Earliest Civilisations: Ancient Egyptians

Block C - Pharaohs and Pyramids

Learn all about the Ancient Egyptians. Investigate the men and women who studied the kingdoms and explore their discoveries. Look at some of the Pharaohs and the development of the pyramids, as well as the mythology that surrounded this early civilisation. Look at the role the Nile had in allowing this civilisation to flourish and examine daily life, comparing it to our own.

Learn about the mighty rulers of Ancient Egypt, their dynasties, battles and burials. Discover their symbols and crowns. Share knowledge and understanding of the pharaohs by staging an Ancient Egyptian exhibition.

This Topic is written for Upper Key Stage 2. If you want to use this Topic for a different Key Stage, you will need to consider how to adapt the outcomes, content, delivery methods, resources and differentiation, as well as the relevant National Curriculum objectives.

Supporting documents for topic
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01: Dynasties

Explain how the rulers of Ancient Egypt were divided into families or dynasties and know how rich and powerful the pharaohs were. Describe the crowns and symbols of pharaohs; make a double crown (Pschent) of Ancient Egypt.

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02: Well-known Pharaohs

List some well-known pharaohs. Research and record facts about an individual pharaoh to make a fact file.

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03: Defence of Ancient Egypt

Name some Ancient Egyptian pharaohs who led their army into battle successfully; list the weapons used by the Ancient Egyptians; design, build and decorate a model of an Ancient Egyptian chariot.

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04: Early burials

Describe early burials in Ancient Egypt. Explain why mummification was developed to preserve bodies for the afterlife; describe the mummification process; make a model of a mummy; understand the importance of The Book of the Dead.

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05: Pyramids

Explain how the structure of pyramids developed over the years. Describe the purpose of the pyramids and make 3D models of pyramids using 2D nets.

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06: Pyramid building enquiry

Appreciate what a hard task it was for the Ancient Egyptians to build the pyramids. Understand that we cannot be sure of the methods that were used to build pyramids and learn of some of the difficulties they may have faced!

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07: The Sphinx

Describe the shape of The Sphinx at Giza. Understand the importance of The Sphinx to the Ancient Egyptians and make a model of The Sphinx.

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08: Rock-cut tombs

Explain why it is thought that pyramids were no longer built for Pharaoh’s tombs during the New Kingdom; describe the Ancient Egyptian style of depicting people; draw and paint a figure in the Ancient Egyptian style.

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09: Exhibition

Bring together your findings about pharaohs and their burials. Prepare and give a presentation to an invited audience, making connections between different periods of Ancient Egyptian history.