Upper Key Stage 2 Earth Matters
Climate Zones and Biomes

Create a Biome in a Bag and a DIY Eden Project with its own mini guide or poster, based on their research using maps, globes, atlases, digital mapping, websites and a visit to a manmade biome. This block teaches the children about the key aspects of climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts.

Session 1 Biomes of the world

Objectives

Geography

  • Describe and understand key aspects of climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts.
  • Use maps, atlases and globes to locate countries and describe features studied.

English

  • Develop ideas, drawing on reading and research.
  • Develop wider skills in spoken language.
  • Pupils’ confidence, enjoyment and mastery of language should be extended though public speaking, performance and debate.

Planning and Activities

Be introduced to the main land biomes of the world; research a biome and role-play life as an indigenous person living in the biome.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To understand features of biomes and identify indigenous peoples.
  • To successfully role-play as an indigenous person living in the researched biome.

Children will:

  • Understand the term ‘biome’ and identify biomes of the world.
  • Understand features of biomes, including vegetation, wildlife and climate.
  • Identify indigenous peoples of the biomes.
  • Using research, role-play as an indigenous person living in the researched biome.

You Will Need

You do not need any particular resources for this session.

Session 2 Light, water and nutrients

Objectives

Geography

  • Describe and understand key aspects of climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts.
  • Use maps, atlases and globes to locate countries and describe features studied.

Science

  • Gain a deeper understanding of a biome as an ecological community.

Planning and Activities

Make a biome in a bag and observe it over a number of days thereby learning about photosynthesis, the water cycle and the relationships between climate, nutrients and vegetation within ecosystems.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To understand the interdependency of organisms in a biome.
  • To understand the role of the water cycle in a biome and understand condensation and know about photosynthesis.

Children will:

  • Understand the water cycle.
  • Understand how biomes need the right conditions to generate growth – light, heat and food.
  • Gain an understanding of photosynthesis.

You Will Need

  • 2-litre plastic bottles
  • Large freezer bags
  • Small pebbles
  • Potting soil
  • Seeds (grass, flower, etc.)
  • Water
  • A window sill
  • Water cycle diagram
  • A camera

Session 3 Visit to a biome

Objectives

Geography

  • Describe and understand key aspects of climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts.
  • Use maps, atlases, and globes to locate countries and describe features studied.

Science

  • Identify how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environment in different ways

Planning and Activities

Visit a biome (either a local natural or artificial) and make annotated sketches of the observations.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To understand how organisms adapt to cope with life in their biome.
  • To consider the adaptations of living things in the biome and how their adaptations have enabled them to survive.

Children will:

  • Experience at first hand a manmade biome, including vegetation and wildlife.
  • Gain understanding of global response to preservation of the rainforests by discussing the question, “Why are artificial biomes so important?”
  • Understand and empathise with indigenous peoples of a biome, by having a glimpse into the temperatures, vegetation and wildlife they experience.
  • Look closely at the vegetation of the biome, by undertaking life drawing.

Provided Resources

This session does not need any provided resources.

You Will Need

You do not need any particular resources for this session.

Session 4 Save the planet

Objectives

Geography

  • Describe and understand key aspects of climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts.
  • Use maps, atlases, and globes to locate countries and describe features studied.

English

  • Develop ideas, drawing on reading and research.
  • Pupils’ confidence, enjoyment and mastery of language should be extended though public speaking, performance and debate.
  • Use organisational devices to structure text.

Planning and Activities

Learn about the balance within and interdependent nature of ecosystems. Research environmental problems and solutions, and create posters and give presentations on the research.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To understand the delicate interdependent nature of ecosystems and know about global environmental problems and solutions.
  • To use research to inform writing and present persuasive arguments.

Children will:

  • Comprehend the delicate interdependent nature of ecosystems.
  • Know about global environmental problems and solutions.
  • Use their research to inform their writing.
  • Create posters and give presentations that include persuasive arguments.

Provided Resources

This session does not need any provided resources.

You Will Need

  • Materials for poster making (large sheets of paper, colouring pencils/pens/crayons, etc.)

Session 5 Build a model Eden Project

Objectives

Geography

  • Describe and understand key aspects of climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts.
  • Use maps, atlases and globes to locate countries and describe features studied.

Design and Technology

  • Select from and use materials, including construction materials and textiles, according to their functional properties and aesthetic qualities.

Planning and Activities

Using arts and crafts materials, the children construct a model Eden Project: a representation of a biome of their choice.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To understand the contents of a biome and how the living things in the biome are placed together.
  • To construct a model Eden Project selecting suitable materials for the content.

Children will:

  • Understand the features of their chosen biome by building a model of it.
  • Construct a model Eden Project selecting suitable materials for the content.

Provided Resources

  • Eden Project fact sheet
  • Model Eden Project instruction sheet

You Will Need

  • Tissue paper
  • Straws
  • Modelling foliage/painted sponge
  • Clear plastic
  • Domed cup lids/large plastic bottles
  • A camera

Session 6 Come and visit!

Objectives

Geography

  • Describe and understand key aspects of climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts.
  • Use maps, atlases, and globes to locate countries and describe features studied.

English

  • Be able to identify the audience for and purpose of the writing, selecting the appropriate form and using similar writing as models for their own.
  • Use organisational devices to structure text.

Planning and Activities

Having made the biome models, make a guide or poster to accompany the model, providing tourist information with an emphasis on conservation issues.

Teaching Outcomes:

  • To understand that the threats faced by the various biomes of the world are serious and urgent.
  • To write a tourist guide/poster for the biome made in the previous session.

Children will:

  • Understand that the threats faced by the various biomes of the world are serious and urgent.
  • Create a tourist guide/poster using appropriate language and style.

Provided Resources

This session does not need any provided resources.

You Will Need

  • Materials for poster/guide making (large sheets of paper, colouring pencils/pens/crayons, etc.)