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Block F - Culture and Art

Children learn about life in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age, a period covering a million years of history. As well as understanding the chronology of this fascinating time, children will learn about the food, religion, homes, technology and art and how each of these areas developed and changed over time and how amazing developments occurred from the Stone Age to the Iron Age.

Learn about the fascinating culture and art of prehistoric people. Research art and music in prehistory; make Ice Age art and replica art objects from the Neolithic, Bronze and Iron Ages; make replica musical instruments; take part in an improvised performance using the musical instruments you have made and present your work in an assembly.

This Topic is written for Lower Key Stage 2. We also have an Upper Key Stage 2 Topic on Stone Age to Iron Age which is suited to that age range in its outcomes, content, delivery methods, resources and differentiation, as well as National Curriculum objectives. If you want to use this material for any other age range, you will need to consider how to adapt it appropriately.

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01: Introduction to culture and art

Find a cave in the classroom decorated with art. What could the art mean?

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02: Ice Age art and music

Research Palaeolithic art and paint and sculpt as Ice Age artists would have. Make and play a Stone Age flute.

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03: Neolithic art and music

Find out that there was a taboo about depicting humans in the Neolithic art, and learn how to carve replica objects. Make and play replica drums.

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04: Bronze Age art and music

Research Bronze Age artistic expression on metalwork and make replicas. Make replica Bronze Age horns and play them.

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05: Iron Age art and music

Research Iron Age artistic expression in metalwork and make replicas. Convert their Bronze Age horns into carnyxes.

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06: Performance

Take part in an improvised performance of their prehistoric instruments for an assembly.

Block E - Homes and Everyday Life

Children learn about life in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age, a period covering a million years of history. As well as understanding the chronology of this fascinating time, children will learn about the food, religion, homes, technology and art and how each of these areas developed and changed over time and how amazing developments occurred from the Stone Age to the Iron Age.

Learn about the development of homes and settlements from the Stone Age to the Iron Age. Investigate life as a villager. Research daily tasks, recreate houses, weave with wool, and share learning with others using whole-class role-play.

This Topic is written for Lower Key Stage 2. We also have an Upper Key Stage 2 Topic on Stone Age to Iron Age which is suited to that age range in its outcomes, content, delivery methods, resources and differentiation, as well as National Curriculum objectives. If you want to use this material for any other age range, you will need to consider how to adapt it appropriately.

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01: Introduction to homes and everyday life

Find materials for a replica home in the class/on the field and reconstruct it. Discover what evidence archaeologists use to reconstruct buildings or settlements.

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02: Hunter-gatherer homes

Investigate reconstructed hunter-gatherer homes. Design and make a model hunter-gatherer home and learn how to make cordage.

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03: Neolithic farmers' homes

Research what Neolithic homes looked like and design and make a model Neolithic home.

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04: Must Farm

Research the Bronze Age settlement at Must Farm and make replica objects from the site to use as props in a 'freeze the scene' photograph. Also learn how to weave.

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05: Roundhouses

Research Iron Age roundhouses in order to design and make model roundhouses. Learn about and how to do wattling.

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06: Prehistoric role-play

Take part in a whole-class role-play of a village in prehistory.

Block D - Religion and Ritual

Children learn about life in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age, a period covering a million years of history. As well as understanding the chronology of this fascinating time, children will learn about the food, religion, homes, technology and art and how each of these areas developed and changed over time and how amazing developments occurred from the Stone Age to the Iron Age.

Research the development of religion in prehistory; design and build a replica Stonehenge from cheese puffs or biscuits; make replica objects to use as props; re-enact possible scenes from prehistoric religious ceremonies; and make a video/audio lecture about the development of religion in prehistory.

This Topic is written for Lower Key Stage 2. We also have an Upper Key Stage 2 Topic on Stone Age to Iron Age which is suited to that age range in its outcomes, content, delivery methods, resources and differentiation, as well as National Curriculum objectives. If you want to use this material for any other age range, you will need to consider how to adapt it appropriately.

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01: Introduction to Stone Age to Iron Age religion and ritual

Learn about religious beliefs in prehistory and why a totem pole has appeared in the classroom/field.

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02: Hunter-gatherer beliefs

Explore the evidence that suggest some people in the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic probably pretended or believed that they could turn into animals and back again. Make props and improvise a scene.

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03: Neolithic religion and Stonehenge

Learn about how Stonehenge developed over 1500 years and how and why it was built. Find out whether there are any other monuments like Stonehenge from the Neolithic. Devise and make a replica Stonehenge from biscuits.

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04: Sun and water

Find out how religion changed over the course of the Bronze Age, from sun to water worship, and how we know. Make replica decoration or tools and re-enact a possible scene from the Bronze Age.

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05: Druids

Research whether the druids were real, and, if so, what they did. Debate the results of research and then re-enact a possible druidic ritual.

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06: Lecture

Make a video or audio lecture or discussion about the development of religion in prehistory, with some re-enactments to help viewers understand.

Block C - Technology, Tools and Inventions

Children learn about life in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age, a period covering a million years of history. As well as understanding the chronology of this fascinating time, children will learn about the food, religion, homes, technology and art and how each of these areas developed and changed over time and how amazing developments occurred from the Stone Age to the Iron Age.

Learn about the amazing development of technology and inventions from the Stone Age to the Iron Age and speculate why these changes came about. Make a museum of replicas of inventions made in prehistory including prehistoric pots, and try an alternative to bronze-casting and iron-forgingmaking your own collection of edible prehistoric tools from sugar rock, chocolate and pastry.Finally, report your work using digital technology.

This Topic is written for Lower Key Stage 2. We also have an Upper Key Stage 2 Topic on Stone Age to Iron Age which is suited to that age range in its outcomes, content, delivery methods, resources and differentiation, as well as National Curriculum objectives. If you want to use this material for any other age range, you will need to consider how to adapt it appropriately.

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01: Introduction to technology, tools and inventions

Sort through objects to work out which of them was invented in prehistory. Find out when and where in prehistory certain inventions were made and add them to a timeline.

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02: Invention of fire and stone tools

Find out different ways to make fire, and devise a safe experiment with magnesium. Learn about the first stone tools and make replicas from potatoes, chocolate or sugar rock.

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03: Invention of pottery and ground stone tools

Learn about the invention of pottery and make replica pots. Devise an experiment to test how long it takes to polish a stone axe.

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04: Invention of bronze

Find out how bronze is made and devise a way to safely replicate casting a bronze tool from chocolate, ice or jelly. Make replica bronze tools or gold jewellery from gold foil.

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05: Invention of iron

Devise a way to twist, fold and flatten dough to make sword or spearhead shapes with pattern welds, like Iron Age weapons. Make replica weapons with silver foil.

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06: Scientific report

Write a report about all the scientific experiments carried out and the results.

Block B - Food

Children learn about life in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age, a period covering a million years of history. As well as understanding the chronology of this fascinating time, children will learn about the food, religion, homes, technology and art and how each of these areas developed and changed over time and how amazing developments occurred from the Stone Age to the Iron Age.

Learn about the amazing development of food and cooking from the Stone Age to the Iron Age. Learn about the course of events that might have led Stone-Age people to move from hunting and gathering to farming. Demonstrate your knowledge through performance, a feast and an informative display.

This Topic is written for Lower Key Stage 2. We also have an Upper Key Stage 2 Topic on Stone Age to Iron Age which is suited to that age range in its outcomes, content, delivery methods, resources and differentiation, as well as National Curriculum objectives. If you want to use this material for any other age range, you will need to consider how to adapt it appropriately.

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01: Introduction to food

Find out how we know about food in Stone Age to Iron Age Britain, by looking at animal bones found on site to the last meal of Lindow Man.

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02: Hunting and gathering

Find out what kinds of animals hunters killed in the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic, what plants they gathered, and make a prehistoric stew.

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03: Farming appears

Learn about the coming of farming in the Neolithic and what early farming was like. Make butter from cream and make bread.

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04: Bronze Age beans

Learn about the Bronze Age and how many more crops were introduced at this time. Make oatcakes and a bean stew.

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05: Iron Age feast

Learn about Iron Age feasting and create lots of food for a feast based on knowledge of prehistoric food.

Block A - Introduction to Stone Age to Iron Age Britain

Children learn about life in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age, a period covering a million years of history. As well as understanding the chronology of this fascinating time, children will learn about the food, religion, homes, technology and art and how each of these areas developed and changed over time and how amazing developments occurred from the Stone Age to the Iron Age.

Investigate how we know about Britain’s prehistory and make a basic timeline with the main dates of the periods in Stone Age to Iron Age Britain. Take part in a mock investigation, participate in class debates, create group timelines, play matching games and be inspired to write some powerful non-fiction writing.

This Topic is written for Lower Key Stage 2. We also have an Upper Key Stage 2 Topic on Stone Age to Iron Age which is suited to that age range in its outcomes, content, delivery methods, resources and differentiation, as well as National Curriculum objectives. If you want to use this material for any other age range, you will need to consider how to adapt it appropriately.

 

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01: Being archaeologists

Carry out a mock investigation to find out how we know about Stone Age to Iron Age Britain.

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02: Start off the timeline

Make a basic timeline with the main dates of the periods in Stone Age to Iron Age Britain marked on it.

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03: The Stone Age

Learn about the Stone Age, add some details to that bit of the timeline, and find out what makes the Neolithic so different from the rest of the Stone Age. 

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04: The Bronze Age

Learn about the Bronze Age and add detail to the timeline. Write a report exploring what life might have been like for someone in the Bronze Age.

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05: The Iron Age

Learn about the Iron Age and add detail to the timeline. Debate what hillforts were for.

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06: Story-time

Write a non-fiction piece about prehistory explaining things that have been learned during this block.

Block H - Trade and Currency

This topic provides you with an outstanding set of inspired plans and resources to enable you to study Benin (West Africa) c. AD 900-1300 and to contrast many of its features with contemporary developments in British history; learn about the rise and establishment of the Benin Kingdom, consider what brought the Edo people to the rainforests of Benin and how the empire grew; study the rulers of the Edo people, their everyday life, their religion and worship, their trading currencies and trade routes, their music and art and finally how the Kingdom of Benin came to an end.

Learn about the trading currencies of the Benin kingdom and how it changed over time; explore the different trade routes the kingdom of Benin was part of; learn about the trading between foreign traders and the Benin people and finish by devising a trading role-play.

This Topic is written for Upper Key Stage 2. If you want to use this Topic for a different Key Stage, you will need to consider how to adapt the outcomes, content, delivery methods, resources and differentiation, as well as the relevant National Curriculum objectives.

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01: What did they trade with?

Learn about the trading currencies of Benin and how it changed over time. Make replicas of some of the trading tokens.

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02: Who did they trade with?

Explore the different trade routes that the kingdom of Benin used to trade with different people around Africa, and even beyond.

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03: Benin trading role-play

Learn how trading took place: that Benin traders would meet with foreign traders in an appointed spot. Explore how they negotiated for days, sometimes weeks. Learn that if the foreign traders stole from the Benin people, they refused to trade until they apologised. Undertake a role-play to show trade between foreign traders and the Benin.

Block G - History of the Islamic Religion

Track the development and history of an early Islamic civilisation – the great city of Baghdad. Compare and contrast these developments with Western Europe at the same time, learn about the spread of Islam through the Middle East and beyond, and examine trade and everyday life in Baghdad. Finally discover the legacy of early Islam and the continuing influences we see today.

This block looks at the history of important aspects of Islam, such as the Quran and hadiths, hajj, the observance of Ramadan and the festival of Eid al-Fitr.

Note – Hamilton Trust uses the form ‘Muhammad (pbuh)’ where he is mentioned. This follows a general convention and is seen by some as a mark of respect. It is up to individual teachers as to whether they follow this convention in written and spoken materials.

This Topic is written for Upper Key Stage 2. If you want to use this Topic for a different Key Stage, you will need to consider how to adapt the outcomes, content, delivery methods, resources and differentiation, as well as the relevant National Curriculum objectives.

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01: The Quran

Find out about the history of the Quran, look at ancient copies of the book and hear it recited. Find out about the history of hadiths. Learn how to write in early Arabic script using an ancient style pen and ink.

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02: The Kabaah and the Hajj

Examine the history of the Kabaah and the hajj - the annual pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia. Make a model of the Kaaba.

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03: Eid al-Adha

An important festival in the Islamic calendar is Eid al-Adha. Find out about its long history. Discuss ideas of sacrifice and charity and how they have been used in other religions.

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04: Ramadan and Eid al-Fitr

Find out about the history of Ramadan, the period of fasting in the Islamic calendar, and the festival at the end of Ramadan known as Eid al-Fitr. Make some traditional Eid food.

Block F - Scheherazade

Track the development and history of an early Islamic civilisation – the great city of Baghdad. Compare and contrast these developments with Western Europe at the same time, learn about the spread of Islam through the Middle East and beyond, and examine trade and everyday life in Baghdad. Finally discover the legacy of early Islam and the continuing influences we see today.

Legendary queen Scheherazade, who told the tales of 1001 Arabian Nights, needs your help! Can you write and illustrate a magical story to enthral King Shahryar for the 1002nd night? You will need to investigate the themes and structures of the original ‘1001 Arabian Nights’ stories, as well as including authentic details of early Islamic civilisation, in order to write an authentic story ready to re-tell to Scheherazade and an invited audience.

This Topic is written for Upper Key Stage 2. If you want to use this Topic for a different Key Stage, you will need to consider how to adapt the outcomes, content, delivery methods, resources and differentiation, as well as the relevant National Curriculum objectives.

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01: Scheherazade

Revisit elements of Baghdad life through a role play, meeting legendary queen Scheherazade.

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02: 1001 Arabian Nights - Ali Baba and Aladdin

Get ready to write your own Arabian Nights story by investigating the themes and structures of the original ‘1001 Arabian Nights’ stories.

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03: 1001 Arabian Nights - Sinbad the Sailor

Learn more about the magical ‘Sinbad the Sailor’ stories.

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04: The 1002nd Arabian Night - storyboard

Can you write a ‘1001 Arabian Nights’ story with convincing early Islamic civilisation elements?

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05: The 1002nd Arabian Night - narrative writing

Write and illustrate your story for the 1002nd Arabian Night.

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06: 1002 Arabian Nights - storytellers

Revisit Scheherazade and retell your Arabian Night stories.

Block I - Legacy of Early Islam

Track the development and history of an early Islamic civilisation – the great city of Baghdad. Compare and contrast these developments with Western Europe at the same time, learn about the spread of Islam through the Middle East and beyond, and examine trade and everyday life in Baghdad. Finally discover the legacy of early Islam and the continuing influences we see today.

Explore the remnants of early Islamic civilisation that we enjoy today. Discover that many words in common use today have their origins in the time of the early Islamic civilisation; experiment with calligraphy; watch videos and read about a range of Islamic scholars; decorate manuscripts in an Islamic style; and much more!

Note – Hamilton Trust uses the form ‘Muhammad (pbuh)’ where he is mentioned. This follows a general convention and is seen by some as a mark of respect. It is up to individual teachers as to whether they follow this convention in written and spoken materials.

This Topic is written for Upper Key Stage 2. If you want to use this Topic for a different Key Stage, you will need to consider how to adapt the outcomes, content, delivery methods, resources and differentiation, as well as the relevant National Curriculum objectives.

 

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01: What's in a word?

Discover that many words we commonly use are from languages other than English/Old English. Realise that language travels with people and is not confined by borders (just as the goods and cultures that passed along the ‘silk road’).

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02: A gift from China

Explore how the Islamic conquest of Central Asia spread the knowledge of paper-making. Discover how to make paper, pen and ink.

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03: Paperback writers

Learn about 4 Key Islamic Scholars and choose one to write a biography about using appropriate knowledge and skills.

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04: Paperback writers 2

Continue reviewing children’s biographies on the Key Islamic Scholars, then decorate them using the paper, pens and ink created in Session 2.

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05 and 06: Then and now

Collaborate to create a poster presentation that links the work of an ancient scholar/early work, within a specific discipline, with modern-day understanding.

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07: Then and now 2

Continue working on their poster and prepare to present it to the class or wider audience.

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08: King of the castle

Discuss and debate to decide which of the incredibly varied discoveries and teachings of the early Islamic scholars, are the most important, enduring and influential.