WW2 in Europe & the Battle of Britain
Churchill and Key Moments of the War

Become curators of a Churchill exhibition! Develop an understanding of who Churchill was and his significance as a leader. Gather facts from a range of sources and identify key information which you go on to share with visitors.

Session 1 Researching Churchill

Objectives

History

  • Develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history, establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study.
  • Study an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066 – Churchill/key moments in WW2.
  • Understand how our knowledge of the past is constructed from a range of sources; to construct informed responses that involve thoughtful selection and organisation of relevant historical information.

English

  • Identify the audience for and purpose of writing, selecting the appropriate form, and using other similar writing as models for their own.
  • Develop initial ideas for writing, drawing on reading and research.

Teaching and Activities

Introduce Winston Churchill and begin to research facts about Britain’s wartime leader. Learn to select and evaluate information from a range of sources.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To research and select historical information about Churchill’s life.
  • To write captions to accompany photos of Churchill during the war and write fictional quotes using historical context for content.

Children will:

  • Develop an understanding of who Churchill was and his significance as a leader.
  • Become curators of a Churchill exhibition, identifying significant pieces of historic information and gathering facts from a range of sources.
  • Create captions to accompany photos of Churchill during the war.
  • Write possible ‘quotes’ from people who encountered Churchill during the war.

You Will Need

  • Printed records (newspaper, etc.)
  • Books on Churchill/WW2
  • Photos of Churchill

Session 2 Mapping key events and exploring the speeches that accompanied them

Objectives

History

  • Develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history, establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study
  • Study an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066 – Churchill/ key moments in WW2.

Geography

  • Use maps to locate European countries and major cities.
  • Name and locate some counties and cities of the United Kingdom.
  • Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries.

English

  • Identify how language, structure and presentation contribute to meaning.
  • Discuss and evaluate how authors use language, including figurative language, considering the impact on the reader.

Teaching and Activities

Investigate three key events from early in the war – Operation Dynamo, The Battle of Britain, and the Blitz – look at the inspirational speeches that Churchill made to accompany these events and map them using Geographical skills.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To learn about and analyse Churchill’s reaction to the Dunkirk evacuation, the Battle of Britain and the Blitz.
  • To create maps identifying European cities and countries that relate to some key events in WW2.
  • To analyse Churchill’s speeches and pick out ‘powerful’ quotes that use highly emphatic and emotive language.

Children will:

  • Explore the role Churchill had in Dunkirk, the Battle of Britain and the Blitz.
  • Create ‘Cabinet War Rooms’ maps showing Dunkirk, the Battle of Britain and the Blitz.
  • Analyse Churchill’s speeches and link them to Dunkirk, Battle of Britain, or the Blitz.
  • Select ‘powerful’ quotes from Churchill’s speeches to accompany the exhibition.

Provided Resources

  • Event cards
  • Sample maps and atlases
  • Image of inside of Cabinet War Rooms
  • Modern quotes
  • Speech extracts

You Will Need

You do not need any particular resources for this session.

Session 3 Remembering Dunkirk through poetry and art

Objectives

History

  • Develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history, establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study.
  • Study an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066 – Churchill/ key moments in WW2.
  • Understand how our knowledge of the past is constructed from a range of sources.

English

  • Identify how language, structure and presentation contribute to meaning.
  • Discuss and evaluate how authors use language, including figurative language, considering the impact on the reader.

Art

  • Improve their mastery of painting techniques.

Teaching and Activities

Using a range of sources, look at how the Dunkirk evacuation is remembered. Work to create your own ‘remembrances’ using paint and verse.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To use recounts and photographs to establish the events of the Dunkirk rescue.
  • To write a verse of a poem, using poetic and emotive language to engage the reader.
  • To use watercolours to paint a picture of the events of the Dunkirk evacuation.

Children will:

  • Analyse prose and art that reflects on Dunkirk in comparison with historical recount and photographs.
  • Write a class poem that reflects on the events at Dunkirk.
  • Use Churchill’s paint of choice, watercolours, to paint the Dunkirk evacuation.
  • Create an exhibition ‘Reflections of Churchill’s War’ showcasing their poetry and art, as well as the maps, captions and quotes previously created.

Provided Resources

  • Poem verses
  • Examples of Churchill’s paintings
  • Watercolour mixing techniques

You Will Need

  • The Little Ships by Louise Borden (illustrated by Michael Foreman)