Block H - Roman buildings and engineering
Children learn about the Roman Empire and its impact on Britain at the time and the legacy it left us. Other than History, children acquire and practise skills in Art, making Roman busts and mosaics, in D&T, building a chariot and an aqueduct, in Dance and Music, creating a dance/drama of an invasion and of a battle, in English, debating opposition or collaboration, and Geography, understanding the location and extent of the empire.
What buildings did the Romans build and for what purposes? How did they solve practical engineering problems such as providing enough water for their towns and cities, and enabling the army to get from A to B. Study Roman roads, buildings and aqueducts. Build models, carry out scientific tests and make a presentation of discoveries.
This Topic is written for Lower Key Stage 2. If you want to use this Topic for a different Key Stage, you will need to consider how to adapt the outcomes, content, delivery methods, resources and differentiation, as well as the relevant National Curriculum objectives.
Children study the types and architecture of Roman buildings, including the use of columns, pediments, colonnades, etc. They make a model Roman building.
Continuing to look at aspects of Roman architectural style, children consider the varieties of 3D shape which can be used to hold up the weight of a roof and further stories. They conduct a fair scientific test.
Why did the Romans use so many arches? Children conduct an investigation on effectiveness of different shaped arches by manipulating length of span and measuring height and load bearing strength.
Children learn how Roman roads were made and where they were built. They place Roman towns and cities on a map of Britain.
Understanding how the Romans carried water using aqueducts, children begin to make a cardboard model aqueduct.