Food security and trade (Old Curriculum)
Children's rights and the millennium development goals are studied in relation to Africa and the UK. Health, water, food and trade, Mandela, African art, history and geography are all covered and support to link with an African school is given. Gain your International School Award!
Each Topic is written for a particular Key Stage. If you use a Topic for a different Key Stage, you will need to consider how to adapt the outcomes, content, delivery methods, resources and differentiation, as well as the relevant National Curriculum objectives.
This Topic was written for the old National Curriculum of England. We have left it on the website so that teachers unconstrained by the new National Curriculum can continue to access this material. Teachers in England would have to adapt this Topic to the new curriculum or use some of the new Topics available on the website.
Children are introduced to the idea that there are some staple foods which exist in all cultures. These are usually carbohydrates, and in many African countries they consist of foods made from maize or corn. Children make fufu.
In this session, we identify and describe fruits grown in sub-Saharan Africa. The need for fruit as part of a healthy diet is discussed and children taste some tropical fruits. Children follow a recipe to make Cameroon banana bread.
Children discuss how all cultures have celebrations and festivals; special days in which special foods are eaten and shared. In parts of West Africa a child’s 5th birthday is special as many do not live to be five. Children make fried plantain and decorate plates.
Children return to the notion of a staple food. They look at uncooked couscous grain and discuss how this grain is a staple of much of North Africa and the Middle East. Then children cook vegetable tagine and enjoy eating it!
Children begin to consider issues determining food security. This session helps them to understand that food security is not only an issue for African counties but is a global issue also affecting us here. Children work in groups to discuss different causes.
Children think positively about ways in which we can help to improve the lives of people who lack food security. Thinking about our responsibilities as world citizens, children discuss ways of campaigning to change the causes of lack of food in Africa.
Explore a range of letters and identify features of formal and informal letters and the use of persuasive language. Children write a formal letter to a supermarket to persuade them to change something. Use Letters to Africa to stimulate children to write to a penfriend.
Children learn how much of the food we buy in supermarkets is produced in African countries. They discuss this in the light of their knowledge of fair trade and write a letter to the local supermarket to discuss the issues.
Through playing the Christian Aid Chocolate Trade Game (need the internet) children come to understand, in a fun way that world trade rules are unfair to developing food producing countries. They think about human causes of food security issues.
Children consider arguments for buying fairtrade produce and look at relevant websites including Christian Aid and Oxfam. Children think about how fairtrade does not address causes – unfair trade rules and greedy practices. How can we campaign to change these?
Children consider arguments for and against fairtrade. They plan to set up a fairtrade tuck shop to raise awareness. Design and make posters to advertise the tuck shop and explain some of the issues surrounding fairtrade. Some children organise the stock and accounts.
Discuss with children the problems of malnutrition and famine in many parts of Africa brought on by drought, civil war, floods, earthquakes and crop diseases. Remind children that a lot of the food grown in Africa is exported. Children design a board game about famine.
Some help has been given to starving Africans. In 1984 Bob Geldof formed the supergroup Band Aid and their record ‘Do they Know it’s Christmas?’ made millions of pounds. The Live Aid concerts and further releases followed. Children prepare dance to Live Aid music.