Maths Year 1/2 Spring Shape

Each unit has everything you need to teach a set of related skills and concepts.

Unit 1 2-D shapes (suggested as 3 days)

Planning and Activities

Day 1
Children close their eyes while you put a shape in a feely bag. Describe it. Children work in pairs to pick up a shape like the one you are describing. Describe and name different pentagons, hexagons and octagons.
Further Teaching with Y2
Display, discuss and note similarities in the ‘family’ of regular shapes, e.g. heptagon, octagon, nonagon and decagon.
Group Activities: T with Y1 or Y2
Y1 -- Make gummed shape pictures and describe the properties of the shapes that are used.
Y2 -- Sort shapes into hexagons, pentagons and octagons. Some children will explore making shapes using skipping ropes.

Day 2
Spot shapes around the classroom. Then slide shapes slowly behind a ‘wall’, children guess what shapes they are, also discussing what shapes they cannot be.
Group Activities: T with Y1 or Y2
Use the in-depth problem-solving investigation ‘Shape wheels’ as today’s group activity.
Or, use these activities:
Y1 -- Describe shapes to a partner then draw the shapes on whiteboards.
Y2 -- Draw a range of different pentagons, hexagons and octagons. Some children will put squares, rectangles and triangles together to create new shapes.

Day 3
Draw a range of squares, triangle, circles and rectangles of different proportions and orientations. Sort them into squares, triangles, circles and rectangles.
Further Teaching with Y2
Sort 4-sided shapes in Carroll diagrams.
Group Activities: T with Y2
Y1 – Sort and/or describe 2-D shapes according to given criteria.
Y2 -- Sort regular and irregular shapes into Carroll diagrams.

You Will Need

  • Lots of regular and irregular 2-D shapes, feely bag
  • Gummed shapes (or shape printing blocks)
  • Coloured card/paper; Skipping ropes; Box
  • ‘Match the shapes to the right set’ (see resources)
  • ‘Guess my shape’ sheet (see resources)
  • Geoboards and elastic bands or ‘Dotty paper’ (see resources)
  • ‘Sorting shapes’ (see resources)
  • Post-it™ notes; Large paper

Short Mental Workouts

Day 1
Patterns

Day 2
Properties of shapes

Day 3
Sorting coins

Worksheets

Day 1
Y1: Cut out shapes; write sentences/ words to describe them.
Y2: Use colour to sort shapes into pentagons, hexagons and octagons.

Day 2
Y1: Match circles, triangles, squares and rectangles to the correct sets.
Y2: Draw different pentagons, hexagons and octagons.

Day 3
Y1: Sort shapes into those with 1-4 or >4 sides.
Y2: Sort shapes into a Carroll diagram.

Mastery: Reasoning and Problem-Solving

Y1

  • My shape has 4 corners and 4 sides. Draw a shape that it might be.
  • On squared paper, draw 2 different squares and colour them in. Can you say why they are definitely both squares?
  • Name a shape that has:
    No straight sides.
    3 sides, all straight.
    4 sides where 2 are longer than the other 2.
  • Copy this table:
all straight sides1 or more curved sides
  • Identify 'flat' objects around the class, e.g. the clock face. Draw them in the table in the correct column.
  • What are the possible headings on the example table (see download)?

Y2

  • Draw 3 differently-shaped irregular hexagons. Draw another that has one line of symmetry.
  • True or false?
    All hexagons have straight sides.
    A pentagon is always house-shaped.
    Any shape with 4 sides and 4 right angles is a type of rectangle.
    A hexagon could have 4 right angles.

In-depth investigation: Shape wheels
Children make a sequence of coloured shapes, changing one attribute at a time so that the sequence can end where it started, so forming a circular sequence.

Extra Support

Y1
Shape Snakes
Making repeating shape patterns.

Y2
Jig Shapes
Describing shapes from a card so the rest of the group can work out what it is. Jig Shapes from nrich.maths.org

Unit 2 Symmetry (suggested as 2 days)

Planning and Activities

Day 1
Show a picture of a butterfly. Explore the pattern and discuss the fact that the pattern is the same on both sides of a line. Draw out the notion of symmetry and explore other symmetrical and non-symmetrical patterns.
Group Activities: T with Y1
Y1 -- Paint a pattern on one side of a butterfly, fold and open to reveal a symmetrical pattern. Some children will predict the other side of a symmetrical pattern.
Y2 -- Create and check symmetrical patterns on squared paper.

Day 2
Children identify butterflies with symmetrical patterns, and discuss other symmetrical objects.
Further Teaching with Y2
Sort 2-D shapes into those which are symmetrical and those which are not.
Group Activities: T with Y2
Use the in-depth problem-solving investigation ‘Colouring triangles’ from NRICH as today’s group activity.
Or, use these activities:
Y1 -- Make symmetrical patterns from painted string. Some children will sort play dough shapes into symmetrical or not symmetrical.
Y2 -- Sort shapes using an online game according to whether they are symmetrical or not. Some children will draw lines of symmetry on 2-D shapes

You Will Need

  • ‘Butterfly’ picture (see resources)
  • ‘Butterfly template’ (see resources)
  • Mirrors; Paint; String
  • ‘Symmetrical or not?’ images (see resources)
  • ‘Symmetrical patterns’ (see resources)
  • ‘Symmetrical patterns 2’ (see resources)
  • ‘Butterflies’ pictures (see resources)
  • Paper labelled ‘symmetrical’ and ‘not symmetrical’
  • Play dough; Cookie cutters; 2-D shapes
  • Internet access; Tablets/ laptops

Worksheets

Day 1
Y1: Cut out shapes; write sentences/ words to describe them.
Y2: Use colour to sort shapes into pentagons, hexagons and octagons.

Day 2
Y1: Match circles, triangles, squares and rectangles to the correct sets.
Y2: Draw different pentagons, hexagons and octagons.

Day 3
Y1: Sort shapes into those with 1-4 or >4 sides.
Y2: Sort shapes into a Carroll diagram.

Mastery: Reasoning and Problem-Solving

Y1 and Y2

  • Draw a symmetrical pattern by colouring squares on squared paper. You may only colour 24 squares in all (no more).
  • Draw a line of symmetry on each of these shapes (see download).
  • Draw a symmetrical shape with 2 straight lines and 1 curved line.

In-depth investigation: Colouring triangles
Explore ways of colouring a set of triangles. Can you make symmetrical patterns? Colouring triangles from nrich.maths.org.

Extra Support

This unit has no separate Extra Support activities.

Unit 3 3-D shapes (suggested as 2 days)

Planning and Activities

Day 1
Show 3-D faces, discuss what is the same and what is different. Describe their faces.
Group Activities: T with Y1 or Y2
Y1 -- Print 3-D shape faces onto paper and label the shapes.
Y2 -- Sort 3-D shapes according to properties. Some children will play 3-D shape bingo.

Day 2
Count faces and vertices (corners) of 3-D shapes, identify edges.
Group Activities: T with Y1 or Y2
Use the in-depth problem-solving investigation ‘Skeleton Shapes’ from NRICH as today’s group activity.
Or, use these activities:
Y1 -- Sort 3-D shapes into those that roll and those that do not. Some children will make a display from 3-D shapes, with name and description labels.
Y2 – Rotation of two activities: (1) Find the number of faces and vertices on 3-D shapes; (2) Create 3-D shapes from shape construction kits.

You Will Need

  • 3-D shapes (cubes, cuboids including large cuboid, cylinders, spheres, cones, pyramids and prisms)
  • Packaging/objects including a cone, cylinder, sphere, cube, cuboids of different proportions and a square-based pyramid
  • Trays of paint
  • Post-it™ notes; Large sheets of paper; Cubes
  • ‘2-D pictures of 3-D shapes’ (see resources)
  • ‘Bingo boards’ and ‘Bingo cards’ (see resources)
  • Large cuboid
  • ‘3-D shapes’ (see resources)
  • ‘Does roll and doesn’t roll’ (see resources, enlarge to A3)
  • Photographs of objects
  • Shape-building construction kits
  • ‘Faces and vertices’ and ‘Faces’ recording sheets (see resources)

Short Mental Workouts

Day 1
Guess the shape (2-D)

Day 2
Guess the shape (3-D)

Worksheets

Day 1
Y1 Name and describe 3-D shapes. Name 3-D shapes that have been used to make models.
Y2 Match names to 3-D shapes; write about their properties.

Day 2
Y1 Sort everyday 3-D shapes.
Y2 Complete a table of 3-D shape properties. Create clues to describe given 3-D shapes.

Mastery: Reasoning and Problem-Solving

Y1

  • (You will need a pile of 3-D shapes.)
    I have 6 square faces
    If I am one way up, I slide. If you turn me over, I roll.
    I am used in football.
    I can only slide. Not all my faces are the same but they are all rectangles.
  • True or false?
    No shape has only curved faces.
    2 shapes have 6 rectangle faces.
    No shape can both roll and slide.
  • Name 3 shapes that you can dip one side in paint to print a square.

Y2

  • What shape am I?
    I have 8 edges all the same length, and 6 identical faces.
    I have 1 curved face, 2 flat faces and 2 edges.
    I have 5 flat faces and 5 corners.
  • Which of these nets (see download) will fold into a cube?
  • Say or write one property of each shape, e.g. Has 2 flat faces. You may not write the same property twice.
  • Cube Cylinder Cuboid Pyramid

In-depth Investigation: Skeleton Shapes
How many balls of modelling clay and how many straws does it take to make these skeleton shapes? Skeleton Shapes from nrich.maths.org.