Investigation - analysing secondary sources/pattern seeking
Create a human timeline.
Create a human growth quiz.

Vocabulary
Lifecycle, timeline, foetus, baby, child, adolescent, adult, old age