Fiction

English Year 6 Autumn Stories that Raise Issues

Outsiders

Discuss emotive issues in Eric (Shaun Tan) & The Island (Armin Greder) & write an outsider story. Revise cohesive devices: pronouns, adverbials, determiners, conjunctions, paragraphing.

The planning and resource documents for each session in this English block are free to all users.

We recommend that you start with the core unit, the heart of this English block of study. This introduces key textual material and sets the tone for any further units you wish to teach. These can be selected on the basis of the needs of your class – look at the green icons to identify the unit’s particular focus: SPAG, Composition or Comprehension. Whichever units you choose, we suggest teaching them in order, as there is a built-in progression indicated by the numbering.

‘UNIT PLAN’ gives you a text version of all parts of the unit to use in your school planning documentation. ‘DOWNLOAD ALL FILES’ gives you that unit plan plus all of the associated documents. These bulk downloads are added value for Hamilton Friends and School Subscribers.

Core
Unit 1 Core: Introduction to the idea of outsiders; empathy; cohesion
(suggested as 3 days)

Objectives

Spoken Language
-- Listen and respond appropriately.
-- Use relevant strategies to build their vocabulary.
-- Give well-structured descriptions, explanations and narratives for different purposes, including for expressing feelings.
-- Use spoken language to develop understanding through speculating, hypothesising, imagining and exploring ideas.
-- Consider and evaluate different viewpoints.

Word Reading
None for this unit

Comprehension
-- Draw inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions.

 


-- Predict what might happen.

Transcription
None for this unit

Composition
-- Use a wide range of devices to build cohesion within paragraphs.

Grammar
-- Use and understand the grammatical terminology in English Appendix 2 accurately and appropriately in discussing their writing and reading (pronouns & determiners).

You Will Need

Texts
Eric by Shaun Tan

Presentations
Grammar PowerPoint: Pronouns and Determiners

Teaching and Activities

Day 1 Teaching
Discuss emotions around feeling like an outsider. Introduce Eric by Shaun Tan and share first two pages. Discuss the meaning of ‘alien’: unfamiliar/strange.
Activity
In small groups, children describe a time when they felt like an outsider.

Day 2 Teaching
Share Eric, discussing the character’s experiences as an outsider and how the family felt about the ‘cultural differences’ between them.
Activity
Children use illustrations to discuss objects which may have confused or intrigued Eric. They empathise with Eric, making inferences and predictions about his feelings and questions, recording their ideas in short paragraphs.

Day 3 Teaching
Revise and extend children’s knowledge of cohesion using PowerPoint: Pronouns and Determiners (see resources).
Activity
Children identify, explore using and replacing pronouns and determiners and write cohesively about an imagined daytrip with Eric. Differentiated activities are led by a Pronouns and Determiners prompt sheet (see resources).

SPAG: Grammar and Punctuation

Pronouns and Determiners PowerPoint
This PowerPoint recaps cohesion before revising the identification and function of pronouns and determiners and their role in cohesive writing.

SPAG
Unit 2 SPAG: Cohesive writing: conjunctions
(suggested as 2 days)

Objectives

Spoken Language
None for this unit

Word Reading
None for this unit

Comprehension
None for this unit

Transcription
None for this unit

Composition
-- Identify audience for and purpose of writing, selecting the appropriate form.

 


-- Use a wide range of devices to build cohesion within paragraphs.
-- Note and develop initial ideas drawing on reading.
-- Select appropriate grammar and vocabulary.
-- Proof read for spelling and punctuation errors.

Grammar
-- Use and understand the grammatical terminology in English Appendix 2 accurately and appropriately in discussing their writing and reading (pronouns & determiners, conjunctions).

You Will Need

Texts
Eric by Shaun Tan

Presentations
Grammar PowerPoint: Conjunctions

Teaching and Activities

Day 1 Teaching
Reread end of Eric, discussing Eric’s sudden departure. Speculate about his reasons for leaving and how it made the family feel. Plan the structure of a letter which Eric could have written to give the family some closure.

Activity
Individually, children write a letter in the role of Eric, thanking the family, providing reasons for leaving and giving details of what he will do next. Children use pronouns and determiners to ensure cohesion in their writing.

Day 2 Teaching
Revise conjunctions using the PowerPoint: Conjunctions (see resources). Children read their letters from Day 1 and assess for cohesion, identifying areas which could be improved, including with conjunctions.
Activity
Children annotate and improve their letters, thinking about spelling, punctuation and cohesion (including conjunctions). They redraft these into cohesive pieces of writing.

SPAG: Grammar and Punctuation

Conjunctions PowerPoint
This PowerPoint revises conjunctions, how they create cohesion and how they are punctuated.

Comprehension
Unit 3 Comprehension: Complex issues and point of view
(suggested as 3 days)

Objectives

Spoken Language
-- Listen and respond to adults and their peers.
-- Give well-structured descriptions, explanations and narratives.
-- Use spoken language to develop understanding through speculating, hypothesising, imagining and exploring ideas.
-- Consider and evaluate different viewpoints.

Word Reading
None for this unit

Comprehension
-- Continue to read a wide range of books.
-- Draw inferences including inferring characters’ feelings and motives from their actions, and justifying inferences with evidence.

 


-- Participate in discussions about books, building on ideas and challenging views courteously.

Transcription
None for this unit

Composition
-- Identify audience for and purpose of writing, selecting the appropriate form.
-- Consider how authors have developed characters and settings.
-- Select appropriate grammar and vocabulary, understanding how such choices can change and enhance meaning.

Grammar
None for this unit

Teaching and Activities

Day 1 Teaching
Discuss the meaning of the term, ‘refugee’ and what children understand about this complex issue. Watch a UNICEF made video about the life of one child refugee.
Activity
Role play a visiting refugee, encouraging children to ask sensitive questions to find out more about why people become refugees and what the experience is like. Children imagine being a refugee and how that might feel.

Day 2 Teaching
Share The Island by Armin Greder, discussing the illustrations and issues it raises.
Activity
In pairs, children discuss and answer questions about The Island (see resources) which encourage them to make inferences and to justify answers when there is no one definitive answer.

Day 3 Teaching
Reread the section of The Island which focuses on how the islanders reacted to the Stranger living in the goat pen. Make links between the fictional headline and real ones in recent newspapers (see resources).
Activity
Children write a newspaper report which presents the islanders’ point of view with the headline ’Foreigner Spreads Fear in Town’. They use techniques such as using quotes and backing up statements with evidence from the book.

SPAG
Unit 4 SPAG: Cohesion: adverbs and adverbials
(suggested as 3 days)

Objectives

Spoken Language
None for this unit

Word Reading
None for this unit

Comprehension
None for this unit

Transcription
None for this unit

 

Composition
-- Use a wide range of devices to build cohesion within and across paragraphs.
-- Précis longer passages.

Grammar
-- Use and understand the grammatical terminology in English Appendix 2 (revise adverbs, including those for time, place, manner; and adverbials, including fronted adverbials).

You Will Need

Texts
The Island by Armin Greder

Presentations
Grammar PowerPoint: Adverbs & Adverbials (Cohesion)

Teaching and Activities

Day 1 Teaching
Revise adverbs using PowerPoint: Adverbs & Adverbials (slides 2-5), focusing in particular on their cohesive function. Check that children can identify adverbs by their function, rather than just relying on the -ly suffix as several adverbs do not end this way (fast, hard, then etc.)
Activity
Using the resource, Adverbs Sheet (see resources), children identify, select and then use adverbs in their own writing. Challenge the more able to consider the impact of adverb placement and the implications for punctuation.

Day 2 Teaching
Revise adverbials using PowerPoint: Adverbs & Adverbials (slides 6-9). Distribute Adverbials sheet (see resources), checking children’s understanding as they complete the challenge. Return to The Island, reminding children of the jobs discussed for the stranger. What were they? Imagine if he was given a chance. What might happen?
Activity
Children choose a job and imagine that the stranger was given a chance. What might happen? Children write an account of one or more attempts, in the role of the stranger. They should use adverbs and adverbials to link their ideas,

Day 3 Teaching
Re-read The Island, asking children to think about the plot events, particularly shifts in setting or time. Discuss paragraphing and how cohesion can be created by using adverbials, using PowerPoint: Adverbs and Adverbials (slides 10-13). Children will write or improve a precis of The Island, using cohesive adverbials.
Activity
Easier: Children read and then re-write/edit the passage (see resources) using adverbs and adverbials, focusing especially on creating flow between paragraphs.
Harder: Write a precis of the book using adverbials without the plan resource, but the list of adverbs on slide 3 will be useful here as an aide-memoire.

SPAG: Grammar and Punctuation

Adverbs and Adverbials (Cohesion) PowerPoint
Revise adverbs and how they can be used for cohesion. Revise adverbials and how they provide cohesion within/between paragraphs in the context of fiction.

Composition
Unit 5 Composition: Extended writing: write an outsider story
(suggested as 5 days)

Objectives

Spoken Language
None for this unit

Word Reading
None for this unit

Comprehension
None for this Unit

Transcription
-- Use dictionaries to check the spelling.
-- Use the first three or four letters of a word to check spelling in a dictionary.

Composition
-- Identify the audience for and purpose of the writing, selecting the appropriate form and using other similar writing as models for their own.
-- Note and develop initial ideas, drawing on reading and research where necessary.
-- In writing narratives, consider how authors have developed characters and settings.
-- Select appropriate grammar and vocabulary, understanding how such choices can change and enhance meaning.

 


-- In narratives, describe settings, characters and atmosphere and integrate dialogue to convey character and advance the action.
-- Use a wide range of devices to build cohesion within and across paragraphs.
-- Assess the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing.
-- Propose changes to vocabulary, grammar and punctuation to enhance effects and clarify meaning.
-- Proof-read for spelling and punctuation errors.
-- Perform their own compositions, using appropriate intonation.

Grammar
Use and understand the grammatical terminology in English Appendix 2 accurately and appropriately in discussing their writing (adverbs, adverbials, conjunctions, pronouns and determiners for cohesion).

You Will Need

Texts
Eric by Shaun Tan

Optional Texts
The Island by Armin Greder

Teaching and Activities

Day 1 Teaching
Remind children of the outsider stories they have read. Discuss ideas with a partner for a new outsider story prompted by ‘Our stories: Things to ponder’ (see resources).
Activity
Using planning sheets (see resources), children plan a new story, thinking carefully about setting, character and how the main character is an outsider. For less able, plan as an adult supported group, and then photocopy for individual use for the rest of the unit.

Day 2 Teaching
Share/display a modelled plan. Identify the parts which will be useful for writing the opening. Model writing the opening, including adverbs and adverbials for cohesion. Discuss and display further adverbials which children may find useful today to link paragraphs.
Activity
Children start writing their stories, using their plans produced on Day 1. Use mini plenaries to focus on effective creation of cohesion, using adverbs and adverbials to show when and where the events took place, especially where they are used to link between paragraphs.

Day 3 Teaching
Discuss the content and function of the build-up to the story: the outsider appears, and the locals react. Discuss the opportunities to use determiners and pronouns for cohesion and clarity. Revise dialogue punctuation if needed.
Activity
Children write the build up to their stories. Encourage children to use pronouns and determiners to provide cohesion. Remind children to continue to use adverbs and adverbials, especially to give links between paragraphs.

Day 4 Teaching
Children review plans and discuss what they will write today: the crisis and the resolution. Remind children of conjunctions and how they can be used to make links to do with cause, time, place and contrast. Model writing the opening of the crisis section of the shared story.
Activity
Children write the crisis and ending to their stories: this could be happily or unhappily! Use mini plenaries to focus on effective creation of cohesion, using conjunctions. Remind children to continue to use the cohesive devices you have been practising.

Day 5 Teaching
Ask children to read their stories to a partner. Can their partner spot cohesive adverbials, conjunctions, determiners or pronouns? Ask children to make quick notes on any areas to improve. Remind children that they can check spellings with a dictionary.
Activity
Children improve their writing, using the notes they made with their writing partner. Then children focus on punctuation and spelling. They can lastly make a final check for the impact of their stories. Are there any vocabulary choices which could be improved?