Plants

Science Year 1/2 Art and Nature

Investigate and sort materials according to where they came from. Learn all about those materials that come from plants. Create a large pollen sculptures out of clay, find flowers outside in the playground and sketch them and then make a large model of the inside of a flower using junk modelling materials! Enjoy being outside by doing bark and leaf rubbings and then do a piece of playground art, using cloths, chalk and found materials.

Session 1 Where does it come from?

Objectives

Sort materials into plant and non-plant and marvel at how useful plants can be! Sort objects in the classroom and become Materials Investigators.

Science Objectives
i) Identify and name a variety of common wild and garden plants, including deciduous and evergreen trees (1P).
ii) Identify and describe the basic structure of a variety of common flowering plants, including trees (1P).
iii) Observe and describe how seeds and bulbs grow into mature plants (2P).
iv) Find out and describe how plants need water, light and a suitable temperature to grow and stay healthy (2P).

Working Scientifically

  1. Ask simple questions and recognise that they can be answered in different ways.
  2. Observe closely, using simple equipment.
  3. Perform simple tests.
  4. Identify and classify.
  5. Use their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions.
  6. Gather and record data to help answer questions.

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Understand that some materials come from plants.
  • Identify common plants and trees (Yr1).
  • Categorise items as ‘from plants' or 'not from plants'.

Activities

  1. Understand that some materials come from plants.
  2. Be able to identify common plants that are useful to us.
  3. Classify items according to their origins (from plants or not from plants).

Investigation - exploring
Investigate and sort materials according to where they came from. Understand that some materials are made from plants.
Year 1 - Identify common plants and trees.
Year 2 - Categorise items as ‘from plants' or 'not from plants'.

Vocabulary
Plant, leaf, grow, weed, change, living, water, healthy, similar to, different from, useful

Session 2 Helicopters

Objectives

Think about the different ways that plants can disperse their seeds, including seeds designed to stick on animals and humans. Using clay or modroc, create a large burr.

Science Objectives
i) Identify and name a variety of common wild and garden plants, including deciduous and evergreen trees (1P).
ii) Identify, describe the basic structure of variety of common flowering plants, including trees (1P).

Working Scientifically

  1. Observe closely, using simple equipment.
  2. Identify and classify.
  3. Use their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions.

You Will Need

Provided Resources

  • ‘Seed dispersal’ resource
  • How to make a Helicopter Seed and a Dandelion Seed model
  • The Seed Song

Additional Resources

  • Card
  • Paper clips
  • Cotton buds
  • Foam clay
  • Art straws
  • Seeds, fruits and flowers
  • Magnifying glasses
  • Sketch books
  • Travelling Seeds and Bees Like Flowers by Rebecca Bielawski
  • The tiny seed by Eric Carle
  • Frog and Toad - The Garden

Weblinks
Simple information for teachers on seed dispersal from www.kidsdiscover.com

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Consider why it is important for a plant to spread its seeds and not just drop them in one place.
  • Think about how different plants disperse seeds (Yr2).
  • Make a seed helicopter and try it out in the playground.
  • Collect dandelion plants and look carefully at their seeds, using a magnifying glass (Yr1).
  • Make a dandelion seed each and form together to make a dandelion plant.

Activities

  1. Understand why it is important for a plant to spread its seeds.
  2. Understand what is meant by the words 'dispersal/disperse', pollination' and 'seed'.
  3. Make a seed helicopter and a dandelion seed.

Investigation - seeking patterns
Consider why it is important for a plant to spread its seeds. Make a seed helicopter and try it out. Make dandelion seed each and form together to make a dandelion ‘clock’.
Year 1 - Collect dandelion plants and look carefully at their seeds, using a magnifying glass.
Year 2 - Consider how different plants disperse seeds.

Vocabulary
Plant, leaf, grow, weed, change, living, water, healthy, similar to, different from, useful

Session 3 What lives in the garden?

Objectives

Go outside and look carefully at the plants and flowers. Understand more of the role pollen plays in the growing of fruit and vegetables and create a large pollen sculpture out of clay!

Science Objectives
i) Identify and name a variety of common wild and garden plants, including deciduous and evergreen trees (1P).
ii) Identify, describe the basic structure of variety of common flowering plants, including trees (1P).

Working Scientifically

  1. Observe closely, using simple equipment.
  2. Identify and classify.
  3. Use their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions.

You Will Need

Provided Resources

  • 'Who's eaten the plant?’ resource
  • ‘What is pollen?’ resource
  • ‘How to make a clay pollen grain’ sheet

Additional Resources

  • Clipboards
  • Cameras
  • Sketch books
  • Air-drying clay
  • Clay board and tools

Weblinks
Video explaining pollination from www.bbc.co.uk

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Look carefully at plants for signs of them having been eaten and discuss what has eaten them.
  • Find flowers and identify and sketch them (Yr1).
  • In the classroom, look carefully at pollen and understand more about the role it plays in the growing of plants, vegetables and fruits (Yr2).
  • Create large pollen sculptures out of clay and display, along with facts, in the classroom.

Activities

  1. Examine plants for signs that they have been eaten and consider what is eating them.
  2. Understand what pollen is and the role it plays in helping to make new plants.
  3. Appreciate the wide variety of pollen grain designs and create large pollen sculptures out of clay.

Investigation - observing
Look carefully at plants for signs of them having been eaten and discuss what has eaten them. Create large pollen sculptures out of clay and display, along with facts, in the classroom.
Year 1 - Identify and sketch flowers.
Year 2 - Look carefully at pollen and understand more about the role it plays in the growing of plants, vegetables and fruits.

Vocabulary
Plant, leaf, grow, weed, change, living, water, healthy, similar to, different from, useful

Session 4 What's inside a flower?

Objectives

Ever wondered what is inside a flower? Take a look at flowers outside in the playground and then make a large model in the classroom.

Science Objectives
i) Identify and name a variety of common wild and garden plants, including deciduous and evergreen trees (1P).
ii) Identify, describe the basic structure of variety of common flowering plants, including trees (1P).

Working Scientifically

  1. Observe closely, using simple equipment.
  2. Identify and classify.
  3. Use their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions.

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Find flowers outside in the playground and carefully examine them with a magnifying glass.
  • Take a flower to pieces and label the parts (Yr1).
  • Make a large model of a flowering plant using junk modelling materials.
  • Understand the basic structure of a flower and the basic function of the main parts (Yr2).

Activities

  1. Understand the inside of a flower.
  2. Make a large model of the inside of a flower using junk modelling materials.
  3. Understand the basic structure of a flowering plant and the basic function of the main parts.

Investigation - exploring, researching and analysing secondary sources
Find flowers outside in the playground and carefully examine them with a magnifying glass. Sketch and photograph them. Make a large model of a flowering plant using junk modelling materials.
Year 1 - Take a flower to pieces and label the parts.
Year 2 - Understand the basic structure of a flower and the basic function of the main parts.

Vocabulary
Plant, leaf, grow, weed, change, living, water, healthy, similar to, different from, useful

Session 5 Looking closely

Objectives

Look closely at plants, including roots, stems and bulbs. Can you draw what you see through the magnifying glass? Can you label the parts of the plant?

Science Objectives
i) Observe and describe how seeds and bulbs grow into mature plants (2P).
ii) Find out, describe how plants need water, light, and a suitable temperature to stay healthy (2P).

Working Scientifically

  1. Ask simple questions and recognise that they can be answered in different ways.
  2. Observe closely, using simple equipment.
  3. Use their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions.
  4. Gather and record data to help answer questions.

You Will Need

Provided Resources

  • ‘Cut-up plants’ resource

Additional Resources

  • Different plants to cut open (carrots with roots and leaves, lettuce, celery, red cabbage, daffodils etc.)
  • Magnifying glasses
  • Sketch books or paper
  • Oil pastels
  • Other art media for detailed work - small paint brushes, paint, felt-tips

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Look carefully through magnifying glasses at plants and their parts (Yr1).
  • Talk about what they see, including facts about the stem and leaves (Yr2).
  • In teams, draw a close up section of the plant and piece together.

Activities

  1. Study parts of plants through magnifying glasses.
  2. Understand the parts of a plant, including facts about the stem and leaves and the seed coat left at the base of the plant (Yr2).

Investigation - exploring
In teams, draw a close up section of a plant and piece together.
Year 1 - Use magnifying glasses to observe plants and their parts.
Year 2 - Talk about what they see, including facts about the stem and leaves.

Vocabulary
Seed, bean, water, warmth, nutrients, leaves, stem, roots

Session 6 What's inside a tree?

Objectives

Look around at all the different trees in the area. Do leaf and bark rubbings outside, talk about trees and then create a large piece of art on the playground floor.

Science Objectives
i) Identify and name a variety of common wild and garden plants, including deciduous and evergreen trees (1P).
ii) Identify, describe the basic structure of variety of common flowering plants, including trees (1P).

Working Scientifically

  1. Observe closely, using simple equipment.
  2. Identify and classify.
  3. Use their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions.

You Will Need

Provided Resources

  • Images of trees
  • ‘Tree Measuring Challenge’
  • Quiz the visitor resource

Additional Resources

  • Leaves from deciduous and evergreen trees
  • Wax crayons
  • Tape measures or paper rulers
  • Chalk
  • Coloured paper
  • Strips of material (browns, greens, orange)
  • Skipping ropes
  • Bags
  • Large pieces of fabric

Teaching and Activities

Teaching

  • Explore the outdoor area, looking specifically at the trees (Yr1).
  • Note the variety of trees and discuss their similarities and differences in appearance (Yr2).
  • Do bark and leaf rubbings using paper and wax crayons.
  • Represent a tree through playground art, using cloths, chalk and found materials.

Activities

  1. Explore the outdoor area, looking specifically at the trees.
  2. Know the similarities and differences between evergreen and deciduous trees.
  3. Be aware of the role of the roots, bark, trunk, branches and leaves of a tree.

Investigation - exploring
Do bark and leaf rubbings. Understand the basic structure of a tree and what goes on inside. Represent the inside of a tree through playground art, using cloths, chalk and found materials.
Year 1 - Explore the outdoor area, looking specifically at the trees.
Year 2 - Note the variety of trees and discuss their similarities and differences in appearance.

Vocabulary
Plant, leaf, grow, deciduous, evergreen, roots, stem, leaves, flower, trunk, bark