### Planning and Activities

**Day 1 Teaching**

Revise telling the time, using *Tell the time* ITP. Tell the time in 5-minute increments from 9 o’clock, watching progress of the hour hand, then match to digital times. Tell the time in 1-minute intervals.

**Group Activities: T with Y3**

Y3 -- Read, write and make times past the hour (to 5 minutes) on analogue and digital clocks; some children may use clocks with Roman numerals.

Y4 -- Suggest start and finish times to the nearest minute for a day of given holiday activities. Make and match analogue and digital times to personal activities.

**Day 2 Teaching**

Match analogue times for the quarter hours to digital times. Stress that after half past the hour, we *say* that analogue clocks show the number of minutes *to* the next hour (though they show both minutes *past* and *to*).

**Further Teaching with Y4**

Introduce the 24-hour clock, matching analogue and digital times using Tell the time ITP.

**Group Activities: T with Y4**

Y3 -- Read, make and write times to the nearest 5 minutes on analogue and digital clocks. Find the time ‘5 minutes later’ or ‘15 minutes later’.

Y4 -- Order times presented in a 24-hour format. Or, match am/pm times to 24-hour clock equivalents in a game of bingo.

**Day 3 Teaching**

Use an IWB teaching clock to tell the time ‘now’, looking at the 12- and 24-hour digital equivalents. Advance the 12-hour digital clock in 1-hour increments, discussing what might be happening at each of these times.

**Further Teaching with Y4**

Read times accurately from the 24-hour clock.

**Group Activities: T with Y3**

*Use the in-depth problem-solving investigation ‘Dodgy digital clock’ as today’s group activity.*

Or, use these activities:

Y3 -- Order times presented in a range of formats. Or, make and write times on analogue clocks and in digital format.

Y4 -- Create and play pairs or snap games with analogue and digital times using am/pm and 24-hour clock formats.

**Day 4 Teaching**

Create a human digital clock. Create and convert am to pm times and vice versa. Match to analogue times. Observe the 12-hour analogue interval between 9:15am 9:15pm by watching and counting clock hand rotations.

**Further Teaching with Y3**

Begin to read the analogue clock in 1-minute intervals; observe digital equivalents using *Tell the time* ITP.

**Group Activities: T with Y3**

Y3 -- Read and set/write analogue and digital times.

Y4 -- Calculate start times of TV programmes; convert 24-hour clock times to 12-hour times (and vice versa) and into analogue format.