Non-fiction

English Year 5 Autumn Recounts

UFOs and Aliens

Word classes, noun phrases, fronted adverbials and paragraphs are taught within the context of writing recounts and newspaper reports about UFO accounts.

We recommend that you start with the core unit, the heart of this English block of study. This introduces key textual material and sets the tone for any further units you wish to teach. These can be selected on the basis of the needs of your class – look at the green icons to identify the unit’s particular focus: SPAG, Composition or Comprehension. Whichever units you choose, we suggest teaching them in order, as there is a built-in progression indicated by the numbering.

‘UNIT PLAN’ gives you a text version of all parts of the unit to use in your school planning documentation. ‘DOWNLOAD ALL FILES’ gives you that unit plan plus all of the associated documents.

Core
Unit 1 Core: Reading and understanding different types of recount
(suggested as 4 days)

Objectives

Spoken Language
-- Use spoken language to develop understanding through speculating, hypothesising, imagining and exploring ideas.
-- Articulate and justify answers, arguments and opinions.

Word Reading
None for this unit

Comprehension
-- Increase their familiarity with a wide range of books.
-- Continue to read and discuss an increasingly wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, non-fiction.
-- Identify how language, structure and presentation contribute to meaning.
-- Retrieve, record and present information from non- fiction.
-- Discuss and evaluate how authors use language, including figurative language, considering the impact on the reader.

 


-- Distinguish between statements of fact and opinion.

Transcription
None for this unit

Composition
-- Note and develop initial ideas, drawing on reading and research where necessary.
-- Select the appropriate form and using other similar writing as models for their own.
-- Assess the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing.

Grammar
None for this unit

You Will Need

Texts
UFOs and Aliens: Investigating Extra-terrestrial Visitors - Extreme! by Paul Mason
UFO Diary by Satoshi Kitamura

Teaching and Activities

Day 1 Teaching
Read UFO Diary by Satoshi Kitamura. Talk about the book: likes, dislikes, puzzles and connections.
Activity
Work with a partner to plan a sequel to UFO diary. Talk about the genre of diaries and explore recount language features.

Day 2 Teaching
Re-read UFO Diary by Satoshi Kitamura. Create a class checklist for recount writing. Model writing a draft from Day 1’s plans.
Activity
Write a sequel to UFO diary. Share and improve this writing with a partner. Watch a video clip of a real-life UFO sighting. Discuss whether the US government should spend money tracking UFOs.

Day 3 Teaching
Introduce UFOs and Aliens by Paul Mason, looking in particular at p4 and p5. Watch a short video clip to introduce Kenneth Arnold.
Activity
Read text about Kenneth Arnold from UFOs and Aliens. Answer questions about this and discuss how it could be presented. Look at the actual presentation from the book.

Day 4 Teaching
Introduce two recounts about Kenneth Arnold’s sighting: a first-person account and a newspaper article. Annotate these to show recount language features.
Activity
Work in pairs with further extracts from the newspaper article and first-person account. Complete activities exploring language features. Compare the three texts from this unit as examples of recount.

SPAG
Unit 2 SPaG: Word classes and expanded noun phrases
(suggested as 3 days)

Objectives

Spoken Language
None for this unit

Word Reading
None for this unit

Comprehension
None for this unit

Transcription
None for this unit

Composition
-- Use a thesaurus.
-- Select appropriate grammar and vocabulary, understanding how such choices can change and enhance meaning.

 

-- Propose changes to vocabulary, grammar and punctuation to enhance effects and clarify meaning.
-- Assess the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing.
-- Perform their own compositions, using appropriate intonation, volume, and movement so that meaning is clear.

Grammar
-- Revision of Appendix 2 Terminology: noun, noun phrase, adjective, adverb (Y2) determiner, pronoun, possessive pronoun (Y4).
-- Use expanded noun phrases to convey complicated information concisely Understand the concept of a head noun.

You Will Need

Texts
UFO Diary by Satoshi Kitamura

Presentations
SPaG PowerPoint: Word Classes and Expanded Noun Phrases

Teaching and Activities

Day 1 Teaching
Read and discuss UFO Diary by Satoshi Kitamura looking at the illustrations and the language features. Use words from one sentence and sort into word classes. Model how to use a thesaurus to find alternatives for some of these words.
Activity
Use words from a second sentence to sort into word classes. Use a thesaurus to find synonyms and alternatives.

Day 2 Teaching
Ask a pair of children to read UFO Diary and then evaluate their reading together. Use a Powerpoint to clarify understanding of noun phrases. Model writing an expanded noun phrase about an object from UFO Diary.
Activity
Write expanded noun phrases about other objects from UFO diary. Look at the use of verbs in another sentence from the book and talk about variety when writing memorable sentences.

Day 3 Teaching
Identify some of the language features in the first three sentences of the book. Write an alternative version of these sentences together.
Activity
Work in groups to create a week of alternative visits for the alien, modelling sentences on those from the book. Hear these sentences read together.

SPaG: Grammar and Punctuation

Word Classes and Expanded Noun Phrases PowerPoint
Revise word classes, including determiners and possessive pronouns; identify how different types of word are combined to create expanded noun phrases.

Comprehension
Unit 3 Comprehension: Identifying and analysing different types of recount
(suggested as 4 days)

Objectives

Spoken Language
-- Participate in discussions.
-- Maintain attention and participate actively in collaborative conversations, staying on topic and initiating ideas.
-- Ask relevant questions to extend understanding and knowledge.

Word Reading
None for this unit

Comprehension
-- Draw inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions, and justifying inferences with evidence.
-- Summarise the main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details to support the main ideas.
-- Distinguish between statements of fact and opinion.
-- Identify how language, structure and presentation contribute to meaning.

 


-- Retrieve, record and present information from non- fiction.
-- Participate in discussions about books, building on their own and others’ ideas and challenging views courteously.

Transcription
None for this unit

Composition
-- Note and develop initial ideas, drawing on reading and research where necessary.
-- Use further organisational and presentational devices to structure text and to guide the reader.
-- Assess the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing.

Grammar
None for this unit

You Will Need

Texts
UFOs and Aliens: Investigating Extra-terrestrial Visitors - Extreme! by Paul Mason

Teaching and Activities

Day 1 Teaching
Set a challenge for all children to write about what has happened at school so far today. Compare children’s writing seeing how they focus on different things.
Activity
Read and compare different recounts of a fictional school assembly. Use inference to understand more deeply and discuss the idea of truth.

Day 2 Teaching
Read the Halt Memo that was written after the Rendlesham Forest incident. Work out together the events that it described.
Activity
Read the eye-witness accounts of servicemen at Rendlesham Forest. Compare what they said and start to build up a picture of the event.

Day 3 Teaching
Read a newspaper article about the Rendlesham Forest incident. Look at language features and the sensational tone of the article.
Activity
Read and analyse a further newspaper article. Contrast the two and discuss the explanations.

Day 4 Teaching
Read an encyclopaedia entry about the Rendlesham Forest incident. Discuss the language features of this type of recount.
Activity
Work in groups to design a double page overview of the Rendlesham Forest incident. Compare this with the pages in UFOs and Aliens. Talk together about what the writer of this book seems to believe.

SPAG
Unit 4 SPAG: Cohesion within and between paragraphs, including use of fronted adverbials
(suggested as 3 days)

Objectives

Spoken Language
-- Articulate and justify answers, arguments and opinions.

Word Reading
-- Apply their growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (morphology and etymology), both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words that they meet.

Comprehension
-- Continue to read and discuss a wide range of non-fiction.

Transcription
-- Understand that the spelling of some words needs to be learnt specifically .

Composition
-- Organise paragraphs around a theme (Y4).
-- Use a wide range of devices to build cohesion within and across paragraphs.

 


-- Select appropriate grammar and vocabulary, understanding how such choices can enhance meaning.
-- Assess the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing.
-- Propose changes to vocabulary, grammar and punctuation to enhance effects and clarify meaning.

Grammar
-- Use fronted adverbials (Y4).
-- Learn the grammar for Y5/6 in Appendix 2.
-- Link ideas across paragraphs using adverbials of time, place and number [for example, secondly] or tense choices.
-- Use commas after fronted adverbials (Y4).
-- Use devices to build cohesion within a paragraph [for example, then, after that, this, firstly].

You Will Need

Texts
UFOs and Aliens: Investigating Extra-terrestrial Visitors - Extreme! by Paul Mason

Presentations
SPaG PowerPoint: Adverbials for Cohesion

Teaching and Activities

Day 1 Teaching
Display and discuss p14-17 from UFOs and Aliens by Paul Mason about the Roswell Incident. Become familiar with the incident and look together at how the text is organised. Revise the use of paragraphs using a slide from a PowerPoint.
Activity
Read then sort sentences about the Roswell Incident into five paragraphs. Compare decisions with another pair of children.

Day 2 Teaching
Display and discuss p17 from UFOs and Aliens by Paul Mason and recap Day 1’s learning about the incident and about paragraphs. Use a PowerPoint to teach the use of adverbials to create cohesion between paragraphs.
Activity
Make a bank of adverbials collected from reading books or sort adverbials into categories. Look at how these adverbials could be used with the sentences from Day 1.

Day 3 Teaching
Compare two versions of a paragraph about the Roswell Incident, deciding which has most cohesion. Analyse the devices that have been used and then model improving another paragraph using some of the same devices.
Activity
Edit and improve further paragraphs, creating greater cohesion. Compare writing and notice the devices that have been used. Come back to UFOs and Aliens and look for the devices that the writer has used.

SPaG: Grammar and Punctuation

Adverbials for Cohesion PowerPoint
Revise paragraphs and fronted adverbials in the context of achieving cohesion with and across paragraphs using these to indicate place, time or order.

Composition
Unit 5 Composition: Writing first-person accounts and newspaper reports
(suggested as 4 days)

Objectives

Spoken Language
-- Maintain attention and participate actively in collaborative conversations, staying on topic and initiating and responding to comments.
-- Participate in presentations.
-- Gain, maintain and monitor the interest of the listeners.

Word Reading
None for this unit

Comprehension
None for this unit

Transcription
-- Choose the writing implement that is best suited for a task.

Composition
-- Note and develop initial ideas, drawing on reading and research where necessary.
-- Identify the audience for and purpose of the writing, selecting the appropriate form and using other similar writing as models for their own.

 


-- Select appropriate grammar and vocabulary, understanding how such choices can change and enhance meaning.
-- Assess the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing.
-- Propose changes to vocabulary, grammar and punctuation to enhance effects and clarify meaning.
-- Ensure the consistent and correct use of tense throughout a piece of writing.
-- Proofread for spelling and punctuation errors.
-- Use further organisational and presentational devices to structure text and to guide the reader.

Grammar
None for this unit

You Will Need

Texts
UFOs and Aliens: Investigating Extra-terrestrial Visitors - Extreme! by Paul Mason

Teaching and Activities

Day 1 Teaching
Read and talk about the Gulf Breeze Hoax in UFOs and Aliens by Paul Mason. Talk together about hoaxes and explain the audience for the writing that children will create in this unit.
Activity
Work in groups of three to plan the details of a hoax UFO sighting. Prepare a thirty second spoken summary of ideas and present this to the rest of the class.

Day 2 Teaching
Hot-seat the role of eyewitnesses to the sightings planned on Day 1. Read and analyse a First Person Account and revisit Recount Language Features.
Activity
Individually draft eye-witness accounts based on the hoax sighting planned on Day 1. Share these in the groups of three and check that they are consistent. Share writing with a partner and make suggestions for improvements.

Day 3 Teaching
Give feedback about First-Person Accounts from Day 2. Read and analyse a Newspaper Report and relate to Recount Language Features. Share ideas for headlines.
Activity
Individually draft Newspaper Reports and then share in groups of three.

Day 4 Teaching
Give feedback about draft Newspaper Reports from Day 3. Discuss Further Ideas to add to these two pieces of writing.
Activity
Complete First-Person Accounts and Newspaper Reports and add additional items. Share completed work with your audience.